Lunar Polar Exploration Mission
|Names||Lunar Polar Exploration |
|Mission type||Lunar lander, rover|
|Operator||ISRO / JAXA|
|Mission duration||6 months (planned)|
Launcher and rover: JAXA
|Launch mass||≈6,000 kg (13,000 lb) |
|Payload mass||≈500 kg (1,100 lb) |
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||Suggested: 2024|
|Launch site||LA-Y, Tanegashima|
|Landing site||South polar region|
The Lunar Polar Exploration Mission is a robotic lunar mission concept by the Japan's space agency JAXA and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) that would send a lunar rover and lander to explore the south pole region of the Moon in 2024. JAXA is likely to provide the under-development H3 launch vehicle and the rover, while ISRO would be responsible for the lander.
The mission concept has not yet been formally proposed for funding and planning.
In November 2019, ISRO officials stated that a new lunar lander mission was being studied for launch in November 2020; this new proposal is called Chandrayaan-3 and it would be performed by ISRO alone as a repeat attempt to demonstrate the landing capabilities needed for the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission proposed in partnership with Japan in 2024.
The Lunar Polar Exploration Mission would demonstrate new surface exploration technologies related to vehicular transport and lunar night survival for sustainable lunar exploration in polar regions. For precision landing it would utilize feature matching algorithm and navigational equipment derived from JAXA's SLIM mission. The lander's payload capacity would be nearly 500 kg (1,100 lb), and would include a 1.5 m (4.9 ft) drill to collect sub-surface samples. Water prospecting and analysis are likely to be mission objectives. Payload proposals from other space agencies might be sought.
On 24 September 2019, in a joint statement by JAXA and NASA discussed possibility of NASA's participation as well.
- After Mars, ISRO to Set a Date with Venus. Trak. Malvika Gurung. 20 May 2019.
- After Reaching Mars, India's Date With Venus In 2023 Confirmed, Says ISRO. U. Tejonmayam, India Times. 18 May 2019.
- "国際協力による月探査計画への参画に向けて参考資料" (PDF). MEXT.jp. 29 August 2019. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "月離着陸実証（HERACLES)ミッションの紹介 と検討状況" (PDF). 28 January 2019. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- Shimbun, The Yomiuri (2019-07-30). "Japan, India to team up in race to discover water on moon". The Japan News. Retrieved 2019-07-30.
- "India's next Moon shot will be bigger, in pact with Japan". The Times of India. 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
For our next mission — Chandrayaan-3 — which will be accomplished in collaboration with JAXA (Japanese Space Agency), we will invite other countries too to participate with their payloads.
- "Episode 82: Jaxa and International Collaboration with Professor Fujimoto Masaki". AstrotalkUK. 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- Hoshino, Takeshi; Ohtake, Makiko; Karouji, Yuzuru; Shiraishi, Hiroaki (May 2019). "Current status of a Japanese lunar polar exploration mission". Archived from the original on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- ISRO planning 7 interplanetary missions, Venus on the to-do list. Sidharth MP, DNA. 18 May 2019.
- https://thewire.in/space/isro-chandrayaan-3-lunar-lander-rover-gaganyaan ISRO Will Embark on Chandrayaan 3 by November 2020 for Another Landing Attempt. The Wire. 14 November 2019.
- Sasaki, Hiroshi (17 June 2019). "JAXA's Lunar Exploration Activities" (PDF). UNOOSA. p. 8. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- NASA Exploration Science Forum 2019 - Masaki Fujimoto. Event occurs at 3 minute 6 seconds.
- Spaceflight, Meghan Bartels 2019-10-23T13:00:22Z. "Japan Sets Sights on Moon with NASA and India". Space.com. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
- Six-day cruise lies ahead for India's Chandrayaan-2 probe before the real lunar shenanigans begin. Richard Speed, The Register. 14 August 2019.
- "JAXA | Joint Statement on Cooperation in Lunar Exploration". JAXA | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Retrieved 2019-10-14.