Lusikisiki

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Lusikisiki
Lusikisiki is located in Eastern Cape
Lusikisiki
Lusikisiki
 Lusikisiki shown within Eastern Cape
Lusikisiki is located in South Africa
Lusikisiki
Lusikisiki
Lusikisiki (South Africa)
Lusikisiki is located in Africa
Lusikisiki
Lusikisiki
Lusikisiki (Africa)
Coordinates: 31°22′05″S 29°34′34″E / 31.368°S 29.576°E / -31.368; 29.576Coordinates: 31°22′05″S 29°34′34″E / 31.368°S 29.576°E / -31.368; 29.576
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District O.R.Tambo
Municipality Ingquza Hill
Established 1894
Area[1]
 • Total 4.09 km2 (1.58 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,028
 • Density 980/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 94.0%
 • Coloured 1.9%
 • Indian/Asian 1.8%
 • White 0.7%
 • Other 1.6%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 81.3%
 • English 8.3%
 • Zulu 2.2%
 • Other 8.2%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Postal code (street) 4820
PO box 4820
Area code 039
An aerial view of Mboyti, a small settlement and coastal resort located within the Lusikisiki area on the mouth of the Mboyti River.

Lusikisiki[edit]

Lusikisiki is a town in the Ingquza Hill Local Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The name is onomatopoeic, derived from the rustling sound of reeds in the wind[2], named by the local AmaMpondo people. Lusikisiki is 45 kilometers inland from and north of Port St Johns. The town is positioned along the R61 leading to Kokstad.

Climate[edit]

Lusikisiki receives high levels of rainfall, ranging between 874mm - 1060mm of rain per annum[3]. Rainfall is considered unseasonal, although Lusikisiki receives the majority of its rainfall during summer[4]. Winter temperatures reach their lowest in July, averaging 8 degrees Celsius at night. The area lies within Forest and Indian Coastal Thicket biomes, and White Milkwood (Sideroxylon inerme) are common.

History[edit]

Pre-colonial[edit]

Before European habitation in Lusikisiki, the AmaMpondo chief's kraal occupied what is now the present town village. In 1894 European settlers started settling in Lusikisiki after Mpondoland was annexed by the Cape Colony and a magistrate took up residence there.[5]

Apartheid era[edit]

In 1953 the South African Apartheid government made attempts to persuade the people of Lusikisiki to accept the rule of Bantu authorities which they had established. The government worked with Paramount Chief Botha Sigcau to attempt to start a rehabilitation scheme in Pondoland.[6]The scheme was presented to the Lusikisiki community but was rejected. A few days later, the police entered the area[7]. A man called Mngqinga led a large local group to attack the police. This was later known as the Lusikisiki Revolt.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Lusikisiki". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ RE Raper - HSRC. Dictionary of Southern African Place Names. 
  3. ^ "Climate Lusikisiki: Temperature, Climograph, Climate table for Lusikisiki - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2018-02-09. 
  4. ^ "Lusikisiki climate". www.saexplorer.co.za. Retrieved 2018-02-09. 
  5. ^ http://catholickokstad.mariannhillmedia.org/lusiki/ Accessed 15 January 2018
  6. ^ <ref>Thembela Kepe (2005) Magwa Tea Venture in South Africa: Politics, Land and Economics, Social Dynamics, 31:1, 261-279, DOI: 10.1080/02533950508628704
  7. ^ tinashe (2011-06-10). "Lusikisiki and Bizana". South African History Online. Retrieved 2018-02-09.