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|Private limited company|
|Founded||November 12, 1995|
|Founder||Mark and Mo Constantine, Liz Weir, Helen Ambrosen, Rowena Bird and Paul Greaves|
|Headquarters||Poole, Dorset, UK|
Lush is a cosmetics retailer headquartered in Poole, Dorset, United Kingdom. The company was founded by Mark Constantine, a trichologist and Liz Weir, a beauty therapist. They met in a hair and beauty salon in Poole, UK. A few years later, they decided to branch out and start their own business selling natural hair and beauty products.
Mark Constantine, a herbal trichologist, and Elizabeth Weir had an interest in beauty therapy and formed a company named Constantine & Weir. In the early 1980s, Constantine read about Anita Roddick, who had just started The Body Shop. In the 1960s, Mark Constantine had hoped to go into theatrical makeup, but became a hairdresser. He called and offered some of his products; Roddick placed an initial order of £1,200. Constantine and Weir developed a number of recipes for bath and beauty products and were a major supplier to The Body Shop, until Roddick was consulted to take more products in house. The Body Shop then paid £11 million for the rights of Constantine & Weir's recipes. It was at this point The Body Shop decided to buy their product formulas.
The Body Shop's purchase of their product formulas forbade Mark and Liz from opening another shop for five years, so they set up a mail order cosmetics company called Cosmetics-To-Go. It was a successful although complicated venture that went into administration. It was sold to someone from Poole, who took the product formulas and the Cosmetics-To-Go name.
Creation of LUSH
Mark and Elizabeth, along with Mo Constantine, Helen Ambrosen, Rowena Bird and Paul Greaves from Cosmetics-To-Go, spent what money they had left on fresh fruits and vegetables at the market. In a shop in Poole, they hand-made products upstairs that were being sold downstairs. They had previously been paying another company to come up with the fragrances for their products, but found out the perfumes were not always pure, so Mark decided he would create the perfumes himself. A competition was launched for customers to give the company a new name. One customer suggested 'Lush', meaning fresh, green, and verdant. The company was recorded as being founded in 1995.
Lush is a privately owned company with a small number of shares available on an invitation basis only. The company's growth is based mainly upon partnerships. Lush is a limited partnership.[dubious ]
The company follows a "no advertising policy" in which the company does not spend money on TV campaigns, or celebrity endorsements and does not promote social media posts, and relies heavily on user-generated content. Products can also be advertised through staff engaging in "random acts of kindness" where they are allowed to give away products to customers in need of cheering up, are celebrating a special occasion, they have a good relationship with or other reasons.
The cost of products is based on the costs of the ingredients rather than what the market believes the cost should be, and the target market is young adult women ages 18–45, the urban adult women in highly populated cities, and a diverse market to match the wide range of products.
The company created a launch party for new products and to highlight others that occurs annually in Manchester. Highlights include sneak peeks at upcoming or exclusive products, ethical consumption panels, and opportunities to see how bath bombs were made as well as the ability for the consumer to make their own products. LUSH has described the event in 2017 as a "...kaleidoscope of imagination, invention and innovation" though "...four spheres of creativity spanning music, product, film, and technology."
Lush produces creams, soaps, shampoos, shower gels, lotions, moisturisers, scrubs, masks and other cosmetics for the face, hair, and body using only vegetarian or vegan recipes. Solid shampoos as well as "Toothy Tabs" which are solid toothpaste tablets are also available for purchase online and in retail stores. Lush is also best known for their bath bombs which are solid bars of sodium bicarbonate, citric acid, essential oils and natural butters that fizz out and can produce an array of colours. As of July 2012, Lush began selling their "Emotional Brilliance" makeup collection, which includes liquid lipsticks, liquid eyeliners, and cream shadows. Lush also launched their first mascara, Eyes Right, under the "Emotional Brilliance" line.
Lush products are made in factories or "kitchens" as the staff calls them, around the world including Poole, Dorset; Toronto, Canada; Zagreb, Croatia; Düsseldorf, Germany; and Australia. Lush marks its trademark black tub products with stickers of the actual creators of the product being sold, a unique trademark stamped on their recyclable polypropylene plastic black pots. The company also offers customers a way to recycle used black pots by bringing empty ones back to the store for a free Fresh Face Mask for every five returned. Most Lush products are to be stored at room temperature, with the exception of their Fresh Face Masks, which require refrigeration due to the absence of preservatives and the main ingredients being fruits and vegetables. Stores do not typically sell products older than four or five months and most products have a shelf life of approximately 14 months, depending on the particular item.
In-store catalogues were previously titled as the Lush Times and were produced in a newspaper-style format.
Lush products are 100% vegetarian, and often contain fruits and vegetables such as grapefruit juice, vanilla beans, avocado butter, rosemary oil, fresh papaya, and coconut. However, some products contain lanolin, milk, eggs, honey, and beeswax. Parabens are used to preserve a number of the products.
Ethics and campaigning
Lush does not buy from companies that carry out, fund, or commission any animal testing. They test their products on human volunteers before they are sold to the public. Lush has also phased out its use of sodium palm kernelate, which is often derived from trees in the natural habitat of orangutans and home to tropical forests with overall endangered biodiversity. Since 2008, all Lush soaps have been made with palm-free soap base, and they have since removed all traces of palm oil from the products. Whilst Lush soaps are currently Palm oil free the same cannot be said of their shampoo bars and other products.
Lush launched the 'Charity Pot' campaign in 2007. Charity Pot is a hand and body lotion with a self-preserving formula and a delicate floral perfume of ylang ylang and rosewood oils. Lush donates 100% of the price of every ‘Charity Pot’ purchased at their stores and online to small, grassroots organisations working in the areas of environmental conservation, animal welfare, and human rights. Since launching the Charity Pot program in 2007, Lush has donated more than $10,000,000 to over 850 grassroots charities in 42 countries.
Lush is a supporter of direct action, animal rights operations including Sea Shepherd, a group that works to protect whales, seals, and other aquatic animals. Lush has been a supporter of antitax avoidance grouping UK Uncut.
In 2007, Lush started openly supporting campaigning groups by sending a dozen cheques for £1,000 each, including road protests groups such as Road Block and NoM1Widening, Hacan Clear Skies (anti-aviation group), and Dump the Dump (which is fighting against an incinerator).
In 2011, Israel advocacy groups StandWithUs and United With Israel UK launched a campaign encouraging consumers to boycott Lush products on account of the company's decision to promote OneWorld's Freedom for Palestine initiative.
Lush Cosmetics donated £3.8m to charities in 2014.
In 2014, Lush supported the first Hen Harrier Day, with all its UK stores prominently highlighting the illegal persecution of hen harriers on upland grouse moors. The following year it launched Hen Harrier bath bombs to help fund satellite tagging of these raptors.
In 2016, Lush raised £246,000 ($300,000) from the sale of its "Hands of Friendship" soap, with funds going to support Syrian Refugees.
In 2014, UK newspaper the Daily Mail criticised Lush and Body Shop for implying that some cosmetics on sale elsewhere in Britain were still tested on animals, despite an EU-wide ban coming into force in 2013 (for which Lush had campaigned) which made it illegal to sell toiletries and make-up in the EU which had been tested on animals anywhere in the world.
The following year it was criticised for insensitivity when it stocked a new product, Lavender Hill Mob – a brand of incense inspired by the 2011 London Riots, featuring a graphic of a burning building. Controversy arose when it was noted that this effort demonstrated more exploitation than humanitarianism. Lavender Hill itself had been targeted by looters and rioters, but Lush stated that it was "created to emphasise the importance of community".
In July 2018, Lush Australia admitted owing more than 5000 staff members up to $2 million in back pay. Lush Australia director Peta Granger said staff across the retail and manufacturing businesses have been underpaid since 2010 due to incorrect interpretations of the retail award.
On 31 May 2018, Lush launched a campaign aimed to highlight previous abuses by undercover police officers in the UK. The company put up window displays in its stores with a mock-up of a police officer in and out of uniform alongside the tag-line “Paid to lie #Spycops”. In some stores replica police tape was put on the shopfront windows with: “Police have crossed the line.” The campaign attracted immediate criticism from serving officers and members of the public due to its "broad brush" approach which appeared to suggest that police officers were liars and involved in a cover-up. Many notable figures were critical of the campaign by Lush, including Chief Police Officers and the Home Secretary, Sajid Javid. Lush responded to the backlash by stating that the campaign was "not an anti-state/anti-police campaign" and that they were aware "police forces of the UK are doing an increasingly difficult and dangerous job whilst having their funding slashed". They also stated that the campaign was "not about the real police work done by those front line officers who support the public every day - it is about a controversial branch of political undercover policing that ran for many years before being exposed."
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Those of us who like to like to soften our skin are being asked to toughen our stance against one of the largest purveyors of natural soaps and cosmetics. The pro-Israel organisation United With Israel is calling on people to boycott Lush products in response to the company’s financial support of OneWorld.
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We hope that as supporters of peaceful coexistence, you will decide to stop buying Lush products until Lush reverses this policy or at least until Lush’s North American subsidiary publicly distances itself from this campaign. We also hope that you will urge your family, friends, and community to do the same until Lush-UK stops supporting WoW and ends its involvement with campaigns that harm Israel and the peace process.
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