|• Mayor||Fatos Tushe (SP)|
|• Municipality||372.72 km2 (143.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Administrative Unit||31,105|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Lushnjë (Albanian pronunciation: [ˈluʃɲə], in Lushnje's own dialect Lushnje [ˈluʃɲe], definite Albanian form: Lushnja; Turkish: Leşne) is a city in west-central Albania. It is located in the County of Fier. The total population is 83,659 (2011 census), in a total area of 372.72 km2.
In January 1920, Lushnje was a provisional capital of Albania and the place of the Congress of Lushnje. Chieftains of Albania assembled in the town and declared Tirana first a provisional and then the definitive capital of Albania.
3 km away from Lushnjë is the Savra Field. This field is on the Lushnjë-Fier road. Here the first battle between Principality of Zeta and Ottoman Empire occurred in 1385 (the Battle of Savra). In this battle Balsha II was killed. Along with Fier, Lushnjë was the main district of the concentration camps during the Communist Regime; some of the camps included the villages of Savër, Gradishtë, Bedat, Gjazë, Rrapëz, Plug, etc.
The Lushnje region is known as a main provider of agricultural products to the rest of the country, and home to a national Institute of Agricultural Research. During the Communist Regime the town had a number of factories: among them food processing and building materials, which were closed down for one reason or another in the aftermath of the fall of Communism.
Like most southern Albanian regions, the people of Lushnje speak a Tosk dialect. The population is mixed Orthodox and Muslim, typical of southern Albanian cities. Data from the 1918 census shows that the population of Lushnje was split almost evenly between Muslims and Christians at the time of independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Christians are mostly Orthodox, but there is a Catholic minority, while similarly the Muslims are mostly Sunni with a Bektashi minority. In modern days, like elsewhere in Albania, people in Lushnja tend not to be very religious if religious at all, regardless of whatever religion their ancestors professed.
KF Lushnja The club was originally formed in 1927 and the first football game held in the city of Lushnje was played shortly after. This was a friendly game against FK Tomori Berat and the team consisted of young men from Lushnje. The club was named Kongresi i Lushnjës following a proposal from a member of parliament and signatory of the Albanian Declaration of Independence Ferit Vokopola to name the club after the Congress of Lushnje, which was where Vokopola himself was elected secretary. In 1927 a young man named Ali Fuga returned from his studies in Austria and joined the club as a player and the head coach. He returned to Albania from Austria with shirts that would be used by the club, and they had green vertical stripes which were used to symbolise the fields of Myzeqe. Although the club was formed on 21 January 1927 it was not "officially" formed until 27 July 1930 shortly after the formation of the Albanian Football Association a month earlier. It was known then as the Kongresi i Lushnjës literacy-artistic society. The club's first official jerseys were green, and the first sports chief of the club was Ali Fuga, who had been a key member of the club's pre formation years. In 1945 they changed their name to KS Traktori Lushnja followed by a further name change in 1950 to SK Lushnja. In 1951 it was changed to Puna Lushnja, before they returned to KS Traktori Lushnja in 1958. In 1991 the club was named KF Lushnja. The club's main supporters' group is called the Ultras Delegatët.
Mayors of Lushnje
- Kujtim Haxhiu 1992-1996
- Agim Fuga 1996-1999
- Ylli Myftiu 1999-2003
- Kadri Gega 2003-2007
- Albert Sanxhaku 2007-2011
- Fatos Tushe 2011-2015
- Lindita Arapi - poet, writer
- Artan Bano - football player and manager
- Luli Bitri - actress
- Iljaz Çeço - football player
- Rezart Dabulla - football player
- Elini Dimoutsos - football player
- Gezim Hajdari - poet
- Abdurrahman Roza Haxhiu - footballer
- Vath Koreshi - writer, screen writer
- Rey Manaj - football player
- Fahredin Nuri - engineer
- Nebi Efendi Sefa - one of the founding fathers of modern Albania, signed the declaration of independence in 1912.
- Ferit bej Vokopola - one of the founding fathers of modern Albania, signed the declaration of independence in 1912.
- Margarita Xhepa - actress
- Vaçe Zela - singer
Twin towns - Sister cities
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Tatjana Dishnica on the history of the scientific agricultural institutes of Albania
- Siegfried Gruber. "Regional variation in marriage patterns in Albania at the beginning of the 20th century". www-gewi.uni-graz.at. Retrieved 2014-06-11., Seiner's 1918 data mapped here: http://www-gewi.uni-graz.at/seiner/density.html
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