Luz Station

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Luz Station

Estação da Luz
Metrô-SP icon.svg
Commuter rail
Estação da Luz.jpg
The station in 2005, after several improvements
LocationPraça da Luz 1, Luz, São Paulo
Brazil
Coordinates23°32′6″S 46°38′7″W / 23.53500°S 46.63528°W / -23.53500; -46.63528 (Luz Station)Coordinates: 23°32′6″S 46°38′7″W / 23.53500°S 46.63528°W / -23.53500; -46.63528 (Luz Station)
Operated byCompanhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos
Line(s)
Platforms4
Connections
Construction
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeLUZ
History
Opened16 February 1867 (1867-02-16)
Designated1976
Reference no.944
Location
Luz Station is located in São Paulo
Luz Station
Luz Station
Location within São Paulo
Luz Station is located in Brazil
Luz Station
Luz Station
Luz Station (Brazil)

The Luz Station (Portuguese: Estação da Luz, IPA: [istaˈsɐ̃w̃ da ˈlus]) is the common name for a railway station in the Luz neighbourhood in São Paulo, Brazil. The station is part of the metropolitan rail system run by the CPTM. The station is mostly notable for housing the Museum of the Portuguese Language, established in 2006. The Luz Metro station is also located within the complex.

History[edit]

The station was built in the late 19th century with the purpose of being the headquarters of the newly founded São Paulo Railway. In the first decades of the 20th century, it was the main entrance to the city, a fact that gave it a major economic relevance, because the majority of the coffee from Santos was delivered in the station, along with the imported supplies.

Station in 1900

The current building was finished in 1901. The materials for its construction were brought from UK. The station was designed and produced by Walter Macfarlane & Co. Saracen Foundry Glasgow. The station was assembled in Glasgow, then disassembled and sent to São Paulo where it was reassembled. The building was designed by the English architect Henry Driver.

Fire[edit]

  • In 1946, the station caught fire and during the rebuilding process, a new floor was added to the building. Since then, the rail transport in Brazil started to decline, the same happened with the Luz neighbourhood. Both factors led to the degradation of the station. However, in the 1990s, the station was repaired.
  • On December 21, 2015, the station suffered a major fire that started at the Museum of the Portuguese Language. The fire devastated the station's major building, and claimed one firefighter life.
Interior

Cultural influence[edit]

Interior of Luz Station

The station is a remnant from the period when the coffee was a major source of income to the city. For decades, the station tower dominated the city's skyline and its clock was the reference to the other clocks in São Paulo.

At its height, in the early 20th century, when the Luz neighbourhood was an important part of the city, the station was part of an architectonic block that was a major reference inside the city. The station helped to build the city's image.

With the construction of the São Paulo Metro, during the 1970s, the monument to Ramos de Azevedo, a major landmark in the nearby zones, radically changed the image of the landscape, granting, however, a greater sense of monumentality to the station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jorge, Clóvis de Athayde. Luz – Notícias e reflexões. Departamento do Patrimônio Histórico. 1988
  • Elias, Maria Beatriz de Campos (dir.). Um século de Luz. Editora Scipione. 2001
  • Toledo, Benedito Lima de. São Paulo: Três cidades em um século. Editora Cosac e Naify. 2003.