Historically the area was called Lō·-chiu (鷺州) and Hê-siūⁿ-chiu (和尚州). Until the 25 December 2010 creation of New Taipei, Luzhou was itself a county-controlled city (蘆洲市; Lúzhōu Shì; Lô·-chiu Chhī;postal: Luchou) in the former Taipei County.
It has an area of 7.4351 km² (2013) and a population of 199,750 people in 68,922 households (December 2014). Luzhou has the second highest population density in Taiwan (after Yonghe) and 13th in the world, with over 26,600 people per km².
Note: Hanyu Pinyin is the national standard and promulgated by the Ministry of Interior. Exceptions: "Tamsui" instead of "Danshui," cardinal direction districts, and names of special municipalities and provincial cities. ¹ — Mountain Indigenous District