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LunaNet is envisioned as a network of cooperating networks (network of networks, akin to the terrestrial Internet) upon which providers can deliver communications, navigation, and other services for users on and around the Moon. LunaNet is based on a framework of mutually agreed-upon standards, protocols, and interface specifications that enable interoperability. LunaNet is intended to allow many lunar mission users to engage the services of diverse commercial and government service providers in an open and evolvable architecture. LunaNet Service Providers (LNSPs) can include communications, messaging, data transmission and distribution of position, navigation, timing, and situational awareness information.

LunaNet can be implemented by LNSPs as part of the earliest missions and accommodate expansion as new users and service providers come online. Many nations, agencies, and private companies can contribute to and participate in the establishment and operation of LunaNet-compatible services. Just as the terrestrial Internet has public and private networks, LunaNet will have public and private networks. Private networks may be separated out by a combination of physical connectivity and/or policy and security implementations.

Moonlight is an ESA project intending to adopt the specifications.[1][2]

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