Luz Long

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Luz Long
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-G00630, Sommerolympiade, Siegerehrung Weitsprung.jpg
Personal information
Birth nameCarl Ludwig Long
National teamGermany
Born(1913-04-27)27 April 1913
Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire
Died14 July 1943(1943-07-14) (aged 30)
Acate, Sicily, Italy
Height1.84 m (6 ft 0 in)
Military career
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch German Army
Years of service1941-1943
Battles/warsWorld War II

Carl Ludwig "Luz" Long (27 April 1913[1] – 14 July 1943) was a German Olympic long jumper, notable for winning the silver medal in the event at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin and for his association with Jesse Owens, who went on to win the gold medal for the long jump.[2] Luz Long won the German long jump championship six times in 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, and 1939.

Long was killed while serving in the German Army during World War II.[3]

Early life[edit]

Long studied law at the University of Leipzig, where in 1936 he joined the Leipziger Sport Club.[4][5][6] After graduating, he practiced as a lawyer in Hamburg while continuing his interest in sport.[7]

1936 Olympic Games[edit]

Autograph signed after his Olympic medal win
Luz Long walking arm in arm with Jesse Owens through the Berlin Olympic Stadium

The 21-year-old, 1.84-metre-tall (6'½") Long had finished third in the 1934 European Championships in Athletics with 7.25 metres (23'9½"). By the summer of 1936, Long held the European record in the long jump and was eager to compete for the first time against Jesse Owens, the American world-record holder. The long jump on 4 August was Long's first event against Owens, and Long met his expectations by setting an Olympic record during the preliminary round. In contrast, Owens fouled on his first two jumps. Knowing that he needed to reach at least 7.15 metres (about 23 feet 5½ inches) on his third jump in order to advance to the finals in the afternoon, Owens sat on the field, dejected.

Speaking to Long's son in 1964, Owens said that Long went to him during the Olympics and told him to try to jump from a spot several inches behind the take-off board. Since Owens routinely made distances far greater than the minimum of 7.15 metres (23'5½") required to advance, Long surmised that Owens would be able to advance safely to the next round without risking a foul trying to push for a greater distance. Owens later admitted that this was not true, as he and Long never met until after the competition was over.[8] On his third qualifying jump, Owens was calm and jumped with at least four inches (10 centimeters) to spare, easily qualifying for the finals.[9] In the finals competition later that day, the jumpers exceeded the old Olympic record five times.[10]

Owens went on to win the gold medal in the long jump with 8.06 metres (26'5¼") while besting Long's own record of 7.87 metres (25'9¾"). Long won the silver medal for second place and was the first to congratulate Owens: they posed together for photos and walked arm-in-arm to the dressing room. Owens said, "It took a lot of courage for him to befriend me in front of Hitler... I would melt down all the medals and cups I have and they wouldn't be a plating on the twenty-four karat friendship that I felt for Luz Long at that moment".[2] Long's competition with Owens is recorded in Leni Riefenstahl's documentary Olympia – Fest der Völker.[11]

Two days later, Long finished 10th in the triple jump. He went on to finish third in the 1938 European Championships in Athletics long jump with 7.56 metres (24'9½").

World War II[edit]

Luz Long served in the Wehrmacht during World War II, having the rank of Obergefreiter. During the Allied invasion of Sicily in Italy, Long was injured on July 10, 1943, in the battle for the Biscari-Santo Pietro airfield, and died 4 days later in a British military hospital.[12][13] He was buried in the war cemetery of Motta Sant'Anastasia[14] in Sicily.

Long and Owens corresponded after 1936. In his last letter, Long wrote to Owens and asked him to contact his son Karl after the war and tell him about his father and "what times were like when we not separated by war. I am saying—tell him how things can be between men on this earth".[15] After the war, Owens travelled to Germany to meet Karl Long. Long is seen with Owens in the documentary Jesse Owens Returns To Berlin where he is in conversation with Owens in the Berlin Olympic Stadium.[16][17]


Roads near sports facilities in Long's home town of Leipzig,[18] and in the Munich Olympia Park[5] of 1972 are named after him. His medal, photos, and documents were donated[19] to the Sportmuseum Leipzig.[20]

In popular culture[edit]

In the film The Jesse Owens Story (1984), he is portrayed by Kai Wulff.

In the film Race, he is played by David Kross.


  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Luz Long Bio, Stats, and Results | Olympics at". Olympics at Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b Schwartz, Larry (2007). " Owens pierced a myth". Retrieved 14 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Olympians Who Were Killed or Missing in Action or Died as a Result of War". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  4. ^ Leipzig Tourist service Archived 17 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b Luz-Long-Ufer – Dr. Luz Long (1913–1944). Mehrmaliger Deutscher Meister und Europarekordinhber bei den Olympischen Spielen 1936 in Berlin. Im zweiten Weltkrieg in Italien gefallen.
  6. ^ [1] Archived 14 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ 27. April 1913: Geburtstag Carl Ludwig "Luz" Long – Für den Leipziger Sportclub holte er in den Zwanziger- und Dreißigerjahren alle wichtigen Leichtathletiktitel. In Leipzig ist heute eine Straße nach ihm benannt. Als deutsche Hoffnung ging Carl Ludwig – genannt Luz – Long 1936 bei den Olympischen Spielen in Berlin an den Start. Hitler setzte auf den großen, blonden, blauäugigen Weitspringer. Und wirklich: Luz Long sprang Europarekord und holte die Silbermedaille – hinter Jesse Owens. Der schwarze US-Amerikaner gewann vier Goldmedaillen. Die beiden Sportler freundeten sich an, sehr zum Missfallen des NS-Regimes. Nach den Spielen wurde Luz Long Jurist und ließ sich in Hamburg nieder. Später wurde er eingezogen und fiel im Juli 1943 – mit nur 30 Jahren – auf Sizilien. - by Ariane Hoffmann, at
  8. ^ Goldman, Tom (14 August 2009). "Was Jesse Owens' 1936 Long-Jump Story A Myth?". Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  9. ^ Jesse Owens Returns To Berlin (at 29:30) on YouTube
  10. ^ Mandell, Richard D. The Nazi Olympics. (1987 reprint of 1972 original) page 166-167.
  11. ^ Luz Long
  12. ^ "Als Jesse Owens dem Rassenwahn davonlief". Handelsblatt. 3 August 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  13. ^ Rowbottom, Mike (4 August 2016). "Great Olympic Friendships: Jesse Owens, Luz Long and a beacon of brotherly love at the Nazi games". The Independent. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
  14. ^ Scritto da Administrator. "Lutz Long". Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  15. ^ "Letters of Note". Retrieved 2016-08-16.
  16. ^ Jesse Owens Returns to Berlin (1966) at IMDb
  17. ^ Yates, David (September 21, 2014). "Sunday Documentary: Jesse Owens Returns to Berlin". andBerlin. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
  18. ^ Long, Carl-Ludwig (1913–1943), Jurist und Sportler (Weitspringen), seit 2001 Luz-Long-Weg [2]
  19. ^ Konvolut Urkunden, Fotografien, Zeitungsausschnitte, von Carl-Ludwig (Luz) Long, LSC, Leichtathletik, Silbermedaillengewinner Weitsprung Olympische Spiele Berlin 1936, (übergeben von Karl-H. Long) "Museumszeitung". Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
  20. ^ "Sportmuseum". Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Karl-Heinrich Long: Luz Long – eine Sportlerkarriere im Dritten Reich. Sein Leben in Dokumenten und Bildern. Arete Verlag, Hildesheim 2015, ISBN 978-3-942468-26-8.
  • Transcript of letter sent by Luz Long to Jesse Owens from Sicily while he was serving in the Wehrmacht. "Tell him about his father"

External links[edit]