Luther H. Hodges
|15th United States Secretary of Commerce|
January 21, 1961 – January 15, 1965
|President||John F. Kennedy|
Lyndon B. Johnson
|Preceded by||Frederick H. Mueller|
|Succeeded by||John T. Connor|
|64th Governor of North Carolina|
November 7, 1954 – January 5, 1961
|Lieutenant||Luther E. Barnhardt|
|Preceded by||William B. Umstead|
|Succeeded by||Terry Sanford|
|22nd Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina|
January 8, 1953 – November 7, 1954
|Governor||William B. Umstead|
|Preceded by||Hoyt Patrick Taylor|
|Succeeded by||Luther E. Barnhardt|
Luther Hartwell Hodges
March 9, 1898
Cascade, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||October 6, 1974 (aged 76)|
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, U.S.
(m. 1922; her death 1969)
(m. 1970; his death 1974)
|Education||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (BA)|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Luther Hartwell Hodges (March 9, 1898 – October 6, 1974) was a businessman and American politician. After a career in textile manufacturing, he entered public service, gaining some state appointments. Elected as lieutenant governor of North Carolina in 1952, he succeeded to the Governor's office in 1954 after the death of the incumbent. He was elected in 1956 to a full four-year term, serving in total as the 64th Governor of the state of North Carolina from 1954 to 1961.
In 1961 he was appointed as United States Secretary of Commerce under President John F. Kennedy, serving until 1965. He returned to North Carolina and served as chairman of Research Triangle Park, a major facility established during his tenure as governor.
Hodges is also remembered as a racist, resisting integration of schools during the Civil Rights Movement and facilitating the brutal treatment and conviction of two african-american children for rape during the Kissing Case.
Hodges was born in Cascade, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, on March 9, 1898. At the age of two, he moved with his family to Spray (which later merged with two other towns to become Eden, North Carolina). After growing up there, he lived much of his life in Rockingham County, North Carolina.
Hodges left for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill at age 17, where he was a member of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies, and moved back to Eden after graduation. He went to work at Carolina Cotton and Woolen Mills in Leaksville. In 1923, he helped form the Leaksville Rotary Club, which later became known as the Eden Rotary.
Carolina Cotton was later purchased by Marshall Field. Hodges continued to work for the company, working his way up from millworker to executive positions, until he retired to enter politics. In the 1940s, he gained gubernatorial appointments to the state Board of Education and the Highway and Public Works Commission. In 1945, he served as a consultant to the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture and to the U.S. Army in occupied Germany.
Two years later, Hodges was elected on his own account to a full four-year term as governor. Because North Carolina had a one-term limit for governors at that time, Hodges had the longest continuous tenure in the office until the state constitution was changed and Jim Hunt was elected to a second term in 1980.
During his time in office, Governor Hodges promoted industrialization and education. He helped gain support for the establishment of Research Triangle Park, intended to attract innovation and industry to the North Carolina Piedmont, and to strengthen connections among the three universities involved. After Hodges completed his tenure in 1965 as Secretary of the Department of Commerce, he returned to Chapel Hill. He was appointed as Chairman of Research Triangle Park. In 1967, he served a one-year term as president of Rotary International.
Hodges opposed the US Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and resisted integrating public schools in the state. In a 1955 editorial, Bignall Jones expressed the governor's position, calling for "voluntary segregation" in the state. Jones wrote:
The white people of North Carolina control the state economically and politically and they will control it for many years to come. The fact may well be faced once and for all. The white people are determined that there shall be no mixed schools in this state. Before they allow this to happen they will pull down the pillars of the temple.— Bignall Jones 1955
In 1959, Hodges became involved in the Kissing Case, where two young African-American boys (one aged 9, and one aged 7) had been convicted of rape because a white girl (aged 8) had kissed them each on the cheek. They had been sentenced to the state reformatory. A range of activists, civil rights organizations, Eleanor Roosevelt and President Eisenhower, in addition to the international press, pressured Hodges for clemency. After three months Hodges pardoned them, but refused to apologize.:118  Former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt "led an international campaign on their behalf.":118:118
He died on October 6, 1974, in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, and is buried at the Overlook Cemetery in Eden, North Carolina. A monument was erected in his honor near a water fountain in Eden's Freedom Park.
- Lawrence Kestenbaum, ed. (nd), "Hodges, Luther Hartwell (1898-1974) — also known as Luther H. Hodges", Political Graveyard, retrieved January 19, 2017
- "Gallery of past presidents". Rotary International. Archived from the original on 22 January 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- Bignall Jones (April 2, 1955), "Only one way to maintain schools", The Warren Record, Warrenton, North Carolina: Hodges Papers. Box 21
- Timothy B. Tyson. Radio Free Dixie: Robert F. Williams and the Roots of Black Power. p. 328.
- Allida M. Black (1996), Casting Her Own Shadow: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Shaping of Postwar Liberalism, Columbia University Press, retrieved January 19, 2017 Missing or empty
- Sue Sturgis (April 25, 2014), "Remembering Southern Black freedom fighter Mabel Williams", Facing South, Institute of Southern Studies, retrieved January 19, 2017
- Allida M. Black (1996). Casting Her Own Shadow: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Shaping of Postwar Liberalism. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0231104050.
Hoyt Patrick Taylor
| Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina
Luther E. Barnhardt
William B. Umstead
| Governor of North Carolina
Frederick H. Mueller
| United States Secretary of Commerce
John T. Connor
|Party political offices|
William B. Umstead
| Democratic nominee for Governor of North Carolina
|Non-profit organization positions|
Richard L. Evans
| President of Rotary International