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Henry Lux head.jpg
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Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Luxembourg     ~300,800[1]
 France 45,000[2]
 United States 40,658[3][4]
 Belgium 30,000[2]
 Brazil 25,000 - 80,000[5]
 Germany 15,596[6]
 Canada 3,790[7]
Luxembourgish, French, Standard German
Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholic, some Protestants)
Related ethnic groups
Germans, French, Belgians, Alsatians

Luxembourgers are an ethnic group[8] native to Luxembourg sharing the culture of Luxembourg or being of Luxembourgish descent. Legally, Luxembourgers are citizens of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The corresponding adjective is "Luxembourgish".[9][10]


Most ethnic Luxembourgers live in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, a small country located in Europe between Germany, France, and Belgium, and are of Celtic and Germanic origin. Most speak Luxembourgish, as their native language, in addition to French and German. (Although Luxembourgish is quite similar to German, it is distinct enough to be considered a separate language and not merely a dialect of German.[citation needed]) Despite the rather small number of Luxembourgers, there is a relatively large diaspora, in Europe and elsewhere. Particularly, there are populations in the surrounding countries of Belgium, France, and Germany. For the most part, this is due to historic reasons, especially the three Partitions of Luxembourg, which led to former territories of Luxembourg being incorporated into each of the three surrounding countries.

There are also significant populations in the Americas, with the largest contingent being in the United States. However, many people of Luxembourgish descent live in Canada and Brazil, to which large waves of Luxembourgers emigrated in the nineteenth century, as did Germans at the same time.[5] Others migrated to Hungary along with Germans during the first phase of German eastward settlement in the 12th century. Transylvanian Saxons are the descendents of these settlers.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Population par sexe et par nationalité (x 1 000) 1981, 1991, 2001 - 2014". Le portail des statistiques. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  2. ^ a b "Luxembourgish". Ethnologue. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  3. ^ "Total US population by ancestry". United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  4. ^ "Luxembourgers in America". Library of Congress. 12 January 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  5. ^ a b Wey, Claude (2002). "L’émigration luxembourgeoise vers l’Argentine" (PDF) (in French). CDMH. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  6. ^ "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland (Stand: 31. Dezember 2014)". 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  8. ^ Cole (2011), p. 246
  9. ^ Oxford English Dictionary: Luxemburgisch, Luxembourgish; Oxford English Dictionary: Luxembourgeois
  10. ^ European Union Interinstitutional Style Guide: List of countries, territories and currencies