Lunulated antbird

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Lunulated antbird
Illustration of a female
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Oneillornis
Species: O. lunulatus
Binomial name
Oneillornis lunulatus
(Sclater & Salvin, 1873)

Gymnopithys lunulatus

The lunulated antbird (Oneillornis lunulatus) is a species of insectivorous bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Ecuador and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

This species is a specialist ant-followers that relies on swarms of army ants to flush insects and other arthropods out of the leaf litter.[2]

The lunulated antbird was described and illustrated by the English ornithologists Philip Sclater and Osbert Salvin in 1873 and given the binomial name Pithys lunulatus.[3] The species was subsequently included in the genus Gymnopithys. It was moved to a newly erected genus Oneillornis based on the results of a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2014.[4] The species is monotypic.[5]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Oneillornis lunulatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Willis, Edwin O. (1968). "Studies of the behavior of Lunulated and Salvin's antbirds" (PDF). Condor. 70: 128–148. 
  3. ^ Sclater, Philip L.; Salvin, Osbert (1873). "On the birds of Eastern Peru". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (2): 252–311 [276] Plate 26. 
  4. ^ Isler, M.L.; Bravo, G.A.; Brumfield, R.T. (2014). "Systematics of the obligate ant-following clade of antbirds (Aves:Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae)". Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 126 (4): 635–648. doi:10.1676/13-199.1. 
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 23 February 2018.