Lumbricals of the foot
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|Lumbrical muscle of the foot|
Muscles of the sole of the right foot, viewed from below. Second layer. (Lumbricals visible at bottom.)
|Origin||Medial borders of long flexor tendons|
|Insertion||Proximal phalanges and extensor tendons of the 4 lateral toes|
|Artery||Medial and Lateral plantar arteries|
|Nerve||medial and lateral plantar nerves (S3)|
|Actions||Flexes metatarsophalangeal joints, extends interphalangeal joints|
|Latin||musculus lumbricalis pedis|
|Anatomical terms of muscle|
The lumbricals arise from the tendons of the flexor digitorum longus muscle, as far back as their angles of division, each springing from two tendons, except the first. The first lumbrical is unipennate, while the second, third and fourth are bipennate.
The muscles end in tendons, which pass forward on the medial sides of the four lesser toes, and are inserted into the expansions of the tendons of the extensor digitorum longus muscle on the dorsal surfaces of the proximal phalanges. All four lumbricals insert into extensor hoods of the phalanges, thus creating extension at the inter-phalangeal (PIP and DIP) joints. However, as the tendons also pass inferior to the metatarsal phalangeal (MTP) joints it creates flexion at this joint.
Absence of one or more; doubling of the third or fourth even the fifth. Insertion partly or wholly into the first phalanges.
- Bozer, Cüneyt; Uzmansel, Deniz; Dönmez, Didem; Parlak, Muhammed; Beger, Orhan; Elvan, Özlem (2018-12-01). "The effects of the communicating branch between medial and lateral plantar nerves on the innervations of the foot lumbrical muscles". Journal of the Anatomical Society of India. 67 (2): 130–132. doi:10.1016/j.jasi.2018.11.006. ISSN 0003-2778.
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