Jacques Chambrette Senior initially started the first fine pottery works in Lorraine in 1711. His son began in 1722 by trading faience in Lunéville. He built his own factory there in 1730, just before he obtained the royal permission.
He formulated a new type of earthenware called "terre de Lorraine" in 1748 based on the study of English potteries. As soon as 1749, he was granted the label of official Royal manufactory by Stanislaus I, former king of Poland.
At the time, Lorraine being indeed an independent state, France levied heavy taxes on goods imported from there, reason why Jacques Chambrette established as early as 1758 an additional factory in Saint-Clément, Meurthe-et-Moselle, only seven miles away, but located on French territory to escape those duties.
However, at the death of the founder, the two factories were split between the family and Richard Mique bought in 1763 the Saint-Clément part.
In 1900, there were around 1,100 employees. The factory's products had a worldwide reputation and participated successfully in various fields of art and industrial exhibitions.
Developments since 1968
The former pottery factory in Lunéville is now a company store, production continuing in Saint Clément.
Some important products
- In 1746, the statue of Nicolas Ferry "le nain bébé" was offered to the royal court.
- 1770's first vases designed by Richard Mique of Louis XV style of which he is one of the main proponents in his field. He also adorned the queen's hamlet at the Petit Trianon in Versailles with some vases that are still visible there today.
List of some designers and other artists involved with Lunéville
- Charles-Adzir Trouillot
- Auguste Majorelle
- Jean-Baptiste Pillement
- Mougin brothers
- Géo Condé
- Ernest Bussière
- Émile Gallé
- Paul-Louis Cyfflé
- Eileen Aldridge (1969). porcelain. Paul Hamlyn. p. 160. ISBN 9780600001348. porcelain.
- Maurice Noël (1961). Recherches sur la céramique Lorraine (in French). Nancy, faculté de lettre. p. 225. thèse de IIIème cycle.
- Docteur René Ducret. Les faïenceries de Lunéville et de Saint-Clément (in French). Lunéville: Mut'imprim. p. 15. Ducret.
- Pierre Poncet (1999). Je m'appelle "Réverbère" (in French). Lunéville: Mut'imprim. p. 32. Réverbère.
- Pierre Poncet (May 2003). En pays Lunévillois, l'histoire de la faïence au XXème siècle (in French). Lunéville: Amis de la faïence ancienne de Lunéville, Saint-Clément et du pays du Lunévillois. p. 101. en Pays Lunévillois.
- Geneviève Aubry, Catherine Calame & alii (July 1995). la route du Chinois (in French). Lunéville: Association des amis de la faïence ancienne de Lunéville-Saint-Clément. p. 48. la route du Chinois.
- Jacques Peiffer (January 2001). Les Frères Mougin, sorciers du grand feu 1898-1950 (in French). Lunéville: Faton. p. 240. ISBN 978-2-87844-047-8. Mougin.