Lummelunda

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Lummelunda
Lummelunda and Etebols[1]
Lummelunda Church
Lummelunda Church
Lummelunda is located in Gotland
Lummelunda
Lummelunda
Coordinates: 57°46′21.3″N 18°26′39.0″E / 57.772583°N 18.444167°E / 57.772583; 18.444167Coordinates: 57°46′21.3″N 18°26′39.0″E / 57.772583°N 18.444167°E / 57.772583; 18.444167
Country Sweden
Province Gotland
County Gotland County
Municipality Gotland Municipality
Area[2]
 • Total 23.79 km2 (9.19 sq mi)
Population (2014)[3]
 • Total 447
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website lummelundaannorlunda.se

Lummelunda (sometimes referred to as Lummelunda and Etebols) is a settlement on the island of Gotland Sweden, approximately 17 km (11 mi) north of Visby. Formerly a socken,[4] on 1 January 2016, it was reconstituted into the administrative area Lummelunda District.[5] It is a joint parish with Stenkyrka. Lummelunda is most noted for the Lummelunda Cave, one of the longest caves in Sweden, and the mill with the largest water wheel in northern Europe.

History[edit]

The name is probably from the vicarage, in 1350 known as Lomalunda. The meaning of the first part of the name is unknown, the second part lund means "grove", can have been intended for a sacred grove.[6]

A couple of graves from the Stone Age has been found at Lummelunda, as well as fifteen grave fields from the Iron Age and ground grooves on both boulders and slabs.[7][8][9] The church of Lummelunda is medieval.[10]

During the use of the Swedish allotment system, the boatswains of Lummelunda were part of the 1st Gotlandic Boatswain Company.[11][12] The Nyhamn harbor is situated at Lummelunda.

Mills[edit]

Lummelunda Manor

The water in the Lummelunda stream has been used for industry since the Middle Ages. Three mills are named, the Topmost (Översta kvarn), the Middle (Mellersta kvarn) and the Lowest (Nedersta kvarn). The water wheels were used for grinding grains, saw mills and textile mills for manufacturing wadmal. The height of the industry at Lummelunda was during the 17th century, when ironworks at the stream processed iron ore shipped from Utö in the Stockholm archipelago. As of 2015, only the Topmost Mill remains. It has the largest water wheel in northern Europe. The adjacent Lummelund Manor was built in the 1805.[13][14]

Geography[edit]

Lummelunda is on the northwest coast of Gotland with the Lummelunda stream to the south. The land is mainly plains with high and steep, forested cliffs to the north. Lummeluda is a farming district.[15]

One of Sweden's longest caves, the Lummelunda Cave, is situated at Lummelunda. The cave is part of a nature reserve with the same name as the cave, Lummelundagrottan. The reserve, established in 1989, is 17 ha (42 acres) and includes the cave and the ground above it.[16]

One of the asteroids in the asteroid belt, 10132 Lummelunda, is named after this settlement.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Småorter 2010" (PDF). www.scb.se. Statistiska Central Byrån. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Carlquist, Gunnar, ed. (1947–1955). Svensk uppslagsbok (in Swedish) (2:nd ed.). Malmö: Förlagshuset Norden. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Gotland i siffror 2015" [Gotland in numbers 2015]. www.gotland.se. Gotland Municipality. Retrieved 25 May 2016. 
  4. ^ The exact extent of the socken, now district, can be obtained by clicking on Kartinställningar and check the Socken box in the menu of this map from the Swedish National Heritage Board database.
  5. ^ "Förordning om district" [Regulation of districts] (PDF). Ministry of Finance. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Wahlberg, Mats (2003). Svenskt ortnamnslexikon. Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen. Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand. ISBN 91-7229-020-X. 
  7. ^ Sjögren, Otto, ed. (1931). Sverige: geografisk beskrivning. D. 2, Östergötlands, Jönköpings, Kronobergs, Kalmar och Gotlands län (in Swedish). Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Lummelunda, sökresultat". www.fmis.raa.se. Riksantikvarieämbetet. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Lummelunda socken". www.historiska.se. Historiska museet. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Lagerlöf, Erland; Svahnström, Gunnar (1973). Gotlands kyrkor [Gotland's Churces] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 204–206. ISBN 91-29-41035-5. LIBRIS 7232718. 
  11. ^ "1:a Gotlands båtsmanskompani 09". Riksarkivet. Nationell Arkivdatabas. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  12. ^ Högman, Hans. "Svenska regementen under indelningsverket". www.algonet.se. Hans Högmans Släktforskning. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  13. ^ Enderborg, Bernt. "Lummelunds Bruk". www.guteinfo.com. Guteinfo. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Lundberg, Erik B. (1939). Lummelunds bruk: anteckningar om de gotländska järnbruken. Jernkontorets bergshistoriska skriftserie, 0347-4283 ; 8. Stockholm: Jernkontoret. 
  15. ^ "Lummelunda kyrka". www.guteinfo.se. Guteinfo.se. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Bildande av naturresrevatet Lummelundagrotta i Lummelunda socken, Gotlands Kommun" (PDF). www.lansstyrelsen.se (in Swedish). The County Administrative Boards of Gotland County. 20 March 1989. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser". NASA. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 

External links[edit]