Lumsden, Newfoundland and Labrador

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Lumsden
Cat Harbour
Town
Lumsden, Newfoundland.jpg
Lumsden is located in Newfoundland
Lumsden
Lumsden
Location of Lumsden in Newfoundland
Coordinates: 49°16′58.8″N 53°37′1.2″W / 49.283000°N 53.617000°W / 49.283000; -53.617000
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Incorporated 1968
Government
 • Mayor Larry Parsons
Area
 • Total 20.43 km2 (7.89 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 533
 • Density 26.1/km2 (68/sq mi)
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Postal code span A0G 3E0
Area code(s) 709

The community of Lumsden, formerly known as Cat Harbour, is located on the Straight Shore of Newfoundland and Labrador near communities such as Musgrave Harbour and Newtown. Lumsden was formerly made up of two settlements, Lumsden North on the tip of a sandy peninsula and Lumsden South on the main road. Although the harbour in Lumsden is not ideal because it is not sheltered, Lumsden does have great fishing grounds.[2]

History[edit]

Lumsden, then called Cat Harbour, was visited as early as the 18th century by French fishermen because of its good inshore fishing grounds. On an early French map, Lumsden was named Hav. Dechire, or Wrecking Harbour.[3] It was a part of the French Shore until 1783.

In an 1836 census, the population was recorded as 97 for Lumsden and Cape Freels combined. The population of Lumsden increased as the migratory fishery declined because people began to settle permanently. The name was changed from Cat Harbour to Lumsden in 1917 after the Rev. James Lumsden. The economy in Lumsden was based on the Labrador fishery, inshore fishery, seal fishery, and woods work. There was also a small boat fishery which trucked the fish to the community of Valleyfield. The people of Lumsden were avid supporters of the Fisherman's Protective Union, a local council was formed in 1901 and a union store was built in 1912 and was open until 1932. The first highroad in Lumsden was built in 1952, and a regional high school was built ten years later in 1962. Eventually Lumsden North and South merged when the North settlement was vacated, and the town of Lumsden was incorporated in 1968.[3]

Church history[edit]

The first people in Lumsden were Church of England and Roman Catholic. The nearest missionary was Rev. Coster in Greenspond. He first visited Lumsden in June 1832 and he baptized eleven children. The Rev. Gilchrist visited Lumsden twice a year during his mission in Greenspond, and the Rev. Julian Moreton also visited and recorded it in his journal and reports.[4] The Methodist population began to increase in the 1850s and by the 20th century Methodism was dominant in Lumsden. The first Methodist church was built by 1898 but it burned down in 1915. The first Jehovah's Witnesses in Newfoundland were in Lumsden North in 1917, started by a local merchant Wesley Howell. A school room was opened in 1859 with a Mr. Moses Davis as the teacher, a new school came in 1910.[3]

Census information[edit]

1845 1857 1869 1874
population 146 199 202 183
inhabited houses 18 26 28 26
families - 30 34 30
Church of England 120 167 112 88
Roman Catholic 26 11 31 28
Wesleyan/Methodist 0 21 59 67
not attending school - - 65 112
can read and write - - - 32
seamen/fishermen 55 54 39 32
merchants/traders - 2 - 1
catching/curing fish - 117 56 51
stores/barns/outhouses - 17 20 29
fishing rooms in use - 19 17 20
total boats 21 25 45 43
nets and seines 8 27 43 61
cod fish cured (qtls) - 3700 - 2545
salmon (tes) - - - 5
herring (brls) - - - 20
vessels in seal fishery - 1 1 1
men on board - 6 7 8
tonnage - 25 28 29
sealing nets 1 - -
oil produced (Galls) - 3554 - 2002
tons of hay - 19.5 18 25.5
barrels of potatoes 200 734 711 374
barrels of turnip - - 2 26
cattle/cows - 19 29 30
horses - 3 1 5
swine/goats - 6 29 16
butter produced (lbs) - 172 - 570

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community highlights for Lumsden, NL". Statistics Canada. 2006 Census. Retrieved 2008-02-03.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ W.G Handcock and C.W. Sanger, Outports on the Northeast Coast of Newfoundland, 1981.
  3. ^ a b c Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "encyclopedia" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ Naboth Winsor, Through Peril, Toil and Pain

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°16′59″N 53°37′01″W / 49.283°N 53.617°W / 49.283; -53.617