|Alternative names||Loempia, loenpia, ngohyong|
|Course||Main course or snack|
|Place of origin||Indonesia, Philippines|
|Created by||Chinese Indonesians and Chinese Filipinos|
|Serving temperature||hot or room temperature|
|Main ingredients||Wrapper, meat, vegetables|
|Variations||Fried or fresh|
Lumpia are various types of spring rolls commonly found in Indonesia and the Philippines. Lumpia are made of thin paper-like or crepe-like pastry skin called "lumpia wrapper" enveloping savory or sweet fillings. It is often served as an appetizer or snack, and might be served deep fried or fresh (unfried). Lumpia are Indonesian and Filipino adaptations of the Fujianese and Teochew popiah, which was created during the 17th century in the former Spanish colonial era.
In Indonesia lumpia has become a favorite snack, and is known as a street hawker food in the country. In the Philippines, lumpia is one of the most common dishes served in gatherings and celebrations.
In the Netherlands and Belgium, it is spelled loempia, the old Indonesian spelling, which has also become the generic name for "spring roll" in Dutch. A variant is the Vietnamese lumpia, wrapped in a thinner pastry, though still close in size to a spring roll, in which the wrapping closes the ends off completely, which is typical for lumpia.
The name lumpia or sometimes spelled as lunpia was derived from Hokkien spelling /lun˩piã˥˧/ (潤餅), lun (潤) means "wet/moist/soft", while pia (餅) means "cake/pastry", thus lun-pia means "soft cake". It is referred to as rùnbǐng (潤餅) or báobǐng (薄餅) in Mandarin, and also as bópíjuǎn (薄皮卷).
Chinese influence is evident in Indonesian cuisine, such as bakmi, mie ayam, pangsit, mie goreng, kwetiau goreng, nasi goreng, bakso, and lumpia. Throughout the country, spring rolls are generally called lumpia; however, sometimes an old Chinese Indonesian spelling is used: loen pia.
In Indonesia lumpia is associated with Chinese Indonesian cuisine and commonly found in cities where significant Chinese Indonesian settles. Although some local variants exist and the filling ingredients may vary, the most popular variant is Lumpia Semarang, available in fried or unfried variants. In Indonesia, lumpia variants usually named after the city where the recipe originates, with Semarang as the most famous variant. It represents creativity and the localisation of lumpia recipes according to locally available ingredients and local tastes.
Unlike its Philippines counterpart, Indonesian lumpia rarely uses minced pork as a filling. This was meant to cater to larger Muslim clientele, thus popular fillings are usually chicken, shrimp, egg and vegetables. Indonesian lumpia is commonly filled with seasoned chopped rebung (bamboo shoots) with minced chicken or prawns, served with fresh baby shallots or leeks in sweet tauco (fermented soy) based sauce. In addition to being made at home, lumpia is also offered as street food sold by traveling vendor on carts, sold in foodstalls specializing on Lumpia Semarang, or sold in traditional marketplaces as part of kue (Indonesian traditional snack) or jajan pasar (market munchies). Simpler and cheaper lumpia is sold as part of gorengan (Indonesian fritters). Indonesians are noted for their fondness of hot and spicy food, and therefore spicy hot sambal chili sauce or fresh bird's eye chili are usually added as a dipping sauce or condiment.
Named after the capital city of Central Java in Indonesia, Semarang, where significant Chinese Indonesian have settled, lumpia Semarang is perhaps the most popular lumpia variant in Indonesia. It has become associated with the city, and the spring rolls are often sought by the visitors in Semarang as food gift or souvenir. Originally made by Chinese immigrants, this lumpia is filled with bamboo shoots, dried shrimp, chicken, and/or prawns. It is served with a sweet chili sauce made from dried shrimp (optional), coconut sugar, red chili peppers, bird's eye chili peppers, ground white pepper, tapioca starch, water, and baby shallots. Lumpia Semarang is served either deep-fried or unfried, as the filling is already cooked.
Named after Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, this lumpia is usually being deep fried and sold as gorengan fritter snack. Unlike popular Semarang lumpia that uses rebung or bamboo shoots, Jakarta lumpia uses bengkuang or jicama, and served with typical Indonesian sambal kacang or spicy peanut sauce as a dipping sauce.
Named after Bogor, a city in West Java, this lumpia filling is almost similar with Jakarta lumpia; uses jicama, and added with tofu and ebi dried shrimp. Unlike other regions that are fried, Bogor lumpia are usually grilled on hot iron, giving off a distinctive aroma. In addition, Bogor lumpia is usually shaped rectangle like a pillow and quite large in size.
Named after the city of Bandung in West Java, it is a variant of lumpia basah or fresh and wet lumpia that is not being deep fried. However, unlike common rolled elongated fresh lumpia, lumpia Bandung is not served in spring roll form, but the lumpia skin is spread, topped with fillings, stacked and folded square just like an envelope. Unlike Semarang style lumpia that uses bamboo shoots and minced chicken, Bandung style lumpia filling uses julienned jicama, beansprout, scallion, garlic, chili, and scrambled egg, with palm sugar sauce.
Named after the city of Surabaya in East Java, where this lumpia was originally made. It is made of mostly the same ingredients of lumpia semarang, but much less sweet in taste. Lumpia Surabaya might uses bamboo shoots, corn, or slices of sausages as fillings, and served with sambal chili sauce and tauco fermented soybean paste as dipping sauce.
Although Yogyakarta is quite close to Semarang city, Yogyakarta also has a different type of lumpia. Yogya typical lumpia usually contain jicama, bean sprouts, carrots, and minced chicken meat; and sometimes stuff like boiled quail eggs and glass noodles are added as fillings. Yogya lumpia usually served with acar pickles, chilies, and toppings made from crushed garlic and jicama. The generous use of garlic and pickles as garnishing was meant to refresh and neutralise the otherwise oily deep fried lumpia.
Originated from Medan city of North Sumatra, this lumpia version is more akin to popiah of neighboring Malaysia and Singapore, thus in Medan lumpia is more commonly called as popiah. Medan popiah or lumpia is a large fresh unfried spring roll, consumed not as snack, but as main meal. This was because Medan lumpias are made in large sizes with rich fillings, including bamboo shoots, scrambled eggs, peanuts, shrimp, crabs, etc.
Lumpia goreng is a simple fried spring rolls filled with vegetables; the spring roll wrappers are filled with chopped carrots cut into matchstick size, shredded cabbage, and sometimes mushrooms. Although usually filled only with vegetables, the fried spring rolls might be enrichen with minced beef, chicken, or prawns. There is also a common, cheap and simple variant of fried lumpia, eaten not as a single dish but as part of assorted gorengan (Indonesian fritters) snack, sold together with fried battered tempeh, tofu, oncom, sweet potato and cassava. The filling is simple and modest, only filled with bihun (rice vermicelli) with chopped carrots and cabbages. Usually eaten with fresh bird's eye chili pepper. The sliced lumpia goreng is also the ingredient of soto mie (noodle soto).
It literally means "wet spring roll", or often translated as "fresh spring roll" which means spring roll without frying. It is similar to the Vietnamese spring roll with bean sprouts, carrots, shrimp and/or chicken, and served with sweet tauco (another Hokkien word for salted soybeans) sauce.
This popular appetizer in Indonesia is chicken lumpia, with fillings including shredded chicken, sliced carrot, onion and garlic; and seasoned with sugar, salt and pepper. In Yogyakarta, there is a popular chicken lumpia variant called Lumpia Mutiara, sold in front of Mutiara Hotel in Malioboro street.
Vegetarian lumpia, usually filled with glass noodles, shredded cabbage, lettuce, julienned carrots, minced garlic and celery, seasoned with soy sauce and sweet chili sauce. Most of cheaper lumpia sold as part of Indonesian gorengan (fritters) are lumpia sayur or vegetables lumpia, that contains only bits of carrots and bihun rice glass noodles.
The name lumpia mercon (lit. firecracker lumpia) implies that this lumpia is extra hot and spicy, filled with slices of cabe rawit or bird's eye chili, a small type of chili that is very spicy and much hotter than a common jalapeño. This lumpia demonstrates the Indonesian fondness of extra hot and spicy food.
Lumpia dulek, also known as lumpia delanggu or sosis kecut (sour sausages) is a simple and cheap lumpia snack from Delanggu subdistrict, Klaten Regency, Central Java, a town located between Yogyakarta and Semarang. It is a small finger-sized lumpia filled with mung bean sprouts (tauge) with slightly sour flavour.
Another vegetarian lumpia in Indonesia is lumpia tahu or tofu lumpia. It is filled with tofu and diced carrot, lightly seasoned and deep fried. Usually its size is smaller than common lumpia, and consumed as a snack. Sometimes beaten egg and chopped scallion might be added into the filling mixture.
This simple and cheap street food is a popular snack among Indonesian school children. Lumpia telur is an egg lumpia, which is lumpia skin placed upon a hot flat pan, topped with beaten egg and chopped scallion, folded, and fried with cooking oil. Sometimes slices of sausages are added. The shape is not cylindrical like common spring roll, but rather flat half circle, drizzled with kecap manis sweet soy sauce and chili sambal. It is often regarded as a hybrid between lumpia and egg martabak.
Lumpia jantung pisang
Lumpia with filling made of jantung pisang (lit. banana's heart) which refer to banana blossom bud, mixed with eggs, seasoned with shallot, garlic, turmeric and pepper, served in hot sambal chili sauce.
Lumpia udang mayones
Seafood lumpia, filled with shrimp, diced carrots, scallions, garlic and mayonnaise. Actually, the popularity of mayonnaise-filled snack was started by another Indonesian popular snack called risole. Risole is quite similar to lumpia, with the different in skin texture – in which risoles' skin is thicker, softer and breaded. This novelty risole recipe with mayo flavour then spin-off using lumpia skin to become a new lumpia variant.
Piscok is an abbreviation of pisang cokelat (banana chocolate in Indonesian). It is a sweet snack made of pieces of banana with chocolate syrup, wrapped inside lumpia skin and being deep fried. Pisang cokelat is often simply described as "choco banana spring rolls". It is often regarded as a hybrid between another Indonesian favourites; pisang goreng (fried banana) and lumpia (spring roll).
The type of banana being used is similar to pisang goreng; preferably pisang uli, pisang kepok or pisang raja sereh. Pisang cokelat is almost identical to Philippines turon, except in this Indonesian version chocolate content is a must.
The much smaller and drier lumpia with similar beef or prawn floss filling is called sumpia. Its diameter is about the same as human finger. In Indonesia, the most common filling for sumpia is ebi or dried shrimp floss , spiced with coriander, lemon leaf, garlic and shallot. These miniature lumpias are deep fried in ample of palm oil until golden brown and crispy. Sumpia has a more crunchy and drier texture, and often consumed as a savoury kue snack.
Lumpia were introduced to the Philippines by early Hokkien immigrants and traders from Fujian during the 17th century. They have been thoroughly nativized to Philippine cuisine and are found throughout the islands. They use various fillings inspired by local ingredients and dishes, and the later cuisines of Spain, China, and the United States.
Filipino lumpia can be differentiated from other Asian spring roll versions in that they use a paper-thin wrapper made from just flour, water, and salt. They were also traditionally slender and long, with a shape roughly similar to that of cigars or cigarillos, though modern versions can come in various shapes and sizes. The thinness of the crêpe and the shape of the lumpia give them a relatively denser wrapping that nevertheless remain flaky and light in texture. They are also traditionally dipped in agre dulce (sweet and sour sauce), vinegar-based sauces, banana ketchup, or sweet chili sauce. Fresh lumpia, however, have wrappers which are more crêpe-like and thicker due to the addition of eggs (though still thinner than other Asian versions). They are closer in texture to the original Chinese versions and were traditionally made with rice flour which makes them chewier. Various kinds of lumpia, fried or fresh, are ubiquitous in Filipino celebrations like fiestas or Christmas.
Filipino lumpia also have a unique and extremely popular dessert subcategory, the turón. These lumpia variants are either cooked with a glazing of caramelized sugar, sprinkled with granular sugar, or drizzled in latík (coconut caramel), a syrup, or honey. Turón are traditionally filled with ripe saba bananas and jackfruit, but they can also be made with a wide variety of other sweet fillings, from sweet potato to ube.
Another dessert lumpia, Daral (called Balolon among the Maranao) originates from the Tausūg people in Mindanao. The wrapper is made from unsweetened, ground glutinous rice and coconut milk (galapóng), and is filled with sweetened coconut meat (hinti).
Dinamita or "dynamite lumpia" is a deep-fried variant stuffed with a whole chili pepper wrapped in a thin egg crêpe. The stuffing is usually giniling (ground beef or pork), cheese, and spices, but it can also be adapted to use a wide variety of other ingredients, including tocino, hamón, bacon, and shredded chicken. It is commonly eaten as an appetizer or as a companion to beer.
Lumpiang gulay ("vegetable spring roll") usually consists of various chopped vegetables and a small amount of pork or shrimp. The types of vegetables can vary greatly, even including ingredients rarely used in lumpia, like tomatoes. It is a fried version. It is not vegetarian by default, but vegan and vegetarian versions can be made from the basic recipe.
Lumpiang hubád ("naked spring roll") is lumpiang sariwà (fresh lumpia) served without the crêpe wrapping. The lack of a wrapper technically does not make lumpia, but is an alternative way of serving fresh lumpia's traditional fillings.
Lumpiang isdâ ("fish lumpia") is filled primarily with fish flakes and fried. It is also known as lumpiang galunggóng (blackfin scad), lumpiang bangús (milkfish), lumpiang tulingán (yellowfin tuna), etc., depending on the type of fish used. A common version of this combines fish flakes with malunggay (moringa) leaves.
Lumpiang keso, more commonly known as "cheese lumpia" or "cheese sticks", is deep-fried lumpia with a slice of cheese (often cheddar) as filling. It is usually served with a dipping sauce made of banana ketchup and mayonnaise.
Lumpiang labóng is similar to lumpiang ubód but is made with labóng (bamboo shoot), rather than heart of palm, making it more like the Indonesian lumpiang rebung. It can be eaten fresh or fried.
Lumpiang prito ("fried spring roll"), is the generic name for a subclass of lumpia that is fried. It usually refers to lumpiang gulay or lumpiang togue. They can come in sizes as small as lumpiang shanghai or as big as lumpiang sariwà. It is usually eaten with vinegar and chili peppers, or a mixture of soy sauce and calamansi juice known as toyomansî.
Lumpiang sariwà (Tagalog: "fresh spring roll") or "fresh lumpia", consists of minced vegetables and/or various pre-cooked meat or seafood and jicama (singkamás) as an extender, encased in a double wrapping of lettuce leaf and a yellowish egg crêpe. Egg is often used as a binding agent for the wrap. The accompanying sauce is made from chicken or pork stock, a starch mixture, crushed and roasted peanuts, and fresh garlic. This variety is not fried and is usually around five centimetres in diameter and 15 centimetres in length. It is derived from the original Chinese popiah.
Lumpiang Shanghai is regarded as the most widespread type of lumpia and the most commonly served in Filipino gatherings. It is characteristically filled with sautéed ground pork, minced onion, carrots, and spices, with the mixture sometimes held together by beaten egg. It has numerous variants that contain other ingredients like green peas, kintsáy (Chinese parsley) or raisins. Lumpiang Shanghai is commonly served with agre dulce, but ketchup (tomato or banana) and vinegar are popular alternatives. This variant is typically smaller than other lumpia. Despite the name, it did not originate in Shanghai or China.
This version of lumpiang gulay is filled primarily with bean sprouts (togue) and various other vegetables such as string beans and carrots. Small morsels of meat, seafood or tofu may be added. Though it is the least expensive of the variants, the preparation the cutting of vegetables and meats into small pieces and pre-cooking these can be taxing and labor-intensive. It is a fried version.
Lumpiang ubód is a variation made of julienned ubód (heart of the coconut tree) as the main ingredient. They can be fried or served as lumpiang sariwà. It originates from Silay, Negros Occidental, where a variant, lumpiang Silay, is still popular.
A type of lumpia where the filling consists of pancit, a popular Filipino noodle dish. Most likely created from the turo-turo or karinderias that have leftover pancit, often the sótanghon (mung bean noodle) or bihon (rice noodle varieties, as fillers within the lumpia.
Turón, also known as lumpiang saging, banana lumpia, or banana rolls, is a golden-brown snack that is usually made of sliced saba bananas and jackfruit or cheese in a lumpia wrapper, sprinkled with brown sugar, and deep-fried. It is sometimes paired with ice cream or pancake syrup. This snack is sold in the streets of most cities in the country alongside maruya, banana cue, and camote cue. Different variants have emerged using different ingredients: such as manggáng turón (mango), kamote turon (sweet potato), turón de maní (peanut), chocolate turón, and ube turon or turón halayá (mashed purple yam).
In the Netherlands, lumpia is called loempia, an old Indonesian spelling. It was introduced to the Netherlands through its colonial links with Indonesia. In the Netherlands, loempia is described as a large Indonesian version of Chinese spring rolls, stuffed with minced meat, bean sprouts, and cabbage leaves, and flavoured with soy sauce, garlic and green onion. Loempia is one of the popular snacks sold in Dutch snack bar or eetcafé.
The loempidel (or Vietnamese frikandel) is a variant of the loempia introduced in March 2019 by the Dutch food company Vanreusel, its name is a portmanteau of "loempia" and "frikandel". The snack consists of a frikandel with sweet sauce wrapped in a coat of phyllo, the phyllo coat being similar to that of another Dutch snack known as the Vietnamese loempia.
Filipino lumpia wrappers generally come in two variants. The most common variant used mostly for fried lumpia is made from just flour, water, salt, and optionally cornstarch. This type of wrapper is characteristically paper-thin, much thinner than other spring roll wrappers. The ingredients are mixed into a wet dough, then left to stand for a few hours before cooking. A ball of dough is taken with one hand and smeared into a heated large flat metal plate greased with oil until a very thin circular film of it adheres to the pan and fries. It is cooked for a few seconds then quickly taken out and left to dry.
For "fresh" (non-fried) lumpia, the wrappers are usually made with egg in addition to the other basic ingredients (and it may use rice flour). This essentially turns it into a thin egg crêpe. It is still thinner than other spring roll variants, but much thicker and softer than variants made from just flour and water.
In modern mass production, Filipino lumpia wrappers are generally made by automated assembly-line machines similar to those used to make spring roll wrappers, differing only in the recipe and the thickness of the wrapper. It uses a revolving drum.
Vegan versions of the wrapper exclude eggs, and is instead just made with flour, salt, and water, which results in a thinner translucent wrap. These are also sealed with water, not an egg wash.
Lumpia have such enduring popularity that one can see at least one variant in almost any set of Filipino or Indonesian festivities. Despite its Chinese origin, in United States lumpia is associated with Filipino cuisine, while in Europe, especially in the Netherlands, it is associated with Indonesian cuisine, owed to their shared colonial links. The distinct taste and ease of preparation (the Shanghai variant at least) have caused lumpia to be one of the staple food products on the menus of many Filipino restaurants in the United States and around the world.
- Bakpia (Hopia)
- Egg roll
- Spring roll
- Gỏi cuốn
- Chả giò
- Javanese cuisine
- Chinese Indonesian cuisine
- Filipino Chinese cuisine
- List of stuffed dishes
- Tony Tan. "Indonesian spring rolls (Lumpia)". Gourmet Traveller Australia. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
- Foodspotting (March 18, 2014). The Foodspotting Field Guide. Chronicle Books LLC. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-4521-3008-8.
- Amy Besa; Romy Dorotan (2014). Memories of Philippine Kitchens. Abrams. ISBN 9781613128084.
- "照過來！清明到呷潤餅" [Picture it! Qingming Festival to lunpia]. TVBS (in Chinese). March 31, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- "清明吃润饼你知道来历吗？ 美味润饼菜咋做?" [Do you know the origin of Qingming eating lunpia?]. 闽南网 (Minnan Net) (in Chinese). April 1, 2016. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- Koene, Ada Henne (2006). Food Shopper's Guide to Holland. Eburon Uitgeverij B.V. p. 140. ISBN 9789059720923.
Lumpia Indonesian spring rolls.
- Nasution, Pepy (February 18, 2010). "Lumpia Semarang Recipe (Semarang Style Springroll)". Indonesia Eats. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- Abby. "Lumpiang Shanghai (Filipino Spring Rolls)". Manila Spoon.
- Prasetyowati, Novita Desy (August 19, 2018). "Mengenal 5 Jenis Lumpia di Berbagai Wilayah Indonesia, Ada yang Dibakar!". www.grid.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 26, 2020.
- Wu, Olivia (January 10, 2011). "Full-moon feast". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Heinz Von Holzen (2014). A New Approach to Indonesian Cooking. Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 9789814634953. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- VIVA, PT VIVA MEDIA BARU- (February 11, 2019). "RESEP: Lumpia Basah Bandung, Kudapan Sehat Bikin Ngiler". www.viva.co.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- Snack Box (in Indonesian). PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. p. 33. ISBN 9789792245325. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Jajaran Lumpia di Surabaya, Camilan Enak untuk Ganjal Perut Saat Jelajah". Traveling Yuk (in Indonesian). March 14, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
- Sri Owen (2014). Sri Owen's Indonesian Food. Pavilion Books. ISBN 9781909815476. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- Yuen, Dina (2013). Indonesian Cooking: Satays, Sambals and More. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462908530. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Lumpia Ayam". Tasty Indonesian food.
- Christina Andhika Setyanti (April 11, 2016). "'Lumpia Mutiara' Lumpia Legendaris dari Malioboro". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian).
- "Lumpia Sayur (Vegetarian Spring Rolls or Egg Rolls)". Indonesian Cooking 101.
- "Resep Lumpia mercon oleh Dapur_macio". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- Yuyun A. (2010). 38 Inspirasi Usaha Makanan Minuman untuk Home Industry Modal di Bawah 5 Juta (in Indonesian). AgroMedia. ISBN 9789790062719. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "4 Lumpia istimewa ciri khas berbagai kota di nusantara, tak cuma dari Semarang". merdeka.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 26, 2020.
- "Mencicipi Lumpia Tahu Wortel, Camilan Renyah Paling Enak Dimakan Pakai Rawit". iNews.ID (in Indonesian). August 7, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- "Resep Lumpia Telur (Jajanan SD) oleh vnsachta". Cookpad (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Indoculinaire Hunter (September 15, 2019). "Resep lumpia jantung pisang, gurih dan krispy, banana blossom recipe". www.youtube.com. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
- "Resep Seafood:Lumpia Udang Mayones". detikfood (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- "Easy Chocolate Banana Spring Rolls". Much Butter. September 9, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- "5 Cara Membuat Pisang Coklat Lumer, Enak dan Gampang Banget". merdeka.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Tri Hagung. "Membuat Piscok (Pisang Coklat)". Kompasiana (in Indonesian). Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Trademarks, PT Ajinomto Indonesia, All. "Sumpia Ebi". Dapur Umami. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- "Filipino Lumpia Recipe". Chef Pablo's. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- Dwyer, A.E. "Everything you need to know about Asian egg rolls". The Takeout. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- Santanachote, Perry. "Beyond Egg Rolls: 9 Spring Rolls Everyone Should Know About". Thrillist. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- "Turon (Filipino Fried Banana Rolls)". The Little Epicurean. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- Madarang, Rhea Claire (May 27, 2018). "Sweet tradition: A peek at Tausug treats". Rappler. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- Polistico, Edgie. "daral". Philippine Food Illustrated. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- Polistico, Edgie. "Barako finger (dynamite chili stick)". Philippine Food Illustrated. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "Dinamita (Dynamite Spring Rolls)". Pinoy Kusinero. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "Love Lumpia? These Lumpia Recipes Are All You Need". Yummy.ph. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- Merano, Vanjo. "Lumpiang Gulay (Vegetable Egg Roll Recipe)". Panlasang Pinoy. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Filipino Lumpia recipe – the vegetarian version of the original ghetto meat filled spring roll". vegetarian yums. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
- "Fish Lumpia (Tulingan) with Malunggay". Yummy Recipes. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Lumpiang Isda (Fish Spring Roll) Recipe". FilipinoFoodRecipes.org. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "RECIPE: Lumpiang bangus with singkamas". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Lumpiang Galunggong". Kawaling Pinoy. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Filipino Cheese Sticks". The Not So Creative Cook. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Veneracion, Connie. "Lumpiang labong (bamboo shoots spring rolls)". Casa Veneracion. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Lumpia-Stuffed Wrappers (Lumpia Labong)". Genius Kitchen. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- Gapultos, Marvin (2013). The Adobo Road Cookbook: A Filipino Food Journey. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 9781462911691.
- Besa, Amy; Dorotan, Romy (2014). Memories of Philippine Kitchens. Abrams. ISBN 9781613128084.
- "Lumpiang Shanghai (Filipino Spring Rolls)". Manila Spoon. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Lumpiang Singkamas Recipe". PinoyRecipe.net. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Lumpiang Togue (Bean Sprout Spring Rolls) Recipe". FilipinoFoodRecipes.org. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Ngo Yong or Ngohiong (Cebu Style Lumpia with Five Spice Powder) a la Marketman". Market Manila. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- "Authentic Turon Recipe". tasteatlas. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
- "Kamote Turon – Lumpiang Kamote (Sweet Potato Roll) Recipe". Savvy Nana's. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- Savage, Emilou. "Ube Halaya Lumpia (Filipino Purple Yam Dessert Spring Rolls)". Colorado Springs Independent. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- Ellen den Hollander (March 8, 2019). "Loempidel ligt straks tussen de kroketten en de frikandellen" (in Dutch). Algemeen Dagblad. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
- "Marketman's Quest For The Thinnest Lumpia Wrappers…". Market Manila. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Lumpia Wrappers (Spring Roll Wrappers)". ChefLolasKitchen. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
- "Filipino Spring Rolls Special Made From Jollibee". Ready-Market Online. Anko Food Machine Co., Ltd. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Vegetable Lumpiang Shanghai". Simply Bakings. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
- Enriquez, Richgail. "The Happy Home Cook: Vegetable Lumpiang Shanghai". Positively Filipino. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
- Carey Jones (March 14, 2016). "9 Filipino Dishes You Need to Know". Zagat. Google Inc. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
Paolo Espanola (October 14, 2016). "How To Navigate A Filipino Restaurant Menu". Thrillist. Group Nine Media Inc. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
|Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lumpia.|