Lush (company)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lush Cosmetics Ltd.
Private limited company
Industry Cosmetics
Founded November 12, 1995; 22 years ago (1995-11-12)[1]
Founder Mark and Mo Constantine, Liz Weir, Helen Ambrosen, Rowena Bird and Paul Greaves
Headquarters Poole, Dorset, UK
Products Skin care
Website lush.com

Lush is a cosmetics retailer headquartered in Poole, Dorset, United Kingdom. The company was founded by Mark Constantine, a trichologist and Liz Weir, a beauty therapist. They met in a hair and beauty salon in Poole, UK. A few years later, they decided to branch out and start their own business selling natural hair and beauty products.

History[edit]

The original Lush store, located in Poole, Dorset, UK. The store also houses a Lush Spa, accessed via the door on the left.

Mark Constantine, a herbal trichologist, and Elizabeth Weir had an interest in beauty therapy and therefore formed a company named Constantine & Weir.[2] In the early 1980s, Constantine read about Anita Roddick, who had just started The Body Shop. In the 1960s, Mark Constantine had hoped to go into theatrical makeup, but became a haidresser.[3] He called her and offered some of his products; Roddick placed an initial order of £1,200. Constantine and Weir developed a number of recipes for bath and beauty products and were a major supplier to The Body Shop, until Roddick was consulted to take more products in house. The Body Shop then paid £11 million for the rights of Constantine & Weir's recipes.[4][5][6] It was at this point The Body Shop decided to buy their product formulas.[7]

The Body Shop's purchase of their product formulas forbade Mark and Liz from opening another shop for five years, so they set up a mail order cosmetics company called Cosmetics-To-Go. It was a successful although complicated venture that went into administration. It was sold to someone from Poole, who took the product formulas and the Cosmetics-To-Go name.[7]

Mark and Elizabeth, along with Mo Constantine, Helen Ambrosen, Rowena Bird and Paul Greaves from Cosmetics-To-Go, spent what money they had left on fresh fruits and vegetables at the market. In a shop in Poole, they hand-made products upstairs that were being sold downstairs. They had previously been paying another company to come up with the fragrances for their products, but found out the perfumes were not always pure, so Mark decided he would create the perfumes himself. A competition was launched for customers to give the company a new name. One customer suggested 'Lush', meaning fresh, green, and verdant.[8]

In December 2010, Mark and Mo Constantine were awarded the OBE in the New Year's Honours list, for services to the beauty industry.[9]

Business structure[edit]

Lush is a privately owned company with a small number of shares available on an invitation basis only.[10] The company's growth is based mainly upon partnerships. Lush is a limited partnership.[dubious ]

Products[edit]

Lush shampoo bars on display
Lush shower jellies

Lush produces creams, soaps, shampoos, shower gels, lotions, moisturisers, scrubs, masks and other cosmetics for the face, hair, and body using only vegetarian or vegan recipes. Solid shampoos as well as "Toothy Tabs" which are solid toothpaste tablets are also available for purchase online and in retail stores. Lush is also best known for their bath bombs which are solid bars of sodium bicarbonate, citric acid, essential oils and natural butters that fizz out and can produce an array of colours. As of July 2012, Lush began selling their "Emotional Brilliance" makeup collection, which includes liquid lipsticks, liquid eyeliners, and cream shadows. Lush also launched their first mascara, Eyes Right, under the "Emotional Brilliance" line.[11]

Lush products are 100% vegetarian, and often contain fruits and vegetables such as grapefruit juice, vanilla beans, avocado butter, rosemary oil, fresh papaya, and coconut. However, some products contain lanolin, milk, eggs, honey, and beeswax. Parabens are used to preserve a number of the products.[12]

Lush products are made in factories or "kitchens" as the staff calls them, around the world including Poole, Dorset; Toronto, Canada; Zagreb, Croatia; Düsseldorf, Germany, and Australia.[13] Lush marks its trademark black tub products with stickers of the actual creators of the product being sold, a unique trademark stamped on their recyclable polypropylene plastic black pots. The company also offers customers a way to recycle used black pots by bringing empty ones back to the store for a free Fresh Face Mask for every five returned.[14] Most Lush products are to be stored at room temperature, with the exception of their Fresh Face Masks, which require refrigeration due to the absence of preservatives and the main ingredients being fruits and vegetables.[15] Stores do not typically sell products older than four or five months and most products have a shelf life of approximately 14 months, depending on the particular item.[16]

In-store catalogues were previously titled as the Lush Times and were produced in a newspaper-style format.[17]

Ethics and campaigning[edit]

A Lush Charity Pot sold in Russia

Lush does not buy from companies that carry out, fund, or commission any animal testing.[18] They test their products on human volunteers before they are sold to the public.[19] Lush has also phased out its use of sodium palm kernelate, which is often derived from trees in the natural habitat of orangutans and home to tropical forests with overall endangered biodiversity. Since 2008, all Lush soaps have been made with palm-free soap base, and they have since removed all traces of palm oil from the products.[20]

Lush launched the 'Charity Pot' campaign in 2007. Charity Pot is a hand and body lotion with a self-preserving formula and a delicate floral perfume of ylang ylang and rosewood oils. Lush donates 100% of the price of every ‘Charity Pot’ purchased at their stores and online to small, grassroots organizations working in the areas of environmental conservation, animal welfare, and human rights. Since launching the Charity Pot program in 2007, Lush has donated more than $10,000,000 to over 850 grassroots charities in 42 countries.

Lush is a supporter of direct action, animal rights operations including Sea Shepherd, a group that works to protect whales, seals, and other aquatic animals.[21] Lush has been a supporter of antitax avoidance grouping UK Uncut.

In 2007, Lush started openly supporting campaigning groups by sending a dozen cheques for £1,000 each, including road protests groups such as Road Block and NoM1Widening, Hacan Clear Skies (anti-aviation group), and Dump the Dump (which is fighting against an incinerator).[22][23]

In 2011, Israel advocacy groups StandWithUs and United With Israel UK launched a campaign encouraging consumers to boycott Lush products on account of the company's decision to promote OneWorld's Freedom for Palestine initiative.[24][25]

Since 2013, Lush's 'Charity Pot' has included the campaign to release Guantanamo detainee Shaker Aamer to the UK, who is currently only cleared for release to Saudi Arabia.[26]

Lush Cosmetics donated £3.8m to charities in 2014.[27]

In 2014, Lush supported the first Hen Harrier Day, with all its UK stores prominently highlighting the illegal persecution of Hen Harriers on upland grouse moors.[28] The following year it launched Hen Harrier bath bombs to help fund satellite tagging of these raptors.[29]

In Summer 2015, Lush raised £275,000 ($425,000) from the worldwide sale of its "GayIsOK" soap, with funds going to support LBGTI campaigning groups.[30]

In 2016, Lush raised £246,000 ($300,000) from the sale of its "Hands of Friendship" soap, with funds going to support Syrian Refugees.[31]

Criticism[edit]

In 2014, UK newspaper the Daily Mail criticised Lush and Body Shop for implying that some cosmetics on sale elsewhere in Britain were still tested on animals, despite an EU-wide ban coming into force in 2013 (for which Lush had campaigned) which made it illegal to sell toiletries and make-up in the EU which had been tested on animals anywhere in the world.[32]

The following year it was criticized for insensitivity when it stocked a new product, Lavender Hill Mob – a brand of incense inspired by the 2011 London Riots, featuring a graphic of a burning building. Controversy arose when it was noted that this effort demonstrated more exploitation than humanitarianism.[33] Lavender Hill itself had been targeted by looters and rioters, but Lush stated that it was "created to emphasise the importance of community".[34][35]

In July 2018 Cosmetics retailer Lush has admitted owing more than 5000 staff members up to $2 million in back pay. Lush Australia director Peta Granger said staff across the retail and manufacturing businesses have been underpaid since 2010 due to incorrect interpretations of the retail award.[36]

#Spycops campaign[edit]

On 31 May 2018, Lush launched a campaign aimed to highlight previous abuses by undercover police officers in the UK. The company put up window displays in its stores with a mock-up of a police officer in and out of uniform alongside the tag-line “Paid to lie #Spycops”. In some stores replica police tape was put on the shopfront windows with: “Police have crossed the line.”[37] The campaign attracted immediate criticism from serving officers and members of the public due to its "broad brush" approach which appeared to suggest that police officers were liars and involved in a cover-up.[38] Many notable figures were critical of the campaign by Lush, including Chief Police Officers and the Home Secretary, Sajid Javid.[37] Lush responded to the backlash by stating that the campaign was "not an anti-state/anti-police campaign" and that they were aware "police forces of the UK are doing an increasingly difficult and dangerous job whilst having their funding slashed". They also stated that the campaign was "not about the real police work done by those front line officers who support the public every day - it is about a controversial branch of political undercover policing that ran for many years before being exposed."[39]

Lush suspended the window campaign "for the safety of our staff" on 8 June 2018,[40][41] but later resumed it on 13 June.[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lush.com WHOIS, DNS, & Domain Info - DomainTools". WHOIS. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  2. ^ "THE BIG BOOK: An Introduction To & History Of Cosmetics To Go". Lushie.com. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Teather, David (13 April 2007). "Interview: Mark and Mo Constantine, founders of LUSH cosmetics | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  5. ^ "Body Flop: Anita Roddick proclaimed that business could be caring as well as capitalist, by Jon Entine, The Globe and Mail Report on Business Magazine". Jonentine.com. 31 May 2002. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Business Lessons for the Entrepreneur from Lush, launchprivatelabel.com, 2012-10-04.
  7. ^ a b "Our History". www.lushusa.com. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  8. ^ "GradMoney: A New Investing Experience". GradMoney: A New Investing Experience. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  9. ^ "OBE for Dorset couple who founded cosmetics firm Lush". BBC News. 31 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2009. 
  11. ^ "Lush cosmetics are bubbling up everywhere". The Central Voice. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  12. ^ "Fashbox a beauty subscription box from Kuwait". Fashbox a beauty subscription box from Kuwait. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  13. ^ "LUSH". www.lushusa.com. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  14. ^ web-services (17 March 2014). "Recycling our black pots". 
  15. ^ "LUSH Fresh Handmade Cosmetics". Lush.com.au. 21 December 2002. Archived from the original on 18 February 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  16. ^ "Fresh Products". Lush.ca. 2012. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010. 
  17. ^ Hammond, Simon (2006). "8. Lush". BE Brands: Simon Hammond's creative brand revolution. Milton, Qld: John Wiley & Sons Australia. p. 100. ISBN 0731404556. 
  18. ^ "Lush – Still Against Animal Testing". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. 
  19. ^ "Still Against Animal Testing". Lush.co.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  20. ^ "Ground breaking Palm Free Base". Info.lush.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009. 
  21. ^ "LUSH and Sea Shepherd Launch Global Anti-Shark-Finning Campaign". 3 September 2009. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  22. ^ Bibi van der Zee (17 April 2007). "Guerrilla giveaway". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 January 2008. 
  23. ^ "CharityPot". LUSH. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2008. 
  24. ^ Ghert-Zand, Renee (5 July 2011). "LUSH Soap Brand Boycotted for Ties to Pro-Palestinian Group". The Forward. Retrieved 25 July 2011. Those of us who like to like to soften our skin are being asked to toughen our stance against one of the largest purveyors of natural soaps and cosmetics. The pro-Israel organization United With Israel is calling on people to boycott Lush products in response to the company’s financial support of OneWorld. 
  25. ^ "Don't Rush to Buy Lush (Cosmetics)". StandWithUs. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2011. We hope that as supporters of peaceful coexistence, you will decide to stop buying Lush products until Lush reverses this policy or at least until Lush’s North American subsidiary publicly distances itself from this campaign. We also hope that you will urge your family, friends, and community to do the same until Lush-UK stops supporting WoW and ends its involvement with campaigns that harm Israel and the peace process. 
  26. ^ "Guantanamo Bay - Free Shaker Aamer". LUSH Campaigns. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  27. ^ "Lush defies currency turmoil to post sweet-smelling profits". 
  28. ^ "Lush cosmetics launch national Hen Harrier Day campaign". markavery.info. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  29. ^ "Smell LUSH and save hen harriers!". www.rspb.org.uk. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  30. ^ "Lush raises $425,000 for LGBTI rights". www.gaystarnews.com. Gay Star News. 12 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  31. ^ "Lush raises $300,000 for Refugees". 
  32. ^ "Rap for Body Shop and Lush over ethics claims: Shops criticised for implying some cosmetics are still tested on animals despite ban introduced last year". Daily Mail. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  33. ^ Perring, Rebecca (2015-08-26). "Cosmetics chain Lush under fire for 'cashing in' on London riots with inspired perfume". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  34. ^ "Cosmetics chain Lush comes under fire for selling London riots inspired perfume". Evening Standard. 25 August 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  35. ^ "The Smell of bullshit". Mitherings from Morningside. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  36. ^ Wylie, Brooke (17 July 2018). "Lush Australia admits it underpaid staff by $2m, payroll errors could affect 5,000 employees". ABC News. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
  37. ^ a b PoliticsHome.com (2018-06-01). "Sajid Javid slams 'irresponsible' cosmetics chain Lush over 'spycops' campaign". PoliticsHome.com. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  38. ^ Andy Hayes (1 June 2018). "Outrage over Lush ad campaign as cosmetics firm claims police are 'paid to lie'". Sky News. London. Retrieved 1 June 2018. 
  39. ^ web-services (2018-06-01). "#SpyCops statement". Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetics UK. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  40. ^ "Lush drops 'anti-spy cops' campaign". BBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2018. 
  41. ^ Saner, Emine (20 June 2018). "How the Lush founders went from bath bombs to the spy cops row". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 
  42. ^ Evans, Rob (13 June 2018). "Cosmetics chain Lush resumes undercover police poster campaign". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 July 2018. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Lush (company) at Wikimedia Commons