Luni River

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Course of River Luni

The Luni is a river of western Rajasthan state, India. It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer and ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, after travelling a distance of 495 km. It is first known as Sagarmati, then after passing Govindgarh, it meets its tributary Sarsuti, which originates from Pushkar Lake, and from then on it gets its name Luni.[1]

In 1892, Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur constructed Jaswant Sagar in Pichiyak village between Bilara and Bhavi of Jodhpur district. It is one of the largest artificial lakes in India, and irrigates more than 12,000 acres (49 km2).[1]


It is also known as Lavanavati river. It means "Salt River" in Sanskrit, due high salinity of its water.[1]


The Luni River basin is 37,363 km², which includes all or part of Ajmer, Barmer, Jalor, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali, and Sirohi districts of Rajasthan;≥Mithavirana, Jordiyali, Mavsari Vav, Radhanpur region of Banaskantha North Gujarat. Its major tributaries are the Sukri, Mithri, Bandi, Khari, Jawai, Guhiya and Sagi from the left, and the Jojari River from the right.

Rising in the western Aravalli Range in the state of Rajasthan, where it is known as the Sagarmati, it flows south-west and enters a patch of desert before dissipating into the Rann of Kutch, traversing a total of 495 km. In spite of the high salinity, it is a major river in the region and serves as a primary source of irrigation.It is not saline up to balotra district but when it meets the saline land in this area it gets saline.

It may will have been the southern portion of the Ghaggar-Hakra.

The Luni River flows in the western part of India in the state of Rajasthan .It rises in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range at an elevation of five hundred fifty metres near Ajmer.

The river then flows in the southwest direction through the hills and plains of the Marwar region in Rajasthan.


  1. ^ a b c Luni River The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 16, p. 211-212.

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Coordinates: 24°39′N 71°11′E / 24.650°N 71.183°E / 24.650; 71.183