Lumut, Brunei

Coordinates: 4°39′22″N 114°26′02″E / 4.656°N 114.434°E / 4.656; 114.434
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Kampong Lumut
View from Lumut Hill in 2023
View from Lumut Hill in 2023
Lumut, Brunei is located in Brunei
Lumut, Brunei
Location in Brunei
Coordinates: 4°39′22″N 114°26′02″E / 4.656°N 114.434°E / 4.656; 114.434
CountryBrunei Daurssalam
 • Village headTaib Salleh (Lumut I)[1]
Khairdon Dahlan (Lumut II)[2]
Ahmad Mahmud (RPN Lumut)[3]
 • Total11,273
Time zoneUTC+8 (BNT)

Kampong Lumut (Malay: Kampung Lumut) or commonly known as Lumut, is a coastal settlement in Belait District, Brunei Daurssalam, about 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the district town Kuala Belait. The total population was 11,273 in 2016.[a]


The name Kampong Lumut is derived from a species of plant called lumut (moss) that thrives all over the village, especially in Kuala Sungai (now Sungai Lumut), prior to the construction of the Brunei LNG (BLNG) plant, according to sources obtained from the Heritage Magazine, which the Brunei History Centre published in September–December 2014 (the location in question is now the location of the BLNG Company building). Moss, also known as a bryophyte, is a kind of tiny, soft plant that grows in wet or shaded regions, and can range in size from one to ten centimetres. At that time, villagers made kapok from moss plants to use as pillows and beds. The residents gave the village the appellation Kampong Lumut as this plant grabbed not only the interest of the villagers, but also those from beyond the region.[4]


Archaeological evidence found in Lumut suggests that human activity had existed in the area as early as the fourteenth century; Chinese and Siamese potteries dateable to the time corresponding to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) had been unearthed in the vicinity of the Lumut River.[5][6] However, the characteristics of the evidence suggests that the site was for burial rather than residential purpose.[5][6]

In the 1980s, the number of people began to increase with the migration of people who had retired from government and private services, and chose to build houses and then reside in Lumut. At the same time, public facilities began to be built and improved such as roads, schools, post offices for the convenience and well-being of the population.[7]


Chestnut munia pictured in Kampong Sungai Tali.

For sub-division purposes, the area is divided into two villages, namely Kampong Lumut I ('one') and Kampong Lumut II ('two'), where each is overseen by a village head (ketua kampung). The village head of Kampong Lumut I oversees the following census villages:[citation needed]

Pengiran Anak Puteri Hajah Rashidah Sa'adatul Bolkiah Secondary School.
village population
Kampong Agis-Agis 270 KC3335
Kampong Lumut 233 KC2935
Kampong Lumut Tersusun 1,020 KC4135
Kampong Sungai Bakong 1,451 KC4535
Kampong Sungai Kang 113 KC3735
Kampong Sungai Kuru 352 KC3935
Kampong Sungai Lalit 369 KC3535
total 3,808

Meanwhile, the village head of Kampong Lumut II oversees the following census villages:[citation needed]

village population
Kampong Sungai Tali 1,051 KC4935
Kampong Sungai Kayu Ara KC3135
Kampong Sungai Taring 982 KC4735
Lumut Camp 811 KC5735
RPN Lumut Area 1 2,040 KC5135
RPN Lumut Area 2 2,581 KC5335
total 7,465

Kampong Lumut I and Kampong Lumut II, including the constituent census villages, are among the village subdivisions under Mukim Liang.[10]


As of 2018, there are 3,521 Bruneian Malays, 593 Chinese, 339 Ibans, and other races represented among Kampong Lumut I's inhabitants.[4] Kampung Lumut II has a total population of 5,112 consisting of 2,315 males and 2,797 females.[11] Some religious beliefs and customs are followed by residents in the village such as Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, and those who are not religious, and most of them work with the government and private sector and some are self-employed such as business, farming, and fishing.[7]


Brunei LNG terminal.


The village is connected via Jalan Kampong Lumut and Telisai–Lumut Highway. The three locations for Belait's feeder hub stations have been determined by the Land Transport Department (LTD), allowing residents who live distant from Seria and Kuala Belait to be more linked between the two towns. The three locations are a space close to Kampong Sungai Liang Mosque, a space outside the entrance to the Lumut National Housing Plan (RPN) along the Telisai–Lumut Highway, and a space inside the School of Science and Engineering campus for the other Kampong Lumut residents. In order for passengers to board the intra-district buses traveling to the bus terminals in Seria and Kuala Belait, feeder buses will drop them off at designated locations near the RPN Lumut, Kampong Lumut, and Mukim Liang.[12]


Gerai Aneka Jetty Lumut is close to the mouth of Lumut River, which gave rise to a variety of activities, and is located immediately off the old Jalan Kampong Lumut road leading to the Tutong and Brunei-Muara districts. Providing a location to support the activities, the area underwent a transformation with a small shelter to house the booths tended by local entrepreneurs and their businesses.

The Brunei LNG terminal at Lumut is constructed from a 430 metres (1,410 feet) new side berth and a 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) jetty that extends from the LNG facility.[13]


Lumut Lighthouse.

The Lumut Camp (Perkhemahan Lumut) is the sole military base in the district, home to the Royal Brunei Land Force (RBLF) Third Battalion (3Bn) since 21 June 2007.[14]

Residents of Mukim Labi's inner parts also receive water supplies from the Sungai Liang water treatment facility in Kampong Agis-Agis.[15]

The Lumut Lighthouse sits at the coast of Kampong Sungai Kayu Ara, facing the beach.[16]

In the district, the summit of Lumut Hill (Bukit Lumut) is used as the observation point for the month of Ramadan.[17]

The village also has its own post office.[18]


The area encompasses RPN Lumut, a public housing estate. At a presentation ceremony held at the multi-purpose hall of the Liang Lumut Recreational Club, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah presented over 180 residents of the district with land grants under the Temporary Occupation Licence (TOL) Scheme for Belait District, and house keys under the Kampong Lumut / Liang National Housing Scheme during Hari Raya in 2010. The Kampong Lumut / Sungai Liang National Housing Scheme's Phases One and Two saw the construction of 294 homes, and the distribution of 164 land lots to qualified residents.[19]


The local primary schools include Lumut Primary School and Sungai Tali Primary School. Lumut Primary School also houses Lumut Religious School, a sekolah ugama or school for the country's Islamic religious primary education. Another sekolah ugama in the area is Sungai Taring Primary School, located in a separate building adjacent to Sungai Tali Primary School.

Lumut is also home to the following educational institutions:


Zainab Mosque.

Zainab Mosque is the sole village mosque; it was inaugurated by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah on 22 May 1998.[22] It can accommodate 2,000 worshippers.[22] The mosque was constructed by a private individual, and then assigned to the religious department for upkeep. Rumour has it that the builder of this mosque was a wealthy man from Seria who had lost his daughter while she was studying in the United Kingdom.[23]


The area is home to Lumut Beach, a public beach recreational area.[24] The area has restrooms, a playground, and barbecue pits. From Liang Lumut Recreation Centre, it is a two-minute drive.[25]

It is also home to Liang Lumut Recreation Club (LLRC), which has a multipurpose hall and a small waterpark.[26]

The space of Aneka Gerai Jetty Lumut was changed to include a small shelter to house the booths handled by neighbourhood business owners and their enterprises, providing a comfortable and handy venue to support the activities. The Welfare and Community Bureau of the Village Consultative Council (MPK) of Kampong Lumut II came up with the idea for this specific shelter, with the intention of offering a focal point for activities, and exhibiting the surrounding area.[27]


Like other villages around the nation, Kampong Lumut is actively working to improve the quality of its local goods, by heeding and supporting the Ministry of Home Affairs' appeal to make the One Village One Product Programme (1K1P) a success. Traditional sweets like bahulu and sapit are among the goods created by the residents through the Majlis Perundingan Kampung (MPK). These folks frequently take part in exhibitions organised in this nation, and several wooden souvenirs are also displayed at international exhibitions abroad.[4]

Brunei LNG plant.


The Brunei LNG plant, a 130-hectare (320-acre) liquified natural gas (LNG) plant, with annual production capacity of 6.7 million tonnes. The intended 20-year supply promise for the project was met by the 130-hectare complex. There has been a complete plant rejuvenation that has cost more than B$500 million over the course of the final five years of this arrangement. All of the plant's principal components, including the five liquefaction trains and their related buildings, were renovated as part of the revitalisation. Additionally, two new storage tanks and a new loading jetty were built.[28]


Fishermen from Liang are concerned about the Lumut River's reduction in water levels, since they have to push their boats through crocodile-infested waters on foot. Despite the abundance of fish that has been available to Belait fisherman recently, dry weather has resulted in lower than typical river tides.[29]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ a b See Administration section.


  1. ^ "Direktori Penghulu, Ketua Kampung, dan Ketua Rumah Panjang - Awang Taib Bin Haji Salleh". Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  2. ^ "Direktori Penghulu, Ketua Kampung, dan Ketua Rumah Panjang - Awang Haji Khairdon Bin Haji Dahlan". Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  3. ^ "Direktori Penghulu, Ketua Kampung, dan Ketua Rumah Panjang - Pengiran Ahmad Bin Pengran Haji Mahmud". Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  4. ^ a b c KOMPILASI RENCANA KNK 2018 (PDF) (in Malay). Kenali Negera Kitani. 2018. pp. 38–43.
  5. ^ a b Omar, Matussin (1981). Archaeological excavations in protohistoric Brunei. Muzium Brunei. pp. 66–67.
  6. ^ a b "15th century artifacts found in Lumut". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  7. ^ a b KOMPILASI RENCANA KNK 2014 (PDF) (in Malay). Kenali Negera Kitani. 2014. pp. 23–28.
  8. ^ a b "Population and Housing Census update final report 2016" (PDF). Department of Statistics. December 2018. p. 139. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Buku Poskod Edisi Kedua (Kemaskini 26 Disember 2018)" (PDF). (in Malay). Brunei Postal Services Department. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  10. ^ "Lawatan Kerja Menteri HEDN Ke Daerah Belait". (in Malay). 10 April 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  11. ^ KOMPILASI RENCANA KNK 2017 (PDF) (in Malay). Kenali Negera Kitani. 2017. pp. 87–90.
  12. ^ "Feeder hub stations for Belait bus network identified". The BT Archive. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  13. ^ "Brunei LNG Sendirian Berhad - Lumut Terminal" (PDF). Brunei LNG. p. 5.
  14. ^ "New Lumut Camp celebrates Nisfu Syaaban". Ministry of Defence Brunei Darussalam. 2007. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2009.
  15. ^ "Berangkat melawat sekolah menengah dan Projek RPN Lumut" (PDF). Pelita Brunei (in Malay). No. 58 #36 (published 25 March 2013). Jabatan Penerangan. 23 March 2013. p. 13. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  16. ^ "His Majesty visits Belait District". 24 May 2006. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  17. ^ "Berita 2015 - Merukyah anak bulan Ramadan di Bukit Lumut..." Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  18. ^ "Brunei Postal Services - Lumut". Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  19. ^ "Best Raya gift for subjects". 10 August 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  20. ^ a b "Berangkat melawat sekolah menengah dan Projek RPN Lumut" (PDF). Pelita Brunei (in Malay). No. 58 #36 (published 25 March 2013). Jabatan Penerangan. 23 March 2013. p. 13. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  21. ^ Saerah Haji Abdul Ghani (11 March 2015). "Transformasi pendidikan di bawah IBTE giat dilaksanakan" (PDF). Pelita Brunei (in Malay). No. 60 #32 (published 16 March 2015). Jabatan Penerangan. p. 8. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  22. ^ a b "SenaraiMasjid - Masjid Zainab". (in Malay). Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  23. ^ Sapiee, Radzi (22 November 2010). "SENI LAMA MELAYU (MALAY OLDEN ART): Masjid (Mosque of) Zainab, Lumut, Brunei". Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  24. ^ "Over 1,000kg of garbage cleared from Lumut Beach". Green Brunei. 9 October 2022. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  25. ^ Bracken, David (24 May 2014). "Taman Peranginan Pantai Lumut". Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  26. ^ "Liang Lumut Recreation Club (LLRC) 🇧🇳". WorldPlaces. Retrieved 25 May 2022.
  27. ^ "A little help goes a long way". Borneo Bulletin Online. 26 November 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  28. ^ "The Plant". Brunei LNG Sendirian Berhad. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  29. ^ "Fishermen concerned over low tide". The BT Archive. Retrieved 20 January 2023.