Lunavada State

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Lunavada State
લુણાવાડા રિયાસત
लुनाव्दा रियासत
Princely State of British India
1434–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Lunavada
Lunavada State (violet) within Rewa Kantha Agency, British India
Capital Lunavada
History
 •  Established 1434
 •  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 1,005 km2 (388 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 63,967 
Density 63.6 /km2  (164.8 /sq mi)

Lunavada State, also known as Lunawada State, was a princely state in India during the time of the British Raj. Its last ruler acceded to the Union of India on 10 June 1948.

Lunavada State had an area of 1,005 km²[1] and fell under the Rewa Kantha Agency of the Bombay Presidency, later integrated into the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency. Its capital was located in Lunavada town in present-day Gujarat state, India.

History[edit]

According to tradition the predecessor state was established in 1225 by descendants of Sidhraj, Raja of Anhilwara Patan, as the state of Virpur. In 1434, Rana Bhimsinghji moved the capital to Lunavada on the other side of the Mahi river. Before the town was established, the area was controlled by the princely state of Santrampur, ruled by Puwar Rajputs.

In 1826 Lunavada State became a British protectorate and was a second class state in the Rewa Kantha Agency. The capital was Lunavada town, said to have been founded in 1434.[2] The 1901 census records that the population had a decrease of 28% in the previous decade, due to famine.[3][2]

Col. HH Maharaja Sri Virbhadrasinhji Ranjitsinjhi 1929/1986, born 8 June 1910 in Lunawada, invested with full ruling powers on 2 October 1930, Member of the Chamber of Princes, married Maharajkumari Manher Kunwari [HH Maharani Kusum Kunwari of Lunawada], daughter of Capt. HH Maharana Raj Saheb Shri Sir Amarsinhji Banesinhji (Gangubha) of Wankaner, and had issue. He died in 1986.

Rulers[edit]

The state was ruled by Rajputs belonging to the Solanki dynasty. One important ruler was Wakhat Singhhji (1867–1919).[4] The rulers had the title 'Rana' and were accorded a status of 9-gun salute by the British authorities.[5]

Ranas[edit]

  • 1674 - 1711 Bir Singh (d. 1711)
  • 1711 - 1735 Nar Singh (d. 1735)
  • 1735 - 1757 Wakhat Singh (d. 1757)
  • 1757 - 1782 Dip Singh (d. 1782)
  • 1782 - 1786 Durjan Singh (d. 1786)
  • 1786 Jagat Singh
  • 1786 - 1818 Partab Singh
  • 1818 - 1849 Fateh Singh (d. 1849)
  • 1849 - 1851 Dalpat Singh (d. 1851)
  • 1851 - 1852 interregnum
  • 1852 - Jun 1867 Dalil Singh (d. 1867)
  • 31 Oct 1867 – 27 Apr 1929 Wakhat Singh Dalil Singh (b. 1860 - d. 1929) (from 25 May 1889, Sir Wakhat Singh Dalil Singh)
  • 27 Apr 1929 – 15 Aug 1947 Virbhadra Singh Ranjit Singh (b. 1910 - d. 1986)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908
  2. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lunavada". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 123. 
  3. ^ Lunawada Princely State (9 gun salute)
  4. ^ Rajput Provinces of India - Lunawada (Princely State)
  5. ^ Princely States of India

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°08′00″N 73°37′00″E / 23.1333°N 73.6167°E / 23.1333; 73.6167