Luxembourg (Belgium)

Coordinates: 49°55′N 5°25′E / 49.92°N 5.42°E / 49.92; 5.42
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Province of Luxembourg
Luxemburg (Dutch, German)
Coat of arms of Province of Luxembourg
Location of Province of Luxembourg
Coordinates: 49°55′N 5°25′E / 49.92°N 5.42°E / 49.92; 5.42
Country Belgium
Region Wallonia
(and largest city)
 • GovernorOlivier Schmitz
 • Total4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi)
 (1 January 2019)[2]
 • Total284,638
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
 • Total€7.887 billion (2021)
ISO 3166 codeBE-WLX
HDI (2019)0.899[4]
very high · 10th of 11

Luxembourg (French: Luxembourg [lyksɑ̃buʁ] ; Dutch: Luxemburg [ˈlyksəmˌbʏr(ə)x] ; German: Luxemburg [ˈlʊksm̩bʊʁk] ; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuəɕ] ; Walloon: Lussimbork), also called Belgian Luxembourg or West Luxembourg,[5][6] is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. It borders on the country of Luxembourg to the east, the French departments of Ardennes, Meuse and Meurthe-et-Moselle to the south and southwest, and the Walloon provinces of Namur and Liège to the north. Its capital and largest city is Arlon, in the south-east of the province.

It has an area of 4,459 km2 (1,722 sq mi), making it the largest Belgian province. With around 285,000 residents, Luxembourg is also the least populated province, with a density of 64/km2 (170/sq mi), making it a relatively sparsely settled part of a very densely populated region, as well as the lowest density in Belgium. It is significantly larger (71%) than, but has less than half the population of, the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. About eighty percent of the province is part of the densely wooded Ardennes region. The southernmost region of the province is called Gaume or Belgian Lorraine (main city: Virton).

The Arelerland or Arlon region (in red on the map of arrondissements, below) bordering the neighbouring Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg has the particularity that many of its residents have historically spoken Luxembourgish, a language closely related to German, rather than the French or Walloon spoken elsewhere in the province.

The province was separated from the grand-duchy by the Third Partition of Luxembourg, de jure in 1830–31 by the Conference of London dealing with the consequences of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, and de facto in 1839, after William I, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, agreed to the terms of the partition and the province was given to the newly created Kingdom of Belgium.

An unofficial flag of the province exists, with the current colours of Luxembourg (red, white, and blue), as well as the province's coat of arms on the foreground.[citation needed]


Province of Luxembourg composite map showing arrondissements (districts) and numbered municipalities.
Province of Luxembourg composite map showing arrondissements (districts) and numbered municipalities.

Luxembourg province is divided into five administrative districts (French: arrondissements) containing a total of 44 municipalities (French: communes).

The unofficial flag of the province.
Map no. Municipality Arrondissement
1 Arlon Arlon
2 Attert Arlon
3 Aubange Arlon
4 Bastogne Bastogne
5 Bertogne Bastogne
6 Bertrix Neufchâteau
7 Bouillon Neufchâteau
8 Chiny Virton
9 Daverdisse Neufchâteau
10 Durbuy Marche-en-Famenne
11 Érezée Marche-en-Famenne
12 Étalle Virton
13 Fauvillers Bastogne
14 Florenville Virton
15 Gouvy Bastogne
16 Habay Virton
17 Herbeumont Neufchâteau
18 Hotton Marche-en-Famenne
19 Houffalize Bastogne
20 La Roche-en-Ardenne Marche-en-Famenne
21 Léglise Neufchâteau
22 Libin Neufchâteau
23 Libramont-Chevigny Neufchâteau
24 Manhay Marche-en-Famenne
25 Marche-en-Famenne Marche-en-Famenne
26 Martelange Arlon
27 Meix-devant-Virton Virton
28 Messancy Arlon
29 Musson Virton
30 Nassogne Marche-en-Famenne
31 Neufchâteau Neufchâteau
32 Paliseul Neufchâteau
33 Rendeux Marche-en-Famenne
34 Rouvroy Virton
35 Sainte-Ode Bastogne
36 Saint-Hubert Neufchâteau
37 Saint-Léger Virton
38 Tellin Neufchâteau
39 Tenneville Marche-en-Famenne
40 Tintigny Virton
41 Vaux-sur-Sûre Bastogne
42 Vielsalm Bastogne
43 Virton Virton
44 Wellin Neufchâteau


The gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was €7.0 billion in 2018, accounting for 1.5% of Belgium's economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was €21,800 or 72% of the EU27 average in the same year. Luxembourg was the province with the lowest GDP per capita.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "be.STAT".
  2. ^ "Structuur van de bevolking | Statbel".
  3. ^ "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat". Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab".
  5. ^ "ARDENNE / BELGIAN LUXEMBOURG – Find 2018 Exhibitors – WTM London".
  6. ^ "The Improbable Ales of Belgian Luxembourg". DRAFT. 18 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.

External links[edit]