Lupita Nyong'o

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Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o May 2017.jpg
Nyong'o at the 2017 Peabody Awards
Born
Lupita Amondi Nyong'o[1]

(1983-03-01) March 1, 1983 (age 35)
Mexico City, Mexico
ResidenceBrooklyn, New York, U.S.
Citizenship
  • Kenya
  • Mexico
EducationHampshire College (BA)
Yale University (MFA)
OccupationActress
Years active2005–present
Parent(s)Peter Anyang' Nyong'o (father)
RelativesIsis Nyong'o (cousin)
Tavia Nyong'o (cousin)
AwardsFull list

Lupita Amondi Nyong'o (Kenyan English[luˈpiːtɑː ˈɲɔːŋɔ] (About this soundlisten); Spanish: [luˈpita ˈɲoŋ(ɡ)o]; born March 1, 1983)[2] is a Kenyan-Mexican actress. The daughter of Kenyan politician Peter Anyang' Nyong'o, she was born in Mexico City where her father was teaching and was raised in Kenya from the age of one.[3] She attended college in the United States, earning a bachelor's degree in film and theater studies from Hampshire College.

Nyong'o began her career in Hollywood as a production assistant. In 2008, she made her acting debut with the short film East River and subsequently returned to Kenya to star in the television series Shuga (2009–2012). Also in 2009, she wrote, produced and directed the documentary In My Genes.[1] She then pursued a master's degree in acting from the Yale School of Drama. Soon after her graduation, she had her first feature film role as Patsey in Steve McQueen's historical drama 12 Years a Slave (2013), for which she received critical acclaim and won several awards, including the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She became the first Kenyan and Mexican actress to win an Academy Award.[4][5][6]

Nyong'o made her Broadway debut as a teenage orphan in the critically acclaimed play Eclipsed (2015), for which she was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.[7] Following a motion capture role as Maz Kanata in the Star Wars sequel trilogy and a voice role as Raksha in The Jungle Book (2016), Nyong'o starred as Nakia in the Marvel Cinematic Universe superhero film Black Panther (2018).

In addition to acting, Nyong'o supports historic preservation. She is vocal about preventing sexual harassment and working for women and animal rights. In 2014, she was named the most beautiful woman by People.

Early life and background[edit]

Nyong'o was born in Mexico City, Mexico,[8][9][10] to Kenyan parents, Dorothy Ogada Buyu[11][12] and Peter Anyang' Nyong'o, a college professor. The family had left Kenya in 1980 for a period because of political repression and unrest; Peter's brother, Charles Nyong'o, disappeared after he was thrown off a ferry in 1980.[13]

Nyong'o identifies as Kenyan-Mexican and has dual Kenyan and Mexican citizenship.[14][15] She is of Luo descent on both sides of her family, and is the second of six children.[16] It is a tradition of the Luo people to name a child after the events of the day, so her parents gave her a Spanish name, Lupita (a diminutive of Guadalupe).[17] Her father is a former Minister for Medical Services in the Kenyan government. At the time of her birth, he was a visiting lecturer in political science at El Colegio de México in Mexico City.[16][18] He later became a senior politician in Kenya.

The family returned to their native Kenya when Nyong'o was less than one year old,[17][19] as her father was appointed a professor at the University of Nairobi.[16] She grew up primarily in Nairobi, and describes her upbringing as "middle class, suburban".[18] When she was sixteen, her parents sent her to Mexico for seven months to learn Spanish.[17][20] During those seven months, Nyong'o lived in Taxco, Guerrero, and took classes at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México's Learning Center for Foreigners.[20]

Nyong'o grew up in an artistic family, where get-togethers often included performances by the children, and trips to see plays.[21] She attended Rusinga International school in Kenya and acted in school plays.[11]

At age 14, Nyong'o made her professional acting debut as Juliet in Romeo and Juliet[11] in a production by the Nairobi-based repertory company Phoenix Players.[18][21] While a member of the Phoenix Players, Nyong'o also performed in the plays On The Razzle and There Goes The Bride.[22] Nyong'o cites the performances of American actresses Whoopi Goldberg and Oprah Winfrey in The Color Purple with inspiring her to pursue a professional acting career.[23][24]

Nyong'o later attended St. Mary's School in Nairobi, where she received an IB Diploma in 2001.[25] She went to the United States for college, graduating from Hampshire College with a degree in film and theatre studies.[26][27]

Career[edit]

Early work (2005–2012)[edit]

Nyong'o started her career working as part of the production crew for several films, including Fernando Meirelles's The Constant Gardener (2005), Mira Nair's The Namesake (2006), and Salvatore Stabile's Where God Left His Shoes (2007).[28] She cites Ralph Fiennes, the British star of The Constant Gardener, as someone who inspired her to pursue a professional acting career.[18]

In 2008, Nyong'o starred in the short film "East River", directed by Marc Grey and shot in Brooklyn.[29] She returned to Kenya that same year and appeared in the Kenyan television series Shuga, an MTV Base Africa/UNICEF drama about HIV/AIDS prevention.[28] In 2009, she wrote, directed, and produced the documentary In My Genes, about the discriminatory treatment of Kenya's albino population.[16] It played at several film festivals and won first prize at the 2008 Five College Film Festival.[28] Nyong'o also directed the music video "The Little Things You Do" by Wahu, featuring Bobi Wine,[28] which was nominated for the Best Video Award at the MTV Africa Music Awards 2009.[28]

Nyong'o enrolled in a master's degree program in acting at the Yale School of Drama. At Yale, she appeared in many stage productions, including Gertrude Stein's Doctor Faustus Lights the Lights, Chekhov's Uncle Vanya, and William Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew and The Winter's Tale.[30] While at Yale, she won the Herschel Williams Prize in the 2011–12 academic year for "acting students with outstanding ability" .[1]

Film and stage breakthrough (2013–2015)[edit]

Immediately after graduating from Yale, Nyong'o landed her breakthrough role[31] when she was cast for Steve McQueen's historical drama 12 Years a Slave (2013).[18][21] The film, which met with wide critical acclaim, is based on the life of Solomon Northup (played by Chiwetel Ejiofor), a free-born African-American man of upstate New York who is kidnapped and sold into slavery in Washington, DC in 1841. Nyong'o played the role of Patsey, a slave who works alongside Northup at a Louisiana cotton plantation; her performance met with rave reviews.[32] Ian Freer of Empire wrote that she "gives one of the most committed big-screen debuts imaginable," and critic Peter Travers added that she "is a spectacular young actress who imbues Patsey with grit and radiant grace".[33][34]

Nyong'o and co-star Michael Fassbender at an event for 12 Years a Slave (2013). Her performance in the film earned her the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

Nyong'o was nominated for several awards for 12 Years a Slave, including a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress, a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, and two Screen Actors Guild Awards, including Best Supporting Actress, which she won.[35] She was also awarded the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, becoming the sixth black actress to win the award. She is the first African actress to win the award, the first Kenyan actress to win an Oscar, and the first Mexican to win the award.[36][37] She was the fifteenth actress to win an Oscar for a debut performance in a feature film.[38]

Following a supporting role in the action-thriller Non-Stop (2014), Nyong'o co-starred in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) as Force-sensitive space pirate Maz Kanata, a CGI character created using motion capture technology.[39][40] Nyong'o said that she had wanted to play a role where her appearance was not relevant. The acting provided a different challenge from her role as Patsey.[41] Scott Mendelson of Forbes, characterised Nyong'o's role as "the center of the film's best sequence," and Stephanie Zacharek of Time called her a "delightful minor character".[42][43] Nyong'o was nominated for the Best Supporting Actress at the 42nd Saturn Awards and Best Virtual Performance at the 2016 MTV Movie Awards for her role.[44][45]

In 2015 Nyong'o returned to stage with a starring role as an unnamed girl in the play Eclipsed, written by Danai Gurira.[46] The play takes place during the chaos of the Second Liberian Civil War, where the captive wives of a rebel officer band together to form a community, until the balance of their lives are upset by the arrival of a new girl (played by Nyong'o). Eclipsed became The Public Theater's fastest-selling new production in recent history[47] and won Nyong'o an Obie Award for Outstanding Performance.[48] The play premiered on Broadway at the John Golden Theatre the following year.[49] It was the first play to premiere on Broadway with an all-black and female creative cast and crew.[50][51] Nyong'o said that she understudied the play at Yale in 2009 and was terrified to play the character on stage.[52] Her performance met with critical acclaim. The New York Times' critic Charles Isherwood called Nyong'o "one of the most radiant young actors to be seen on Broadway in recent seasons, shines with a compassion that makes us see beyond the suffering to the indomitable humanity of its characters."[53] Nyong'o's performance in Eclipsed earned her a Theatre World Award for Outstanding Broadway or Off-Broadway Debut Performance, an Obie Award for a Distinguished Performance by an Ensemble, and a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. In addition, she was nominated for Outstanding Actress in a Play at the Outer Critics Circle Award and a Distinguished Performance Award at the Drama League Award.[54][55][56][57][58] Nyong'o said that she turned down Hollywood films for the part.[59]

Motion capture roles and Black Panther (2016–present)[edit]

Nyong'o at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con

Nyong'o co-starred in Jon Favreau's The Jungle Book (2016), a live-action/CGI adaptation of its 1967 animated original; voicing Raksha, a mother wolf who adopts Mowgli (played by Neel Sethi).[60] Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph wrote in his review that Nyong'o brought a "gentle dignity" to her role.[61] She later co-starred in Mira Nair's Queen of Katwe (2016), a biopic based on the true story about the rise of a young Ugandan chess prodigy,[62] Phiona Mutesi (played by Madina Nalwanga), who becomes a Woman Candidate Master after her performances at World Chess Olympiads. Nyong'o played Phiona's protective mother, Nakku Harriet.[63] Brian Tallerico of RogerEbert.com said, "Nyong'o is phenomenal. She has an incredible ability to convey backstory."[64] Geoff Berkshire of Variety called Nyong'o's performance "Simply radiant in her first live action role since winning an Oscar for 12 Years a Slave [...] she imbues what could have been a stock mother figure with such inner fire that Harriet feels worthy of a movie all her own."[65]

Nyong'o reprised her role as Maz Kanata in Rian Johnson's Star Wars: The Last Jedi (2017). The following year, she starred as spy Nakia, a former member of Dora Milaje, a team of women who serve as special forces of Wakanda and personal bodyguards to T'Challa/Black Panther (Chadwick Boseman), in Ryan Coogler's superhero film Black Panther (2018), which marked the eighteenth film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[66] Nyong'o learned to speak Xhosa for the part, and trained in judo, jujitsu, silat and Filipino martial arts.[67][68] David Betancourt of The Washington Post wrote that the film "takes superhero cinema where it's never gone before by not being afraid to embrace its blackness"; he particularly praised the portrayal of Nyong'o's character for avoiding stereotypical depictions of a black leading lady, writing that she "throws punches, shoots guns and steals hearts in a role she seems born for."[69] Black Panther earned over $1.34 billion to emerge as the ninth highest-grossing film of all time.[70] Nyong'o received a Saturn Award for Best Actress nomination for the film.[71]

As of 2018, Nyong'o will be making her writing debut with a book entitled Sulwe, which will be published by Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers. Sulwe (Luo for star) is the story of a five year old Kenyan girl, who has the darkest complexion in her family, for which Nyong'o drew upon her own childhood experiences.[72] On screen, she will star as a teacher named Miss Caroline in Abe Forsythe's horror-romance Little Monsters and Jordan Peele's horror film US.[73][74] Nyong'o is once again set to reprise her role as Maz Kanata in Star Wars: Episode IX (2019), the third and final installment of the Star Wars sequel trilogy.[75]

Nyong'o is also developing a television series based on Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's novel Americanah, which she will produce and star in.[76] In addition, she will produce and star in Born a Crime, a film adaptation of Trevor Noah's memoir of the same name, in which she will play Noah's mother, Patricia;[77] will star alongside Viola Davis in The Woman King, a drama based on the Dahomey Amazons;[78] and will lend her voice to play the Giant in the live-animation film Jack.[79] She has also committed to star in a remake of John Woo's action thriller The Killer and Simon Kinberg's ensemble spy-thriller 355.[80][81]

Personal life[edit]

Nyong'o resides in Brooklyn, New York.[82] She is a fluent speaker of Spanish, Luo, English, and Swahili.[20] On February 27, 2014, at the Essence Black Women In Hollywood luncheon in Beverly Hills, she gave a speech on the beauty of black women and talked about the insecurities she had as a teenager. She said her views changed when she saw South Sudanese supermodel Alek Wek become successful.[83]

Nyong'o at an event for Time's Up in 2018

In 2013, her father was elected to represent Kisumu County in the Kenyan Senate and by 2017, he became Governor.[17][84] Nyong'o's mother is the managing director of the Africa Cancer Foundation and her own communications company.[21][22] Other family members include Tavia Nyong'o, a scholar and professor at New York University; Dr. Omondi Nyong'o, a pediatric ophthalmologist in Palo Alto, CA; Kwame Nyong'o, one of Kenya's leading animators and leading technology expert; and Isis Nyong'o, a media and technology leader who was named one of Africa's most powerful young women by Forbes magazine.[85][86]

In 2014, the National Trust for Historic Preservation recruited Nyong'o in an effort to oppose development, including a new minor league baseball stadium, in the Shockoe Bottom area of Richmond, Virginia.[87] The historic neighborhood, one of Richmond's oldest, was the site of major slave-trading before the American Civil War. On October 19, 2014, Nyong'o sent a letter to Richmond Mayor Dwight C. Jones, which she posted on social media sites, asking him to withdraw support for the development proposal.[88]

In June 2015, Nyong'o returned to Kenya and announced that she will advocate globally for elephants with the international conservation organization WildAid, as well as promote women's issues, acting and the arts in Kenya. WildAid announced Nyong'o as their Global Elephant Ambassador.[89]

Nyong'o is involved in the organization Mother Health International, which is dedicated to providing relief to women and children in Uganda by creating locally engaged birthing centers. She said she'd never thought much about birthing practices until her sister introduced her to MHI executive director Rachel Zaslow. Nyong'o felt bringing attention to such important but overlooked issues is a mandate for her as an artist. She was honored for her work at 2016 Variety's Power of Women.[90]

In April 2016, Nyong'o launched an anti-poaching "hearts and minds" campaign with her organization Wildaid in advance of Kenya Wildlife Service's history-making ivory burn that occurred April 30. The Kenyan government burned 105 tonnes of Ivory and 1.35 tonnes of rhino horn in a demonstration of their zero tolerance approach to poachers and smugglers who were threatening the survival of elephants and rhinoceros in the wild.[91][92]

In October 2017, Nyong'o wrote an op-ed for The New York Times, in which she revealed that Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein sexually harassed her twice in 2011, while she was a student at Yale. She vowed that she would never work with Weinstein, hence her declining a role in Southpaw (2015). Nyong'o also wrote about her commitment to work with women directors or male feminist directors, who had not abused their power.[93] This op-ed was part of a collection of stories done by The Times and The New Yorker which won the 2018 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service.[94]

In the media[edit]

Nyong'o was mentioned in Christian rapper Lecrae's song "Nuthin'" from his 2014 album Anomaly and was referenced by Jay Z in his verse from Jay Electronica's song "We Made It". She was also mentioned in the parody song "American Apparel Ad Girls" by the drag queens Willam Belli, Courtney Act and Alaska Thunderfuck.[95] Nyong'o was mentioned in the 2015 African song Nerea by Kenyan afro-pop band Sauti Sol.[96] Rapper Nicki Minaj mentioned Lupita in her verse on A$AP Ferg's remix of "Plain Jane" and was referenced by rapper Wale in his song, "Black is Gold".[97][98]

Nyong'o on the cover of Ms. magazine

Nyong'o was included in Derek Blasberg's 2013 best dressed list in Harper's Bazaar.[21] In 2014, she was chosen as one of the faces for Miu Miu's spring campaign, with Elizabeth Olsen, Elle Fanning and Bella Heathcote. She has also appeared on the covers of several magazines, including New York's spring fashion issue[99] and the UK magazine Dazed & Confused.[100] In April of that year, she was named "The Most Beautiful Woman" by People.[101] and was named the new face of Lancôme, making her the first black woman to appear on the brand.[102] Later that November, she was named "Woman of the Year" by Glamour.[103]

Nyong'o was on the July 2014 cover of Vogue, making her the second African woman[104] and ninth black woman[105] to cover the magazine. That same month she also appeared on the cover of July's issue of Elle (France). She appeared on the October 2015 issue of American Vogue, making it her second cover in a row.[106] That month, Congressman Charles Rangel and Voza Rivers, the head of the New Heritage Theatre Group, announced the day is officially "Lupita Nyong'o Day" in Harlem, New York. The honor was announced as a surprise during an open discussion between Nyong'o and image activist Michaela Angela Davis at Mist Harlem.[107]

Nyong'o was included in Annie Leibovitz's 2016 Vanity Fair's Hollywood Issue.[108] Nyong'o was honored with a caricature portrait in May 2016 at Sardi's restaurant in New York City for her debut on Broadway.[109] That July, she was chosen as one of the first celebrities, alongside with Elle Fanning, Christy Turlington Burns, and Natalie Westling to star in Tiffany & Co.'s Fall 2016 campaign styled by Grace Coddington.[110] Nyong'o appeared on Vogue's October 2016 cover, making it her third issue. That month, she was an honoree at the 2016 Elle Women in Hollywood Awards.[111]

In January 2017, she appeared on the cover of Vanity Fair's Hollywood Issue.[112] She later appeared on the cover of UK's The Sunday Times Magazine for their October '17 issue.[113] On November 2017, she appeared on the cover of Grazia UK magazine. She later expressed her disappointment with the cover on social media for altering her hair to fit European standards of what hair should look like. Photographer An Le later apologized in a statement, saying it was "an incredibly monumental mistake".[114]

In December 2017, Nyong'o landed her fourth Vogue cover in a row for the January '18 issue, making her the first black actress to do so.[115] She was also included in Tim Walker's 2018 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland - themed Pirelli Calendar as character The Dormouse.[116]

In June 2018, The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce announced Nyong'o will be among the honorees to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in the film category.[117] The following month, Nyong'o starred with fellow actress Saoirse Ronan for a Calvin Klein campaign for their new fragrance entitled; "Calvin Klein Women". The campaign features both striking, minimalist portraits of the award-winning actresses alongside women they have personally been inspired by, where Nyong'o chosen Eartha Kitt and Katharine Hepburn as her inspirations.[118] In October 2018, Nyong'o became a two-time honoree, alongside her Black Panther co-stars Danai Gurira and Angela Basset for Elle magazine's "Women in Hollywood" issue.[119] Nyong'o appeared on the cover of Vogue España's November '18 edition.[120] Nyong'o is a 2019 Hollywood Walk of Fame honoree.[121]

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
2008 East River F Short film
2013 12 Years a Slave Patsey
2014 Non-Stop Gwen Lloyd
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Maz Kanata
2016 The Jungle Book Raksha (voice)
Queen of Katwe Nakku Harriet
2017 Star Wars: The Last Jedi Maz Kanata
2018 Black Panther Nakia
2019 Us Post-production
Little Monsters Miss Caroline Post-production
Star Wars: Episode IX Maz Kanata Filming
Television
Year Title Role Notes
2009–2012 Shuga Ayira Lead role (Season 1–2)
2017–2018 Star Wars Forces of Destiny Maz Kanata Voice role; Main role
2018 Star Wars Rebels Maz Kanata Voice (archive recording)
Episode "A World Between Worlds"
Video games
Year Title Voice role
2016 Lego Star Wars: The Force Awakens Maz Kanata[122]
Crew member work
Year Title Position Notes
2005 The Constant Gardener Production assistant
2006 The Namesake Production assistant
2007 Where God Left His Shoes Production assistant
2009 In My Genes Director, writer, producer and editor Documentary film
The Little Things You Do Director Music video

Stage[edit]

Year Title Role Director Theater Notes
2015 Eclipsed The Girl Liesl Tommy The Public Theater Off-Broadway
29 September 2015 – 29 November 2015[123]
2016 John Golden Theatre Broadway
23 February 2016 – 19 June 2016[124]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  47. ^ "TV Personality La La Anthony Boards Producing Team of ECLIPSED on Broadway". BroadwayWorld. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  48. ^ Obie Awards, 2016 Winners.
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