Lummelunda and Etebols
|• Total||23.79 km2 (9.19 sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Lummelunda (sometimes referred to as Lummelunda and Etebols) is a settlement on the island of Gotland Sweden, approximately 17 km (11 mi) north of Visby. Formerly a socken, on 1 January 2016, it was reconstituted into the administrative area Lummelunda District. It is a joint parish with Stenkyrka. Lummelunda is most noted for the Lummelunda Cave, one of the longest caves in Sweden, and the mill with the largest water wheel in northern Europe.
The name is probably from the vicarage, in 1350 known as Lomalunda. The meaning of the first part of the name is unknown, the second part lund means "grove", can have been intended for a sacred grove.
A couple of graves from the Stone Age has been found at Lummelunda, as well as fifteen grave fields from the Iron Age and ground grooves on both boulders and slabs. The church of Lummelunda is medieval.
The water in the Lummelunda stream has been used for industry since the Middle Ages. Three mills are named, the Topmost (Översta kvarn), the Middle (Mellersta kvarn) and the Lowest (Nedersta kvarn). The water wheels were used for grinding grains, saw mills and textile mills for manufacturing wadmal. The height of the industry at Lummelunda was during the 17th century, when ironworks at the stream processed iron ore shipped from Utö in the Stockholm archipelago. As of 2015[update], only the Topmost Mill remains. It has the largest water wheel in northern Europe. The adjacent Lummelund Manor was built in the 1805.
Lummelunda is on the northwest coast of Gotland with the Lummelunda stream to the south. The land is mainly plains with high and steep, forested cliffs to the north. Lummeluda is a farming district.
One of Sweden's longest caves, the Lummelunda Cave, is situated at Lummelunda. The cave is part of a nature reserve with the same name as the cave, Lummelundagrottan. The reserve, established in 1989, is 17 ha (42 acres) and includes the cave and the ground above it.
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