Lusaka Province

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Lusaka
Province
Nickname(s): LSK
Map of the Lusaka Province showing its districts.
Map of the Lusaka Province showing its districts.
Country  Zambia
Districts

Chilanga Chirundu Chongwe Kafue Luangwa Lusaka Rufunsa

Siavonga
Capital Lusaka
Area
 • Province 21,896 km2 (8,454 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Province 2,777,439
 • Density 100.1/km2 (259/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,854,907
Time zone +2 (UTC-)

Lusaka Province is one of Zambia's ten provinces. The provincial capital is Lusaka, which is also the national capital. It is the smallest with 21,896 km2. In terms of population, Lusaka was the most populated and most densely populated with a population of 2,191,225 and density of 100 persons per km2 as of 2010. It is the most urban province with most number of doctors and least number of Malaria related incidents. The province is bordered along Zimbabwe and separated by the Lower Zambezi National Park.

The Lower Zambezi National Park, parts of the Lunsemfwa River valley and the lower Luangwa Valley in the north-east and part of the Kafue Flats in the south-west are the major National parks and game area in Lusaka Province. The Nkhombalyanga festival celebrated in Chongwe District by Soli tribe during July, Dantho festival celebrated in Luangwa District by Chikunda tribe during September, Chakwela Makumbi festival celebrated in Chongwe District by Soli tribe during September are the major festivals in the province.

There are eight districts in the province. As of 2004, the literacy rate was 83 per cent, the unemployment rate was 31 per cent and the general unemployment rate for youth stood at 52 per cent as of 2008. Kenneth Kaunda International Airport and Lusaka City Airport are the two airports in the province.

Geography[edit]

Lusaka, the capital city of the country and the province

Lusaka Province is bordered along Zimbabwe along Lower Zambezi National Park in the south, Central Province in the north, Southern Province in the southwest and Eastern Province in the north east. The general topography of the province is characterized by uplifted plantation surfaces. The general elevation of the nation as a whole is tended towards West to East from the Kalahari Basin. The level of land falls from the upper Congo towards the Zambezi depression in the South forming a plateau.[1]

Kafue River is a tributary of Zambezi River and it has huge valleys breaking the plateau. The province lies in the watershed between Congo DR and Zambezi river systems. The province lies in the frontier formed between the continental divide separating the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean, which traverses from DR Congo to the south of Tanzania. There are three major seasons: a cool dry season from April to August, a hot dry season from August to November and a warm wet season from November to April. The maximum heat and rainfall, both are experienced during October. The annual rainfall is less than 750 mm in the region.[2]

Climate data for Lusaka (Zambia)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26
(79)
25.9
(78.6)
28.7
(83.7)
25.8
(78.4)
24.2
(75.6)
22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.1
(77.2)
28.7
(83.7)
30.3
(86.5)
29
(84)
26.3
(79.3)
30.3
(86.5)
Average high °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
21
(70)
20.8
(69.4)
20.1
(68.2)
17.2
(63)
16.8
(62.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17
(63)
21.4
(70.5)
24.3
(75.7)
22.3
(72.1)
21.3
(70.3)
24.3
(75.7)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.2
(61.2)
15.8
(60.4)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9.2
(48.6)
11.3
(52.3)
14.4
(57.9)
19.2
(66.6)
17.6
(63.7)
17.3
(63.1)
9.2
(48.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17
(0.67)
17
(0.67)
10
(0.39)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.08)
8
(0.31)
17
(0.67)
74
(2.91)
Source: [3]

Demography[edit]

As per 2010 Zambian Census Lusaka population was 2,191,225, making it the most populated province. The majority of this population is concentrated in its smallest district, that's Lusaka Districts, with its population of  1,747,152 (current projections over 2 million) or 79.74%., with a population density of 4,853.2 people per sq km.

The province has the population highest growth rate with an average of 4.6% compared national growth rate of 2.8%. In 2000 it was the second most populated province from the Copperbelt province. It had a population of 1,391,329, however, as of the previous census growth rate the Lusaka had surpassed the Copperbelt has the most populated province.

Population of Districts[edit]

DISTRICT POPULATION PERCENTAGE
CHILANGA 107,051 5
CHIRUNDU 14,864 1
CHONGWE 141,301 6
KAFUE 120,415 5
LUANGWA 24,304 1
LUSAKA 1,747,152 79
RUFUNSA 51,002 2
SHIBUYUNJI 16,723 1
TOTAL 2,222,812 100

A compilation of districts of Lusaka with there respective populations source of information in data [4]

Ethnicity[edit]

Lusaka is an ethnically diverse province and is the only province in Zambia without a single ethnic making up a third of the Population. The Bemba form the largest ethnicity while the largest ethnic cluster is the Nyanja (Chewa, Nsenga, Chikunda, Kunda and Ngoni). The native Soil, Goba and Chikunda people only markup 0.8%,0.6% and 1.2% respectively, other natives are the Nsenga Luzi (of Luangwa District)).

There is also a considerable presence of Europeans, Asians and other African nationalist.

ETHNICITY PERCENTAGE
BEMBA 20.2
TONGA 11.1
NSENGA 10.8
CHEWA 10.5
NGONI 7
TUMBUKA 5.4
LOZI 4.8
SOLI 3.2
MAMBWE 2.9
NAMWANGA 2.4
LENJE 2.2
KAONDE 2.1
LALA 1.5
LUVALE 1.4
CHIKUNDA 1.2
LAMBA 1.1
KUNDA 1
LUNDA(NWP) 0.9
ILA 0.8
LUNDA(LP) 0.6
BISA 0.6
GOBA 0.6
NYANJA 0.6
USHI 0.5
SENGA 0.5
OTHERS 6.1

Languages[edit]

The most spoken language in Lusaka is ciNyanja, a language that exhibits the melting pot of which the Province has become. A linga franca which is closer to Chichewa, Chinsenga and other languages of Eastern Zambia. The contemporary Lusaka Nyanja has incoporated a lot of borrowed English words and other languages due to the massive influx of people from the entire Southern and Central African region.

Bemba is another language that is common, Tonga spoken in pockets of the province. While English was the fastest growing language between 2000 and 2010. It must be noted that there is no clear distinction between dialects and languages in mainstream Zambia. Therefore, languages in the diagrams below will grouped and listed individually.

ETHNICITY PERCENTAGE
NYANJA 61.9
BEMBA 17.6
ENGLISH  6.2
TONGA 4.3
SOLI 1.7
NSENGA 1.6
LOZI 1.3
CHEWA 1.2
LENJE 0.6
OTHERS 3.6

National Parks and culture[edit]

The Lower Zambezi National Park, parts of the Lunsemfwa River valley and the lower Luangwa Valley in the north-east and part of the Kafue Flats in the south-west are the major National parks and game area in Lusaka Province. The Nkhombalyanga festival celebrated in Chongwe District by Soli tribe during July, Dantho festival celebrated in Luangwa District by Chikunda tribe during September, Chakwela Makumbi festival celebrated in Chongwe District by Soli tribe during September, Mbambara festival celebrated in Luangwa District by Nsenga Luzi tribe during November, Chibwela Kumushi festival celebrated in Luangwa District by Soli tribe during November, Kailala festival celebrated in Kafue District by Goba tribe during November and Chibwela Kumushi festival celebrated in Luangwa District by Soli tribe during November are the major festivals celebrated in the Province.[5]

Administration[edit]

Profession[6] % of working population
Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing (by Industry) 4.80
Community, Social and Personnel 33.90
Construction 35.80
Electricity, Gas, and water 26.80
Financial & Insurance 43.10
Hotels and Restaurants 36.70
Manufacturing 27.10
Mining & Quarrying 9.30
Transportation and Storage 37.00
Wholesale & Retail Trade 32.30

Provincial administration is setup purely for administrative purposes. The province is headed by a minister appointed by the President and there are ministries of central government for each province. The administrative head of the province is the Permanent Secretary, appointed by the President. There is a Deputy Premanent Secretary, heads of government departments and civil servants at the provincial level. Lusaka Province is divided into eight districts, namely, Chilanga District, Chirundu District, Chongwe District, Kafue District, Luangwa District, Lusaka District, Rufunsa District and Shibuyunji District. All the district headquarters are the same as the district names. There are eight councils in the province, each of which is headed by an elected representative, called councilor. Each councilor holds office for three years.[7] The administrative staff of the council is selected based on Local Government Service Commission from within or outside the district. The office of the provincial government is located in each of the district headquarters and has provincial local government officers and auditors. Each council is responsible for raising and collecting local taxes and the budgets of the council are audited and submitted every year after the annual budget. The elected members of the council do not draw salaries, but are paid allowances from the council. Lusaka is a province and Zambia's capital city is also Lusaka with one city council. The government stipulates 63 different functions for the councils with the majority of them being infrastructure management and local administration. Councils are mandated to maintain each of their community centres, zoos, local parks, drainage system, playgrounds, cemeteries, caravan sites, libraries, museums and art galleries. They also work along with specific government departments for helping in agriculture, conservation of natural resources, postal service, establishing and maintaining hospitals, schools and colleges. The councils prepare schemes that encourage community participation.[8]

Economy and education[edit]

HIV infected & AIDS deaths[9]
Year HIV infected AIDS deaths
1985 1,518 107
1990 23,828 640
1995 111,753 4,786
2000 155,729 12,188
2005 155,687 16,569
2010 141,663 15,429

As of 2004, the province had 502 basic schools, 39 high schools and the number of school children out of school in ages between 7 and 15 stood at 502 . The unemployment rate was 31 per cent and the general unemployment rate for youth stood at 52 per cent as of 2008. The province had 231 doctors as of 2005. There were 313 Malaria incidence for every 1,000 people in the province as of 2005 and there were 15,429 AIDS death as of 2010.[10]

The total area of crops planted during the year 2014 in the province was 82,603.72 hectares which constituted 4.35% of the total area cultivated in Zambia. The net production stood at 234,807 metric tonnes, which formed 5.76% of the total agricultural production in the country. Wheat was the major crop in the province with 48,510 metric tonnes, constituting 24.07% of the national output.[11] Kenneth Kaunda International Airport and Lusaka City Airport are the two airports in the province.[12][13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Geography of Zambia". Zambia Tourism Board. 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Williams, Geoffery J. (2003). "Physical and social geography of Zambia". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 1995. ISBN 9781857431834. 
  3. ^ "Weather statistics for Lusaka (Zambia)". Norway: Norwegian Meteorological Institute and Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  4. ^ 2010 Census of Population and Housing - Population Summary Report. 2012-08-24. 
  5. ^ "Traditional Ceremonies". Ministry of Tourism and Arts, Republic of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Labour force survey". Central Statistical Office of Zambia. 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Zambi Public administration Country profile (PDF) (Report). Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM), Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  8. ^ The local government system in Zambia (PDF) (Report). Common Wealth Local Government Forum. pp. 218–220. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "AIDS and HIV statistics". Central Statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Atlas Home". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Agriculture statistics of Zambia 2014". Central Statistical Office of Zambia. 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "Airports in Zamiba". The Great Circle Mapper. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "Code for Trade and Transport Locations". United Nations. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°25′S 29°00′E / 15.417°S 29.000°E / -15.417; 29.000