Lumateperone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lumateperone
ITI-007.svg
Clinical data
Pronunciation/lməˈtɛpərɑːn/
loo-mə-TE-pə-ron
Trade namesCaplyta
Other namesITI-007; ITI-722
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
MedlinePlusa620014
License data
Routes of
administration
By mouth
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability4.4%[1]
Protein binding97.4%[1]
MetabolismMultiple UGTs, CYP450s, and AKR enzymes[1]
Excretion<1% excreted unchanged in urine[1]
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC24H28FN3O
Molar mass393.506 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Lumateperone (INN; brand name Caplyta kəp-LY-tə, developmental codes ITI-007 and ITI-722) is a butyrophenone atypical antipsychotic developed by Intra-Cellular Therapies, licensed from Bristol-Myers Squibb, for the treatment of schizophrenia,[2] and currently in development for bipolar depression and other neurological indications.[3]

The most common side effects include sleepiness and dry mouth.[4]

Medical uses[edit]

Schizophrenia[edit]

On December 20, 2019, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lumateperone for the treatment of schizophrenia in adults.[4][5][6] Lumateperone is FDA approved for this indication only at the 42 mg dose (60 mg lumateperone tosylate), despite being studied at lower doses (14 and 28 mg) and a higher dose (84 mg).[1]

Clinical studies[edit]

Bipolar depression[edit]

Two Phase III lumateperone monotherapy studies were conducted and completed for the treatment of bipolar depression, those being trial Study 401 and Study 404.[7] A third trial, Study 402, aims to test lumateperone in addition to lithium or valproate,[8][9] the data pertaining this trial is due out in 2020.[10][9]

Study 401 was conducted solely in the United States while Study 404 was a global study and included patients from the US.[11][12] Of the entire Study 404 population (381 patients), two-thirds were from Russia and Colombia. At the completion of the two monotherapy Phase III trials only Study 404 met its primary endpoint and one of its secondary endpoints.[13][14] In Study 404, patients received 42 mg lumateperone once daily or placebo for six weeks. Study 404 patients saw an improvement of depressive symptoms compared to placebo as documented by a change in MADRS total score of 4.6.[15]

Pharmacology[edit]

Receptor affinities[1]
Receptor Ki (nM)
5-HT2A 0
.54
Dopamine receptor D1 41
Serotonin transporter 33
Dopamine receptor D2 32
Dopamine receptor D4 <100
Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor <100
Alpha-1B adrenergic receptor <100

Mechanism of action[edit]

Lumateperone acts as an antagonist of 5-HT2A receptor and antagonizes several dopamine receptor subtypes (D1, D2, and D4). It has moderate serotonin transporter reuptake inhibition. It has additional off-target antagonism at alpha-1 receptors, without appreciable antimuscarinic or antihistaminergic properties.[1]

Pharmacokinetics[edit]

After taking the medication by mouth, lumateperone reaches maximum plasma concentrations within 1–2 hours and has a terminal elimination half-life of 18 hours.[1] Lumateperone is a substrate for numerous metabolic enzymes, including various glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms (UGT1A1, 1A4, and 2B15), aldo-keto reductase (AKR) isoforms (AKR1C1, 1B10, and 1C4), and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes (CYP3A4, 2C8, and 1A2).[1]

Lumateperone does not cause appreciable inhibition of any common CYP450 enzymes. It is not a substrate for p-glycoprotein.[1]

Society and culture[edit]

Economics[edit]

The failure of Study 401 caused Intra-Cellular's stock price to fall.[16][9] Their stock fell again on July 23, when the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) canceled a Psychopharmacologic Drugs Advisory Committee meeting.[17][18]

History[edit]

Lumateperone was approved for medical use in the United States in December 2019,[4][5][6] and became available in February 2020.[1]

The FDA approved lumateperone based on evidence from three clinical trials (Trial 1/NCT01499563, Trial 2/NCT02282761 and Trial 3/NCT02469155) that enrolled 818 adult participants with schizophrenia.[4] The trials were conducted at 33 sites in the United States.[4] Trials 1 and 2 provided data on the benefits and side effects of lumateperone, and Trial 3 provided data on side effects only.[4]

Three trials provided data for the approval of lumateperone.[4] In each trial, hospitalized participants with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to receive either lumateperone or a comparison treatment (placebo or active comparator) once daily for four weeks (Trials 1 and 2) or six weeks (Trial 3).[4] Neither the participants nor the health care providers knew which treatment was being given until after the trials were completed.[4]

Trials 1 and 2 provided data for the assessment of benefits and side effects through four weeks of therapy.[4] Benefit was assessed by measuring the overall improvement in the symptoms of schizophrenia.[4] Trial 3 provided data for the assessment of side effects only during six weeks of therapy.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Caplyta- lumateperone capsule". DailyMed. Intra-Cellular Therapies, Inc. 27 December 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  2. ^ Celanire S, Poli S, eds. (13 October 2014). Small Molecule Therapeutics for Schizophrenia. Springer. pp. 31–. ISBN 978-3-319-11502-3.
  3. ^ "Another blow for Intra-Cellular". Evaluate.com. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Drug Trials Snapshots: Caplyta". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  5. ^ a b "Drug Approval Package: Caplyta". U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 21 January 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b "FDA Approves Intra-Cellular Therapies' Novel Antipsychotic, Caplyta (lumateperone) for the Treatment of Schizophrenia in Adults" (Press release). Intra-Cellular Therapies Inc. 23 December 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2020 – via GlobeNewswire.
  7. ^ "Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 3 Trial of Lumateperone in Patients with Bipolar Depression" (Press release). Intra-Cellular Therapies Inc. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019 – via GlobeNewswire.
  8. ^ "Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 3 Trial of Lumateperone in Patients with Bipolar Depression" (Press release). Intra-Cellular Therapies Inc. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019 – via GlobeNewswire.
  9. ^ a b c "Why Intra-Cellular Therapies Is Tanking Today". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  10. ^ "One out of two is not enough for Intra-Cellular". Evaluate.com. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces Top Line Results for Two Bipolar Studies". Trial Site News. 13 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces Positive Top-line Results from a Phase 3 Trial of Lumateperone in Patients with Bipolar Depression" (Press release). Intra-Cellular Therapies Inc. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019 – via GlobeNewswire.
  13. ^ "One out of two is not enough for Intra-Cellular". Evaluate.com. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  14. ^ DeArment A (8 July 2019). "Intra-Cellular Therapies hits one, misses another in Phase III bipolar disorder program". MedCity News. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Phase 3 data supports lumateperone for bipolar depression". www.healio.com. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  16. ^ House DW, ed. (8 July 2019). "Intra-Cellular down 9% premarket on uneven results from lumateperone studies". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Lumateperone schizophrenia drug seems to hit snag". www.mdedge.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Lumateperone for schizophrenia shows safety, tolerability in long-term study". www.mdedge.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.

External links[edit]

  • "Lumateperone". Drug Information Portal. U.S. National Library of Medicine.