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Lumbricus terrestris, the common European earthworm
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Subclass: Oligochaeta
Order: Haplotaxida
Family: Lumbricidae
Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1815

See text

The Lumbricidae are a family of earthworms which includes most of the earthworm species well-known to Europeans. About 33 lumbricid species have become naturalized around the world,[1] but the bulk of the species are in the Holarctic region: from Canada (e.g. Bimastos lawrenceae on Vancouver Island) and the United States (e.g. Eisenoides carolinensis, Eisenoides lonnbergi and most Bimastos spp.) and throughout Eurasia to Japan (e.g. Eisenia japonica, E. koreana and Helodrilus hachiojii). An enigmatic species in Tasmania is Eophila eti. Currently, 670 valid species and subspecies in about 42 genera are recognized.[2]



  1. ^ "Contents of "Cosmopolitan Earthworms" 1st and 2nd Editions, Blakemore (2002, 2006)". VermEcology. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-16. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
  2. ^ "A Series of Searchable Texts on Earthworm Biodiversity, Ecology and Systematics from Various Regions of the World". YNU, COE Chapter 10: A list of valid, invalid and synonymous names of Criodriloidea and Lumbricoidea (Annelida: Oligochaeta: Criodrilidae, Sparganophilidae, Ailoscolecidae, Hormogastridae, Lumbricidae, Lutodrilidae). 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-01-05. Retrieved 2008-01-04.

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