Luzerne, Pennsylvania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Luzerne, Pennsylvania
Borough
Location of Luzerne in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Luzerne in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
Luzerne is located in Pennsylvania
Luzerne
Luzerne
Location of Luzerne in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania.
Luzerne is located in the US
Luzerne
Luzerne
Luzerne (the US)
Coordinates: 41°17′02″N 75°53′34″W / 41.28389°N 75.89278°W / 41.28389; -75.89278Coordinates: 41°17′02″N 75°53′34″W / 41.28389°N 75.89278°W / 41.28389; -75.89278
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLuzerne
Settled1807
Incorporated1882
Government
 • TypeBorough Council
Area
 • Total0.69 sq mi (1.79 km2)
 • Land0.69 sq mi (1.79 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population
 • Total2,845
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
2,801
 • Density4,065.31/sq mi (1,568.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code
18709
Area code(s)570
FIPS code42-45568

Luzerne is a borough located 5 miles (8 km) north of Wilkes Barre in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. The population was 2,845 at the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

The community was first settled in 1807. It was later incorporated as a borough in 1882. Like Luzerne County, the borough was named after Chevalier de la Luzerne, a French diplomat.[4] In the early twentieth century, coal mining and manufacturing were the main industries in the community. The borough had coal mines, a foundry, drill factories, flour and feed mills, a canning factory, and a silk mill.

Geography[edit]

A picture of PA 309 as it travels through Luzerne and the surrounding communities. Luzerne is pictured in the foreground.

Luzerne is located at 41°17′2″N 75°53′34″W / 41.28389°N 75.89278°W / 41.28389; -75.89278 (41.283780, -75.892890).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.69 square miles (1.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,398
19003,81759.2%
19105,42642.2%
19205,99810.5%
19306,95015.9%
19407,0821.9%
19506,176−12.8%
19605,118−17.1%
19704,504−12.0%
19803,703−17.8%
19903,206−13.4%
20002,952−7.9%
20102,845−3.6%
Est. 20162,801[2]−1.5%
Sources:[6][7][8]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 2,952 people, 1,410 households, and 767 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,299.3 people per square mile (1,651.8/km2). There were 1,520 housing units at an average density of 2,213.7 per square mile (850.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.92% White, 0.34% African American, 0.07% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population.

There were 1,410 households, out of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.6% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 17.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $27,614, and the median income for a family was $37,730. Males had a median income of $27,054 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,217. About 6.8% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Luzerne borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 192.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.