Lushoto District

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Lushoto District

Wilaya ya Lushoto  (Swahili)
Aerial view
Aerial view
Location in Tanzania (dark green)
Location in Tanzania (dark green)
Seatmember of parliament
 • District CommissionerMajidi mwanga (shabani omari shekilindi)
 • Total4,091.62 km2 (1,579.78 sq mi)
 • Total492,441
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code(s)027
WebsiteDistrict website

Lushoto, known as Wilhelmstal during the German colonial rule, is one of the eight districts of Tanga Region in Tanzania. It is bordered to the northeast by Kenya, to the east by the Muheza District, to the northwest by the Kilimanjaro Region and to the south by the Korogwe District.


It was formerly known as Wilhelmstal (William's Valley) and was named after Emperor Wilhelm II.

During the German colonial period from the 1890s to 1918 the area was popular with settlers, hence the German place name of Wilhelmstal. Large farms and plantations were created, and the district was valued for its pleasant mountain climate. Numerous church missions were, and remain, active.

Between 1893 and 1911 the German Ostafrikanische Eisenbahngesellschaft (East African Railway Cooperation) constructed an important railway line starting at Tanga on the coast and passing along the Usambara Mountains with a station at Mombo, about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Wilhelmstal, to "New" Moshi at Kilimanjaro. The initial plan of the Usambarabahn was to connect the port of Tanga with Lake Victoria by passing south of the Usambara Mountains. This was in direct competition with parallel British efforts in colonial Kenya. From 4 June 1912 to 12 May 1913 the line was renamed Nordbahn (Northern Railway).

According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of the Lushoto District was 419,970.[1]


The Lushoto District is administratively divided into 32 wards as follows:

  1. Bagha
  2. Bumbuli
  3. Funa
  4. Gae
  5. Hemtoye
  6. Kwai
  7. Lunguza
  8. Lushoto (until World War I: Wilhelmstal)
  9. Malibwi
  10. Makanya
  11. Mbwei
  12. Magamba
  13. Mayo
  14. Mbaramo
  15. Mbuzii
  16. Mgwashi
  17. Mlalo
  18. Mlingano
  19. Mlola
  20. Mnazi (English meaning: coconut tree)
  21. Mng'aro
  22. Mponde
  23. Mtae
  24. Mwangoi
  25. Ngwelo
  26. Rangwi
  27. Shume
  28. Soni
  29. Sunga
  30. Tamota
  31. Ubiri
  32. Vugha
  33. Kannada
  34. Kilole
  35. Kwekanga

Kwemashai Ngulwi

Notable people[edit]


The Lushoto District contains the following 22 villages:

  1. dochi
  2. kitivo
  3. Vuga
  4. Wena
  5. Kwengeza
  6. Tekwa
  7. Bumbuli Kaya
  8. Bumbuli Mission
  9. Funta
  10. Kwehangala
  11. Kwadoe
  12. Kilangwi
  13. Mahange
  14. Magila
  15. Kwalei
  16. Dule
  17. Mayo
  18. Mshelemle
  19. Magamba
  20. Shume
  21. Mkuzi
  22. Gare



External links[edit]

Coordinates: 4°47′55″S 38°17′25″E / 4.79861°S 38.29028°E / -4.79861; 38.29028