Lumnitzera

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Lumnitzera
Lumnitzera racemosa (flowering) - Kung Krabaen, Chantaburi province, Thailand.JPG
Lumnitzera racemosa (flowering) - Kung Krabaen, Chantaburi province, Thailand
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Lumnitzera
Willd. (1803)[1]
Species

Lumnitzera littorea
Lumnitzera racemosa

Lumnitzera range map.png
Range of Lumnitzera[1]

Lumnitzera is an Indo-West Pacific mangrove genus in the family Combretaceae. An English common name is black mangrove.[2] Lumnitzera, named after the German botanist, Stephan Lumnitzer (1750-1806), occurs in mangroves from East Africa to the Western Pacific (including Fiji and Tonga), and northern Australia.[1]

Lumnitzera littorea, Tonga
Lumnitzera racemosa, Indonesia

The genus has two species of similar vegetative appearance but with differing flower colour. Lumnitzera littorea has red flowers whereas Lumnitzera racemosa has white flowers. Both species have flat and spoon-shaped (spathulate) leaves with emarginate tips. L. racemosa dominates in the western part of the range and L. littorea dominates in the east. Hybrids occur within the zone of overlap (Lumnitzera × rosea).[1]

Three genera of the tropical woody family Combretaceae, Laguncularia, Conocarpus, and Lumnitzera, are found in mangroves but Lumnitzera is the only one to occur in the Indo-West Pacific mangroves, including Australia.[1]

Lumnitzera racemosa var. racemosa (Tonga mangrove, Afrikaans: Tonga-wortelboom, Zulu: Isikhaha-esibomvu) is a protected tree in South Africa.[3]

List of species[edit]

The total world list of Lumnitzera species is 3,[4] namely L. littorea, L. racemosa and L. X rosea - others are synonyms, or incorrectly assigned names:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Lumnitzera". University of Queensland. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Lumnitzera". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Protected Trees" (PDF). Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Republic of South Africa. 3 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Duke, Norman C (2013). World Mangrove ID: expert information at your fingertips. Currumbin, Queensland: MangroveWatch Publications. ISBN 9780992365905. 
  5. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115712
  6. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115713
  7. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115714
  8. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338863
  9. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115715
  10. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115716
  11. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338856
  12. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338848
  13. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338857
  14. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115717
  15. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115718
  16. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338858
  17. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338859
  18. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115719
  19. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115720
  20. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-50309083
  21. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2338861
  22. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-50309088
  23. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-8200505
  24. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/tro-50309089
  25. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115721
  26. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115722
  27. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115723
  28. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115724

External links[edit]

Media related to Lumnitzera at Wikimedia Commons