Luxembourgish nationality law
Luxembourgish nationality law is ruled by the Constitution of Luxembourg.
Since 1 January 2009, Luxembourg has allowed dual citizenship. Since then, many Belgians have made use of the new law to adopt Belgian-Luxembourgish citizenship, especially Belgians living in Arelerland, a part of the Belgian province of Luxembourg at the border with the Grand Duchy.
After the amendments to the nationality law which took effect in April 2017, nationality is normally awarded by jus sanguinis with limited jus soli provisions. However, one may request Luxembourgish nationality through naturalisation or option.
Naturalization is permitted under several conditions:
- being at least eighteen years old
- five years of legal residence in the Grand Duchy, including an uninterrupted period of one year immediately before applying for citizenship
- passing an exam testing knowledge of the Luxembourgish language
- taking a course on "living together in the Grand Duchy" and passing the associated examination
Obtaining nationality by option is permitted to, among others :
- those married to a Luxembourgish citizen for at least three years, provided the language and "living together in the Grand Duchy" examinations are passed;
- those born in Luxembourg to non-Luxembourgish parents, upon reaching the age of 12, provided the parents legally resided in Luxembourg for the twelve months prior to their birth;
- those who have continuously lived in Luxembourg for twenty years if a language course is taken; and
- those who have had seven years of schooling in the Grand Duchy.
It is also possible to "recover" Luxembourg nationality if one can prove he had an ancestor who was Luxembourgish as of 1 January 1900. The Luxembourg diaspora at the time moved to France, Belgium and the US. As of the end of 2013, thousands of people recovered the nationality of their Luxembourgish ancestor.
Citizenship of the European Union
Travel freedom of Luxembourgish citizens
Visa requirements for Luxembourgish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Luxembourg. In 2015, Luxembourgish citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 171 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgish passport 3rd in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.
- "Dual Citizenship". Washington, D.C.: Embassy of Luxemburg. Retrieved 2009-02-12
- "Veel Belgen willen ook Luxemburger worden" (in Dutch). 2011-01-21. Retrieved 2011-01-22.