Lutetium(III) oxide

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Lutetium(III) oxide
Other names
Lutetium oxide, Lutetium sesquioxide
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.591
Molar mass 397.932 g/mol
Melting point 2,490 °C (4,510 °F; 2,760 K)
Boiling point 3,980 °C (7,200 °F; 4,250 K)
Solubility in other solvents Insoluble
Band gap 5.5 eV[1]
Related compounds
Other anions
Lutetium(III) chloride
Other cations
Ytterbium(III) oxide
Supplementary data page
Refractive index (n),
Dielectric constantr), etc.
Phase behaviour
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Lutetium(III) oxide, a white solid, is a cubic compound of lutetium sometimes used in the preparation of specialty glasses. It is also called lutecia. It is a lanthanide oxide, also known as a rare earth.[2]


In 1879, Jean-Charles-Galissard de Margnac (1817–1894), a French chemist, claimed to have discovered ytterbium, but he had found a mixture of elements. In 1907, a French chemist Georges Urbain (1872–1938) reported that ytterbium was a mixture of two new elements and not a single element. Two more chemists came to the same conclusion. They were from Germany, Karl Auer (1858–1929) and America, Charles James (1880–1926). The two compounds they discovered were neoytterbium and lutecium. However, none of these chemists dealt with pure lutetium. The compound they found was usually lutetium oxide.[3]


Lutetium(III) oxide is an important raw material for laser crystals.[4] It also has specialized uses in ceramics, glass, phosphors, and lasers. Lutetium(III) oxide is used as a catalyst in cracking, alkylation, hydrogenation, and polymerization.[2] The band gap of lutetium oxide is 5.5 eV.[1]


  1. ^ a b S. V. Ordin and A. I. Shelykh (2010). "Optical and dielectric characteristics of the rare-earth metal oxide Lu2O3". Semiconductors Volume 44, Number 5 (2010), 558-563. 44 (5): 558–563. doi:10.1134/S1063782610050027.
  2. ^ a b Lutetium Oxide. 1997-2007. Metall Rare Earth Limited.
  3. ^ Lutetium. 2005-2006. Bookrags.
  4. ^ Parsonage, Tina L.; Beecher, Stephen J.; Choudhary, Amol; Grant-Jacob, James A.; Hua, Ping; Mackenzie, Jacob I.; Shepherd, David P.; Eason, Robert W. (2015-12-14). "Pulsed laser deposited diode-pumped 74 W Yb:Lu_2O_3 planar waveguide laser" (PDF). Optics Express. 23 (25): 31691–7. doi:10.1364/oe.23.031691. ISSN 1094-4087. PMID 26698962.
  • Macintyre, J. E. (1992). Dictionary of Inorganic Compounds Volumes 1–3. London: Chapman & Hall.
  • Trotman-Dickenson, A. F. (1973). Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry. Oxford: Pergamon.