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The Lupemban is the name given by archaeologists to a central African culture which, though once thought to date between c. 30,000 and 12,000 BC, is now generally recognised to be far older (dates of c. 300,000 have been obtained from Twin Rivers, Zambia and Muguruk, Kenya, respectively). The industry is characterised by the occurrence of bi-facially flaked lanceolate points. It has been postulated that Lupemban tools, being generally distributed within the modern day Congo forest belt, may have been adapted to woodworking. The lanceolate points are commonly interpreted as being the surviving elements of composite spears.
- "Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site: Volume 3, The Earlier Cultures: Middle and ... - J. Desmond Clark, Julie Cormack, Susan Chin - Google Books". Google Books. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- "Stone tools have been used as cognitive/chronological, cultural/ethnic, and functional/environmental indicators in African prehistory" (PDF). Antiquityofman.com. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
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