Location of Luodong within Yilan
|• Total||11.34 km2 (4.38 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
Luodong Township (Chinese: 羅東鎮; pinyin: Luódōng Zhèn; Wade–Giles: Lo2-tung1 Chen4; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lô-tong) is an urban township in the central part of Yilan County, Taiwan. Luodong is the smallest township in the county.
In 1804, a Pingpu tribe chief Pan Xian Wen and Maoge from Changhua led a group of people to settle down in Luodong area, in which they established Alishih and Ashushih communities and developed a large scale agricultural industries. In 1812, Qing Dynasty officer Fan Bang Gan was assigned of Luodong. Two years later, Han settlers entered the region to begin clearing and developing the area. The Pingpu tribe and Han settlers used to fight over land ownership but eventually they ended up working together to develop Luodong. Years later, Luodong became a developed region with a special characteristics of the combination of aboriginal and Han cultures.
Under Japanese rule, Luodong was developed into the base for industries established by the Taiping Mountain logging business. In 1916, the Japanese government established the Giran Branch Office of the Forest Administration Bureau in charge of logging, transportation and storage of Taiping Mountain area timber with a log pond set up in today's Yuanshan Township. The branch office was then later on moved to Luodong due to the change in the lumber transportation from waterway to railway. Finally in 1924, upon the completion of railway connecting Luodong and Tuchang (土場 in Datong), the branch office was officially moved to Chikurin (竹林). From that moment onward, Luodong became a commercial center. From 1920-1945, Lutung was administrated as Ratō Town (羅東街) of Taihoku Prefecture.
Luodong is located on Lanyang Plain. It covers an area of 11.34 square kilometres (4.38 sq mi) and as of 2014 had a population of 72,533 people. It has a large, landscaped sports park.
Luodong Township consists of 25 villages and 524 neighborhoods. Villages in the township are Kaiming, Daxin, Tungan, Xinqun, Luozhuang, Nanchang, Nanhao, Chenggong, Rende, Renhe, Zhongshan, Hanmin, Weiyang, Xian, Beicheng, Guohua, Xianwen, Gongzheng, Jixiang, Xinyi, Shulin, Zhulin and Renai Village.
Luodong has a large night market - Luodong Night Market - containing many varieties of local food, such as scallion pancakes. Luodong has a large community which organizes dance clubs and recitals for the elderly. It is also the home of the locally famous Meihua Lake.
Luodong has an excellent natural environment, and is close to both urban Yilan and Su'ao township, popular for its cold and hot springs. It is popular as a destination in the summer for its proximity to the Yilan Children's Festival as well as the farms of Sanxing township. People visit Luodong year-round to enjoy its charming bed and breakfasts.
Festivals in the township is the Luodong Arts Festival Fringe.
Bus station in the township is Luodong Transfer Station. There are two interchanges in Luodong township along National Highway 5.
- "Entry #40086". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
- "[ Information For Foreigners In Yilan ]". Foreigner.e-land.gov.tw. 2008-08-07. Archived from the original on 2014-05-25. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- Shen, Worthy; Yen, William (4 August 2017). "Luodong Arts Festival parade rescheduled to Aug. 5 after storm". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
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- Luodong Township (in Chinese)