Luoyang Museum

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Luoyang Museum
Luòyáng Museum.jpg
Luoyang Museum
Luoyang Museum is located in China
Luoyang Museum
Location within China
Established 1958, 1974
Location Nietai Road, Luoyang, Henan, China
Coordinates 34°39′49″N 112°27′36″E / 34.6635°N 112.4601°E / 34.6635; 112.4601
Collection size 1700
Website http://www.lymuseum.com/

Luoyang Museum (Chinese: 洛阳博物馆; pinyin: Luòyáng Bówùguǎn)[1] is a local historical museum in Luoyang, Henan Province of China. Situated in the Yellow River valley, the museum is 160 kilometres (99 mi) west of Zhengzhou. It offers exhibits of the rich cultural heritage of Luoyang, a major Chinese cultural centre, which was the capital of more than a dozen ancient dynasties of the Xia and the East Zhou.[2]

The museum was first built in 1958, in Guanlin, seven kilometres (4.3 mi) south of Luoyang City. It was moved to the north side of Zhongzhou Road in 1973 near the Wangcheng Park, which, at an area of 67 hectares (170 acres), is the largest public park in Luoyang. The new museum opened on May 1, 1974. It houses relics from excavation sites on the outskirts of Luoyang, in the city's old section. They include antiquaries from palaces and temples. These artifacts establish the historical past of Luoyang, representing elements of the ancient city of nine capitals, from Neolithic times up to 937 AD.[3] The Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum also contains archaeological finds, but it specializes in tombs as more than 10,000 have been found in the local area.[4]

Architecture and fittings[edit]

The museum is built in ancient Tang Dynasty, Chinese architectural style. An Eastern Han Dynasty painting of the "hundred-flower" lantern is displayed on the front facade of the museum.[5]

Tang Dynasty clay pottery of camel and man
Chinese bronze ding vessel with gold and silver inlay from the Warring States Period (403–221 BC) of ancient China.

With four display halls and five exhibition rooms,[6] it is spread over 20,000 square metres (220,000 sq ft) with a floor space of 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft).[5] The antiquaries are arranged to demonstrate the evolution of social structure, beginning with primitive society in the first hall, followed by exhibits related to slavery, and feudalism. The exhibits are also arranged in a sequence of ancient cultures starting with Heluo, followed by Yangshao, Longshan, Xia (21st century BC-17th century BC), Shang (17th century BC-11th century BC) and ending with Zhou (11th century BC-256 BC).[2][7]

Exhibits[edit]

Two collections are major permanent exhibits: the Historical and Cultural Relics of Luoyang and the Selected Cultural Relics of Luoyang. Travelling collections from the Luoyang Museum are located in Japan, Germany, France, Singapore and South Korea.[8] In addition, the museum also conducts exhibitions of calligraphy and paintings, and other items every year.[2]

Many of the exhibits are of bronze, pottery, porcelain, gold, silver, jade and stone wares. In addition, the Ming and Qing dynasty articles include ancient calligraphic works and paintings, and folk art objects.[8][5] Pieces include: stone age figurines and implements of Tang Dynasty;[9] a figurine of a young woman with coiled hair excavated in 1980; a young woman figurine in clay with dragon design headgear; an imperial attendant at the Jingling Mausoleum of Ziyou, Emperor Xianzhuang Mangssssssan of Northern Wei Dynasty (314 centimetres (124 in)); and an imperial attendant at the Jingling Mausoleum of Yuan Key, Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei Dynasty (289 cm (114 in)).[10]

There are also items excavated at Erlitou, an important Shang site 30 metres (98 ft) east of Luoyang. These include jade, bronzes, and pottery artifacts of the Xia and Shang dynasty.[11] A winged bronze figure with gold inlay measuring 15.5 centimetres (6.1 in) by 9.5 centimetres (3.7 in) from the Eastern Han Dynasty was secured from a tomb on the outskirts of Luoyong and represents a three-dimensional sculpture of an enlightened person.[3] Three relics from the earliest Buddhist Yongning Temple built in 519 under the Northern Wei dynasty reign, and a figure painted in clay unearthed from the base of the Yongning Temple are also part of the collection.

Of the mingqi items excavated in 1972 from a nearby Western Han tomb, a house-like kitchen and 190 pottery articles are a part of the museum collection.[12] There are two epitaph tablets that record the construction of the Gongling mausoleum of Li Hong.[13][14]

Research and training[edit]

The museum also functions as a centre for research and training.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Damian (17 April 2007). National Geographic Traveler China. National Geographic Books. pp. 118–. ISBN 978-1-4262-0035-9. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Zhongzhou Road, Luoyang City". China Culture.org. Archived from the original on February 15, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Little, Stephen; Eichman, Shawn (2000). Taoism and the arts of China. University of California Press. pp. 149–. ISBN 978-0-520-22785-9. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Emmis Communications (July 1989). "China". Orange Coast Magazine. Emmis Communications: 99–107. ISSN 0279-0483. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Li, Chunsheng; Lan, Peijin (2002). Museums: treasure house of history. Foreign Languages Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-7-119-03145-3. The exterior of the Luoyang Museum Painted "hundred-flower" lantern, from the Eastern Han Dynasty Set up in 1958. The Luoyang Museum is located in the downtown area of Luoyang. The museum covers an area of over 20.000 sq m. with a floor space of nearly 10.000 sq m. ... 
  6. ^ "Luoyang Museum". chinaculture.org. Archived from the original on September 21, 2004. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  7. ^ Chung-kuo Fu Nü. Foreign Language Press. 1982. 
  8. ^ a b c "Luoyang Museum". Discovery TCM. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  9. ^ Harper, Damian; Fallon, Steve; Gaskell, Katja (15 May 2005). China. Lonely Planet. pp. 436–. ISBN 978-1-74059-687-9. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  10. ^ Howard, Angela Falco (2006). Chinese sculpture. Yale University Press. pp. 179, 369. ISBN 978-0-300-10065-5. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  11. ^ Foster, Simon; Lin-Liu, Jen; Owyang, Sharon; Sherisse Pham; Beth Reiber; Lee Wing-sze (15 March 2010). Frommer's China. Frommer's. pp. 360–361. ISBN 978-0-470-52658-3. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  12. ^ Guo, Qinghua (November 2009). The Mingqi Pottery Buildings of Han Dynasty China: 206 BC – Ad 220: Architectural Representations and Represented Architecture. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-1-84519-321-8. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  13. ^ Howard, 2006
  14. ^ Eckfeld, Tonia (2005). Imperial tombs in Tang China, 618–907: the politics of paradise. Psychology Press. pp. 60–. ISBN 978-0-415-30220-3. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 

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