Luxembourg Airport

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Luxembourg Airport

Fluchhafe Lëtzebuerg

Aéroport de Luxembourg

Flughafen Luxemburg
LUX Airport logo.svg
Aeroport Findel Luxembourg terminal A 01.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorSociété de l’aéroport de Luxembourg S.A. lux-Airport
ServesLuxembourg City, Luxembourg
LocationSandweiler
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates49°37′24″N 006°12′16″E / 49.62333°N 6.20444°E / 49.62333; 6.20444Coordinates: 49°37′24″N 006°12′16″E / 49.62333°N 6.20444°E / 49.62333; 6.20444
Websitelux-airport.lu
Map
ELLX is located in Luxembourg
ELLX
ELLX
Location in Luxembourg
ELLX is located in Europe
ELLX
ELLX
ELLX (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 4,002 13,130 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers3,988,224
Cargo821,000 tons
Sources: Belgian AIP at Belgocontrol[1]
Statistics from Eurostat[2]

Luxembourg Airport (IATA: LUX, ICAO: ELLX) is the main airport in Luxembourg. Previously called Luxembourg Findel Airport due to its location at Findel, it is Luxembourg's only international airport and is the only airport in the country with a paved runway. It is located 3.25 NM (6.02 km; 3.74 mi) east[1] of Luxembourg City. In 2019, it handled 4.4 million passengers.[3][4] It is a major cargo airport, ranking as Europe's fifth-busiest by cargo tonnage and the world's 28th-busiest in 2010. Luxair, Luxembourg's international airline, and cargo airline Cargolux have their head offices on the airport property.[5][6]

History[edit]

Terminal interior

Early years[edit]

The airport was originally known as "Sandweiler Airport", and was opened in the 1930s as a small grass airfield with a relatively short, 3,400 ft (1,000 m) runway.[citation needed]

World War II[edit]

Neutral Luxembourg was invaded by Germany on 10 May 1940, and on 21 May the Luftwaffe assigned Jagdgeschwader 53 (JG 53), a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter unit, to the airport. JG 53 was engaged in combat against the French and British Expeditionary Force in France during the Battle of France in May and June. In addition, Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52) operated Bf 109s from Sandweiler during the Blitzkrieg. JG 52 moved into France on 29 May but JG 53 remained in Luxembourg until 18 August when it moved closer to the English Channel to take part in the Battle of Britain.[7]

Sandweiler Airport then remained unused by the Luftwaffe until September 1944, when Aufklärungsgruppe 123 (AKG 123), a reconnaissance unit which flew the Henschel Hs 126, a two-seat reconnaissance and observation aircraft, was assigned to the airport. AKG 123 moved east into Germany after only a few days when the United States Army moved through Luxembourg and cleared the country of the occupying German forces.[7]

Allied use[edit]

United States Army combat engineers arrived at Sandweiler in mid September 1944 and performed some minor reconstruction to prepare the airfield for Ninth Air Force combat aircraft. The airfield was designated as Advanced Landing Ground "A-97" Sandweiler and was opened on 18 September. The Ninth Air Force 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group operated a variety of photo-reconnaissance aircraft until 29 October 1944 when they also moved east into Germany.[8][9]

Sandweiler Airport was used by the Americans for the rest of the war as a transport supply airfield and also to evacuate combat casualties to the UK. It was returned to Luxembourgish control on 15 August 1945.[10]

Present[edit]

Using a Boeing 767, Luxair launched direct flights to Newark in March 1999.[11][12] The route proved unprofitable, so the carrier cancelled it later that year.[13]

Luxembourg Airport has constructed a high-security zone far away from most airport activities in order to attract the business of transporting valuable goods such as art and jewels. According to Hiscox, there is a "massive demand" for such a hub for precious cargo. Planes taxi away from main airport facilities before loading.[14]

In 2015, the airline with the largest share of the airport's total passenger volume was still Luxair with 1.69 million passengers at a 63% share.[15]

Luxembourg Airport was closed to all passenger traffic for a week from 23 March to 29 March 2020 as a public health measure during the COVID-19 pandemic.[16][17]

Approach or ascent over the western end of the runway goes over the railway station area of the inner city at fairly low altitude, which gives noise there.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal A[edit]

Built in 1975, the building was the only terminal of the airport for 30 years, until terminal B opened in 2004. The terminal was getting overcrowded especially during the summer period, and only contained four shops, a post office and a restaurant. The terminal started to be demolished at the end of 2011 and was complete by March 2012; this was in order to make way for a footbridge connecting terminal B to the new terminal A. Construction of the new Terminal A started in 2005 and it was inaugurated in May 2008.[18]

Terminal B[edit]

Terminal B opened in 2004, the building is unique as it only has gates and no check-in counters or arrivals hall. It was built for small planes with a maximum capacity of 50 people. It can handle up to 600,000 passengers a year. The Terminal reopened in the summer of 2017 after some arrangements to handle aircraft with a capacity of up to 110 passengers and a total of 1 million passengers annually .[19] It is mainly used by Luxair's Q400 fleet.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Luxembourg Airport:[20]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
British Airways London–City, London–Heathrow
easyJet Bordeaux, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa, Porto
ITA Airways Milan–Linate
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Bari, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin, Bologna, Bucharest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Djerba, Dublin, Faro, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London–City, Madrid, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Montpellier, Munich, Nice, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–South, Tunis, Venice, Vienna
Seasonal: Agadir, Ajaccio, Almería, Antalya, Bastia, Biarritz, Boa Vista, Bordeaux (resumes 13 August 2022) [21] Brindisi, Burgas, Cagliari, Calvi, Catania, Corfu, Dubai–International, Dubrovnik, Figari, Heraklion, Heringsdorf, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Lamezia Terme, La Rochelle, Malta, Marrakesh, Menorca, Monastir, Mykonos, Naples, Palermo, Rhodes, Rimini, Rostock, Sal, Sälen-Trysil, Salzburg, Santorini, Split, Sylt,[22] Thessaloniki, Tivat, Toulon, Valencia, Varna, Zadar
RyanairBarcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Faro, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Madrid, Malta, Marseille, Porto
Seasonal: Berlin, Palma de Mallorca, Seville, Toulouse (begins 30 October 2022)[23]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Porto
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Volotea Seasonal: Ajaccio,[24] Alicante, Nice, Toulouse, Venice

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Cargolux[25] Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Aguadilla, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bahrain, Baku, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Bogotá, Brazzaville, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Campinas–Viracopos, Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Cotopaxi, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Curitiba-Afonso Pena, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dammam, Doha, Dubai–International, Fortaleza, Guadalajara, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Kinshasa, Komatsu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuwait, Lagos, Libreville, London–Stansted, Los Angeles, Lubumbashi, Lusaka, Maastricht, Manaus, Melbourne, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Mumbai, Muscat, N'Djamena, Nagoya–Centrair, Nairobi-Kenyatta, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo, Petrolina, Prestwick, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San Juan, Santiago de Chile, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharjah, Shenzhen,[26] Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Tbilisi, Vienna, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
China Airlines Cargo[27] Delhi, Dubai–International, Mumbai, Prague, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Southern Airlines[28] Shanghai–Pudong
Emirates SkyCargo[29] Dubai–Al Maktoum
Qatar Airways Cargo[30] Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Doha, Mexico City, São Paulo–Guarulhos
Silk Way Airlines[31] Baku

Statistics[edit]

Routes[edit]

Busiest Routes from Luxembourg Airport (2019)
Rank Airport Passengers 2019
1 Porto Airport 339,505
2 Lisbon Airport 311,867
3 Munich Airport 216,312
4 Frankfurt Airport 202,300
5 Amsterdam Airport 184,711
Source: [2]

Passengers[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at LUX airport. See source Wikidata query.
Passengers [32]
1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2019 2020
6 525 55 591 476 938 670 159 1 072 264 1 267 640 1 669 484 1 573 825 1 630 027 1 919 694 2 467 864 3 022 918 4 036 878 4 416 038 1 446 354

Traffic[edit]

Movements, freight and night flights [32]
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2019 2020
International movements 39 738 46 586 61 189 65 446 57 537 59 785 62 260 69 577 79 101 80 557 43 635
Local movements 22 976 24 912 24 322 24 211 22 957 21 378 21 962 16 825 15 485 14 428 21 066
Freight (kg) 142 956 417 286 380 935 499 910 851 742 341 598 705 079 728 614 904 815 708 077 753 801 807 232 894 648 866 853 354 139 905 222 594
Night flights 764 886 1 069 1 550 1 256 1 554 1 991 2145 1951 1420
Movements by airplane category [32]
1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2019 2020
0-2t Propeller 2 656 8 569 9 796 8 744 14 174 33 657 36 415 39 325 29 015 28 386 28 468 25 119 23 481 22 346 16 472 20 339
2-5t Propeller 338 136 313 1 553 982 1 794 1 802 1 549 1 919 2 028 1 955 5 834 5 158 4 167 3 932 5 170
>5t Propeller 608 2 688 4 016 6 853 7 927 6 945 7 554 12 266 18 043 22 660 19 536 7 581 11 034 14 817 21 862 9 173
Jet 390 2 952 6 683 8 833 9 271 13 737 16 588 35 552 51 123 40 821 43 701 52 719 30 020

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport can be reached via autoroute A1 (Luxembourg City - Trier) and is also connected with the surrounding areas by public bus transport routes 29, which also reaches Luxembourg railway station, and 16 as well as by a cross-border coach service to nearby Trier in Germany.[33]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Claims of language discrimination[edit]

In 2021, it was announced that public announcements in Luxembourgish (and in German as well) at Luxembourg Airport would cease after many decades of use; it would only be using French and English for future public announcements.[37] Actioun Lëtzebuergesch declared itself to be hugely upset by this new governmental measure, citing that other airports in the world seem to have no problems making public announcements in multiple languages; according to a poll conducted by AL, 92.84% of people in Luxembourg wished to have public announcements to be made in Luxembourgish at Luxembourg Airport.[38]

All written signs at Luxembourg Airport are only in French and English. This non-use of Luxembourgish and German (two official languages of Luxembourg) have fueled claims of a language discrimination, some pointing out that other airports seem to have no difficulties using up to 4 different languages in written signs. (Palma de Mallorca Airport for example uses Mallorquí, English, Spanish and German, the latter not even being an official language of the country)[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website https://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b ELLX – LUXEMBOURG / Luxembourg (also PDF). AIP from Skeyes.
  2. ^ "European Commission". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2017-08-24.
  3. ^ "Luxembourg airport recorded passenger increase in 2019". Lux-Airport s.a. 21 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Luxembourg Airport - My Journey Starts Here". Luxembourg Airport.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Legal." Luxair. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "Luxair S.A. LuxairGroup Luxembourg Airport L-2987 Luxembourg."
  6. ^ "Network & Offices Luxembourg Archived 2011-07-08 at the Wayback Machine." Cargolux. Retrieved on 15 May 2010. "Cargolux Head Office Luxembourg Airport L 2990 Luxembourg"
  7. ^ a b "The Luftwaffe, 1933-45". Ww2.dk. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  8. ^ "IX Engineer Command". Ixengineercommand.com. Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  9. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  10. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  11. ^ "Routes". Flight International. 30 March 1999. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  12. ^ Leney, Peter (26 June 1999). "Luxembourg: A world apart". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  13. ^ "Losses prompt Luxair to re-focus on Europe". Flight International. 5 March 2001. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  14. ^ Michaels, Daniel (19 February 2013). "Gunmen Waylay Jet, Swipe Diamond Trove". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
  15. ^ "Air travel: lux-Airport expects 6 percent growth, new destinations in 2016". 8 January 2016. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  16. ^ (in French) Le Findel ferme aux voyageurs dès lundi. L'Essentiel, 19 Mars 2020, [1]
  17. ^ "Covid-19 Faq".
  18. ^ "The History of Luxembourg Airport". Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  19. ^ L'essentiel (26 May 2016). "Le terminal B du Findel rouvrira pour l'été 2017".
  20. ^ "Timetable - Flight Information - Luxembourg Airport". Lux-airport.lu. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  21. ^ https://www.luxair.lu/sites/default/files/2022012%20-%20Perseverance%20and%20ingenuity%20were%20the%20key%20words%20for%20Luxair%20in%202021.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  22. ^ "Flüge von und nach Sylt: Neue Fluglinie verbindet die Nordseeinsel ab Mai mit Luxemburg | SHZ.de". 16 September 2021.
  23. ^ "Rayanir website". Ryanair.com.[not specific enough to verify]
  24. ^ "Volotea étoffe son programme depuis Ajaccio, Deauville et Toulouse".
  25. ^ cargolux.com - Network & Offices retrieved 6 March 2020
  26. ^ "Cargolux adds Shenzhen to its global network". 18 September 2020.
  27. ^ cargo.china-airlines.com - Our Network retrieved 6 March 2020
  28. ^ "China Southern Cargo atterrit au Findel".
  29. ^ skycargo.com - Network retrieved 6 March 2020
  30. ^ qrcargo.com - Route Network retrieved 6 March 2020
  31. ^ silkway-airlines.com - Our Network Archived 2020-02-21 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 6 March 2020
  32. ^ a b c Wagner, Jean (14 January 2021). "global-for-the-public-2020" (PDF). data.public.lu. Administration de la navigation aérienne (ANA). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  33. ^ lux-airport.lu - Getting to the airport retrieved 1 July 2022
  34. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009.
  35. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 62M CCCP-86470 Luxembourg-Findel Airport (LUX)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
  36. ^ aviation-safety.net retrieved 2 September 2020
  37. ^ "Findel airport: Public announcements no longer available in Luxembourgish". today.rtl.lu. Retrieved 2021-10-13.
  38. ^ D’Sprooche vun den automateschen Ukënnegungen um Flughafe Findel, Actioun Lëtzebuergesch, 7 September 2021
  39. ^ Actioun Lëtzebuergesch: D’Sprooche vun den automateschen Ukënnegungen um Flughafe Findel, Guy Kaiser, September 8, 2021

External links[edit]

Media related to Luxembourg-Findel International Airport at Wikimedia Commons