Luxembourg general election, 2018

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Luxembourg general election, 2018

← 2013 14 October 2018

All 60 seats of the Chamber of Deputies.
31 seats needed for a majority
Turnout89.66%
  First party Second party Third party
  Claude Wiseler arrival TK IST-LUX.jpg Tallinn Digital Summit. Handshake Xavier Bettel and Jüri Ratas (36718144533) CROP BETTEL.jpg Informal meeting of justice and home affairs Handshake (Justice) Urmas Reinsalu and Etienne Schneider (34915138884) - crop Schneider.jpg
Leader Claude Wiseler Xavier Bettel Etienne Schneider
Party CSV DP LSAP
Last election 23 seats, 33.66% 13 seats, 18.27% 13 seats, 20.28%
Seats won 21 12 10
Seat change Decrease 2 Decrease 1 Decrease 3
Popular vote 999,381 597,080 621,332
Percentage 28.31% 16.91% 17.60%
Swing Decrease 5.35% Decrease 1.36% Decrease 2.68%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Sven Clement LK2011.jpg
Leader Christian Kmiotek Jean Schoos Sven Clement
Party DG ADR Pirates
Last election 6 seats, 10.13% 3 seats, 6.64% 0 seats, 2.94%
Seats won 9 4 2
Seat change Increase 3 Increase 1 Increase 2
Popular vote 533,893 292,388 227,549
Percentage 15.12% 8.28% 6.45%
Swing Increase 4.99% Increase 1.64% Increase 3.51%

  Seventh party
 
Leader collective leadership
Party DL
Last election 2 seats, 4.94%
Seats won 2
Seat change Steady 0
Popular vote 193,594
Percentage 5.48%
Swing Increase 0.54%

Map of the Luxembourg general election, 2018.svg
A map of the results by each constituency

Prime Minister before election

Xavier Bettel
DP

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

General elections were held in Luxembourg on 14 October 2018. All 60 seats of the Chamber of Deputies were elected.

The incumbent Bettel–Schneider Ministry was made up of a coalition of the Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), and the Greens. The largest party in Parliament, the Christian Social People's Party (CSV), was in the opposition.

Date[edit]

There was some debate about when the election ought to be held. Article 56 of the Constitution of Luxembourg defines that deputies are elected for a five-year term, which would mean holding an election by October 2018, five years after the 20 October 2013 snap election. However, article 123 of the Electoral Law of 2003 states that "In case of dissolution of the Chamber, the end of tenure dates for deputies elected after the dissolution, will occur in the year following the opening of the fifth ordinary session." Since the fifth ordinary session would be opened in late 2018, the election would need to be held in 2019, likely concurrent with the June 2019 European Parliament elections, exceeding the constitutional five-year term. The electoral law was thus seen as conflicting with the constitution, and the politicians intended to amend the law and hold general elections in October 2018.[1][2] The law modification of 15 December 2017 removes June as month for regular parliamentary elections, and instead fixes the election date when the parliamentary term expires, i.e. five years after the previous election.[3][4]

Electoral system[edit]

Map of Luxembourg's constituencies with number of seats

The 60 members of the Chamber of Deputies will be elected by proportional representation in four multi-member constituencies; 9 in Nord constituency, 7 in Est, 23 in Sud and 21 in Centre. Voters can vote for a party list or cast multiple votes for as many candidates as there are seats. Seat allocation is calculated in accordance with the Hagenbach-Bischoff quota.[5]

Only Luxembourg citizens may vote in general elections. A proposal to extend voting rights to foreigners who have lived in Luxembourg for at least 10 years and have previously voted in a European or local election in Luxembourg, was decisively rejected in a 2015 referendum. Voting is mandatory for eligible Luxembourg citizens who live in Luxembourg and are under 75 years of age.[6] Luxembourg citizens who live abroad may vote by post at the commune in which they most recently lived in Luxembourg.[7] Luxembourg citizens who were born in Luxembourg but have never lived there may vote by post at the commune in which they were born.[7] Luxembourg citizens who were not born in Luxembourg and have never lived there may vote by post at the commune of Luxembourg City.[7]

Campaign[edit]

On 2 March 2018, the Alternative Democratic Reform Party announced an electoral alliance with the Wee 2050-Nee 2015 movement, which had formed itself as a citizen's movement fighting for the "3 x no" in the 2015 referendum. This agreement gives the movement up to eight slots on the ADR's lists.[8]

Opinion polls[edit]

Seat projections[edit]

Date Source CSV LSAP DP DG ADR DL KPL
Jun 2018 TNS 26 9 10 7 5 3
Dec 2017 TNS 27 10 10 6 4 3
May 2017 TNS 29 10 9 6 3 3
Dec 2016 TNS 28 10 10 6 3 3
Jun 2016 TNS 27 10 7 7 6 3
Jun 2016 Tageblatt 27 10 7 7 6 3
Jan 2016 TNS 27 10 8 6 5 3 1
20 Oct 2013 Election 23 13 13 6 3 2

Contesting parties[edit]

The following parties are contending in the election:[9]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Social People's Party 999,381 28.31 21 –2
Socialist Workers' Party 621,332 17.60 10 –3
Democratic Party 597,080 16.91 12 –1
The Greens 533,893 15.12 9 +3
Alternative Democratic Reform Party 292,388 8.28 4 +1
Pirate Party Luxembourg 227,549 6.45 2 +2
The Left 193,594 5.48 2 0
Communist Party of Luxembourg 44,916 1.27 0 0
Democracy 10,320 0.29 0 New
The Conservatives 9,516 0.27 0 New
Total 3,529,969 100 60 0
Valid votes 216,177 92.77
Invalid/blank votes 16,837 7.23
Total votes cast 233,014 100
Registered voters/turnout 259,887 89.66
Source: Government of Luxembourg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "When will Luxembourg hold national elections?". Wort.lu. 12 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Parlamentswahlen finden «im Oktober 2018» statt". L'essentiel. 13 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Nationalwahlen im Oktober 2018". Wort.lu. 28 October 2016.
  4. ^ 7095 - Projet de loi portant modification de la loi électorale modifiée du 18 février 2003, Chamber of Deputies
  5. ^ Electoral system IPU
  6. ^ "Voting in legislative elections - Citoyens // Luxembourg". guichet.public.lu. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  7. ^ a b c "Vote par correspondance" (in French). Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  8. ^ ADR kooperéiert mam Wee 2050/Nee 2015 Alternative Democratic Reform Party, 2 March 2008
  9. ^ "Wahlen im Oktober: Listennummern stehen fest". Wort.lu. 17 August 2018.