Luthern

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Luthern
Luthern.jpg
Coat of arms of Luthern
Coat of arms
Luthern is located in Switzerland
Luthern
Luthern
Location of Luthern
Karte Gemeinde Luthern 2013.png
Luthern is located in Canton of Lucerne
Luthern
Luthern
Luthern (Canton of Lucerne)
Coordinates: 47°4′N 7°55′E / 47.067°N 7.917°E / 47.067; 7.917Coordinates: 47°4′N 7°55′E / 47.067°N 7.917°E / 47.067; 7.917
Country Switzerland
Canton Lucerne
District Willisau
Area[1]
 • Total 37.76 km2 (14.58 sq mi)
Elevation 775 m (2,543 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 1,281
 • Density 34/km2 (88/sq mi)
Postal code 6156
SFOS number 1135
Surrounded by Eriswil (BE), Hergiswil bei Willisau, Sumiswald (BE), Trub (BE), Ufhusen, Willisau
Website www.luthern.ch
Profile (in German), SFSO statistics

Luthern is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Luthern is first mentioned in 1275 as Lutrun.[3]

Geography[edit]

Luthern has an area, as of 2006, of 37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi). Of this area, 47.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 47.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4] In the 1997 land survey, 47.49% of the total land area was forested. Of the agricultural land, 46.83% is used for farming or pastures, while 1.01% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the settled areas, 1.56% is covered with buildings, 0.16% is industrial, 0.4% is classed as special developments, 0.03% is parks or greenbelts and 1.4% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.61% is unproductive flowing water (rivers) and 0.53% is other unproductive land.[5]

The municipality is located in the upper Luthern valley, in the northern Napfgebiet. It consists of the village of Luthern and the hamlets of Luthernbad, Hofstatt and Flühlen as well as scattered farm houses.

Demographics[edit]

Luthern has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 1,281.[2] As of 2007, 29 or about 2.1% are not Swiss citizens.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -13.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (98.5%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 0.7%) and Albanian being third ( 0.6%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the CVP which received 65.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (17.7%), the FDP (12.8%) and the Green Party (2.2%).

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Luthern is; 375 people or 27.4% of the population is 0–19 years old. 332 people or 24.3% are 20–39 years old, and 417 people or 30.5% are 40–64 years old. The senior population distribution is 170 people or 12.4% are 65–79 years old, 66 or 4.8% are 80–89 years old and 9 people or 0.7% of the population are 90+ years old.[5]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Luthern about 51.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

As of 2000 there are 438 households, of which 84 households (or about 19.2%) contain only a single individual. 106 or about 24.2% are large households, with at least five members.[5] As of 2000 there were 303 inhabited buildings in the municipality, of which 128 were built only as housing, and 175 were mixed use buildings. There were 84 single family homes, 23 double family homes, and 21 multi-family homes in the municipality. Most homes were either two (77) or three (29) story structures. There were only 10 single story buildings and 12 four or more story buildings.[5]

Luthern has an unemployment rate of 0.4%. As of 2005, there were 358 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 140 businesses involved in this sector. 134 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 22 businesses in this sector. 191 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 28 businesses in this sector.[4] As of 2000 48.4% of the population of the municipality were employed in some capacity. At the same time, females made up 37.5% of the workforce.

In the 2000 census the religious membership of Luthern was; 1,263 (83.1%) were Roman Catholic, and 173 (11.4%) were Protestant, with an additional 8 (0.53%) that were of some other Christian faith. There are 5 individuals (0.33% of the population) who are Muslim. Of the rest; there were 13 (0.86%) who do not belong to any organized religion, 58 (3.82%) who did not answer the question.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
about 1695 ca. 600
1798 1,624
1850 2,002
1900 1,702
1950 1,977
2000 1,520

Weather[edit]

Luthern has an average of 147.4 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,474 mm (58.0 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Luthern receives an average of 162 mm (6.4 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 14.2 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 14.9, but with only 147 mm (5.8 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 97 mm (3.8 in) of precipitation over 14.2 days.[7]

Gallery[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Luthern in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 25-Aug-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e LUSTAT Lucerne Cantonal Statistics Archived 2011-11-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 12 August 2009
  6. ^ LUSTAT-Canton Lucerne Statistical Office Archived 2012-02-29 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 25 August 2009
  7. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 767 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]