Lunch atop a Skyscraper
Lunch atop a Skyscraper (New York Construction Workers Lunching on a Crossbeam) is an iconic photograph taken atop the ironwork of 30 Rockefeller Plaza, during the construction of the Rockefeller Center, in Manhattan, New York City, United States.
The photograph depicts 11 men eating lunch, seated on a girder with their feet dangling 840 feet (260 meters) above the New York City streets. The photograph was taken on September 20, 1932, on the 69th floor of the RCA Building during the last months of construction. According to archivists, the photograph was in fact prearranged. Although the photograph shows real ironworkers, it is believed that the moment was staged by Rockefeller Center to promote its new skyscraper. Other photographs taken on the same day show some of the workers throwing a football and pretending to sleep on the girder. The photo appeared in the Sunday photo supplement of the New York Herald Tribune on October 2, 1932.
Formerly attributed to "unknown", and often misattributed to Lewis Hine, it was credited to Charles C. Ebbets in 2003. Evidence confirming his authorship held in the Ebbets' Estate archives include original work orders showing invoices to Rockefeller Center for the time period surrounding the photo, letters of recommendation from his work at Rockefeller Center when the photo was taken, a copy of the original article from the NY Herald Tribune when the photo first appeared in 1932 in his own scrapbook of his work, photos from his office in NY taken in 1932 showing the image on a bulletin board display of his work, and a negative of him at work on the site that day. Alternative candidates mentioned as possibly having taken the photo include two other photographers, William Leftwich and Thomas Kelley, who were seen in Rockefeller Center images around that time, but no evidence has ever been produced that either one of them took the image. Ebbets was also documented to have been an independent contractor working at the time with the Hamilton Wright Jr. ad agency, which is known to have been hired by Rockefeller Center in 1932 to help with PR for the project.
Men in the image
There have been numerous claims regarding the identities of the men in the image. The National Museum of the American Indian claimed to identify three Native Americans in the photo. The movie Men at Lunch traces some of the men to possible Irish origin, and the director reported in 2013 that he planned to follow up other claims from Swedish relatives. The film confirms the identities of two men: Joseph Eckner, third from the left, and Joe Curtis, third from the right, by cross referencing with other pictures taken the same day, on which they were named at the time. The first man from the right has been identified as Slovak worker Gustáv (Gusti) Popovič from the village of Vyšný Slavkov in the Levoča District of Slovakia. Popovič was originally a lumberjack and carpenter. In 1932 he sent his wife Mária (Mariška) a postcard with this photograph on which he wrote, "Don't you worry, my dear Mariška, as you can see I'm still with bottle. Your Gusti." Gustáv and Mária's joint grave in the Vyšný Slavkov cemetery is decorated with the picture. The second worker from the left is Natxo Ibargüen Moneta, a native of Balmaseda (Biscay, Basque Country, Spain) and a New York resident since 1924. He is the one with Matty O'Shaughnessy, lighting a cigar.
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