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Lviv Polytechnic

Coordinates: 49°50′08″N 24°00′53″E / 49.83556°N 24.01472°E / 49.83556; 24.01472
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic coat of arms
MottoLitteris et artibus (Latin)
Established1816; 208 years ago (1816) (as Technical Academy)
ChancellorYuriy Bobalo[1]
RectorBobalo Yuriy Yaroslavovich
Location, ,
AffiliationsEuropean University Association, Association of Ukrainian Universities
Lviv Polytechnic National University
The main building is crowned with allegorical statues and the Latin inscription Litteris et Artibus
Interior main staircase of Lviv Polytechnic
Marble bust of Julian Zachariewicz at the entrance of the main building

Lviv Polytechnic National University (Ukrainian: Націона́льний університе́т «Льві́вська політе́хніка») is a public university in Lviv, Ukraine. It was founded in 1816.[2]



The history of the Lviv Polytechnic National University begins during the Austrian Empire, and extends through the Second Polish Republic, the Nazi German Occupation, the Soviet Union, and into independent Ukraine.

On 7 March 1816, the Imperial-Royal Real School was opened in Lemberg (Lviv). A technical school was established with the help of the newly introduced local industrial tax. In the curricula of the Imperial-Royal School, the main focus was assigned to the subjects of the natural-mathematical cycle, drawing, drawing and the study of new modern languages. The educational process was based on German educational programs that were adapted to local requirements. The newly created School was housed in a beautiful building at number 20 on the then-current Piekarska Street (now Virmenska).

In 1825, according to the Royal Decree of the Austrian Emperor Franz I, the three-level Imperial-Royal Real School was reorganised into the Imperial-Royal School of Technical Sciences and Trade in Lviv.

In 1835, the School of Technical Sciences and Trade turned into the Imperial-Royal Real-Trade Academy in Lviv. Here in 1841 the technical faculty was opened.

In 1844, in the house of Darowski, on the present Armenian street, 2, the Imperial-Royal Technical Academy was opened in Lviv with technical and trade departments (faculties). It was one of the first academic technical schools in Europe and the first in Ukraine. In 1877, at the start of a new academic year, under the leadership of the new rector Julian Zachariewicz, construction began of a new building to the academy (in the present Stepan Bandera street). Julian Zachariewicz was also an accomplished architect, and designed this building, based on the 1820s Technical University in Vienna, and the chemical laboratory.

At the same time, the academy was renamed Polytechnic School and included in the academic schools of the Austro-Hungarian Empire .

On 10 July 1912, Maria Sklodowska-Curie delivered a lecture at the Lviv Polytechnic School, and on the same day, she received the title of Honorary Doctor of Technical Sciences. Her name was commemorated on the honorary board of doctors honoris causa of Lviv Polytechnic.

Since 1921 the institution has been called "Politechnika Lwowska", and since 1939 - Lviv Polytechnic Institute.

In June 1993, one year before the celebration of its 150th anniversary, the Lviv Polytechnic Institute received the highest - the fourth - the level of accreditation, the status of the university and the name of the State University "Lviv Polytechnic" . In 2000 the Polytechnic received the status of a national university.

On 8 July 2009, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, at its meeting, granted the National University "Lviv Polytechnic" the status of a self-governing research national higher educational institution.[3]

In October 2017, the Tech StartUp School Business Innovation Center officially opened at Lviv Polytechnic National University with the aim of facilitating startups and innovations as well as providing students with business mentoring programs.[4]

In May 2018 the IoT lab designed for students was established in the university with the support of Lviv IT Cluster organization.[5]

Austrian Empire


In 1817, the Austrian Empire opened a secondary technical school in Lemberg,[6] divided into a technical school and a commercial school. However, the official change to a technical academy began in 1844, as noted in the following timeline:

  • 4 November 1844: The school was upgraded to the Technical Academy Lemberg. Its first director was Austrian Florian Schindler, former director of the Technical College in Brünn (Brno). The building was situated at the corner of Virmenska and Teatralna streets in the building of Darowski. The school had two departments – technical and commercial. Education lasted three years.
  • 1 November 1848: During the Revolutions of 1848, the town's center was shelled by the Austrian artillery of General Wilhelm Hammerstein. The building of the technical academy was destroyed by fire. Lectures were held in the town municipality building (3rd floor) and continued there till 1850.
  • 4 December 1850: Studies resume in the newly restored building.
  • 1851: The number of students at the technical academy was 220, out of which 98 were Polish, 50 Jewish, 48 German, 19 Ukrainian/Ruthenian, 4 Czech and 2 Hungarian. In the same year, professor Wawrzyniec Zmurko (graduate of the Vienna Polytechnic) became director of the Department of Mathematics, as the first Pole in the history of the school. Zmurko is considered as founder of the Lwów School of Mathematics.
  • 1852/1853: The beginning of the academy reorganization, which was suggested by Josef Weiser. He wanted the academy to be modelled after Paris Polytechnic, with two-level education.
  • 1857–1868: Rudolf Günsberg was the assistant of chemistry and the assistant professor of technological chemistry.
  • 1870: A Decree of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria established Polish as the official language of the school. Most professors who were not proficient in Polish left the Polytechnic.
  • 1872: The Ministry of Affairs of Religions and Education gave permission to teach chemical technologies. Rudolf Günsberg started as the full professor of applied chemistry.
  • 12 March 1872: Professor of physics Feliks Strzelecki was elected as the first rector.
  • 1 April 1874 – October 1877: Academy obtained permission to build new academic premises. Julian Zachariewicz was elected as the construction superintendent. He ordered that the facade of the building be modelled after the building of the Munich Polytechnic.
  • 7 October 1877: The first telephone conversation on the territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire took place, followed by a lecture of Doctor Roman Gostkowski. The Telephone line connected the assembly hall of the main building with the premises of the Department of Technical Chemistry.
  • 15 November 1877: Inauguration of the new rector – professor of architecture Julian Zachariewicz. On the same day, consecration of newly constructed school's building took place, carried out by three Lvov's archbishops - Roman Catholic, Greek-Catholic and Armenian-Catholic and witnessed by Governor of Galicia, Alfred Potocki.
  • 1877: Technical academy was renamed to Polytechnical School (Technische Hochschule). However, the rector as well as other professors refrained from using a German-sounding name, and insisted on calling it in Polish Szkola Politechniczna.
  • 13 September 1880: Emperor Franz Joseph I visited the polytechnical school. During that visit he ordered Jan Matejko to depict the technical progress of mankind in 11 pictures. Now these pictures decorate the assembly hall. The Emperor signed a guest book in Polish; the book is now kept in Wrocław.

Images of the Aula of the Polytechnic, with 11 paintings by Jan Matejko.
  • 1893: Due to efforts of Stanislaw Madejski, Minister of Education of Galicia, diplomas of the Polytechnic are regarded equal to diplomas of other renowned European schools of this kind.
  • 1894: The 50th jubilee of the Polytechnical School. To commemorate that date, Professor Władysław Zajączkowski published the book "The Imperial Polytechnical School in Lviv. Historical essay on its foundation and development as well as its present state".
  • 13 February 1894: The Polytechnic School Statute was adopted.
  • 1905: Lviv Polytechnical School possessed the second place in the number of students after Vienna.
  • 1914: As there were no limits on foreign students, in that year, students from the Russian-occupied part of Poland were some 30% of all. In that year, the school owned 11 laboratories and an astronomical station, and its library had some 20000 books.
  • Russian occupation shut down the Polytechnic University for the 1914/15 academic year.

Second Polish Republic

  • November 1918: Students and professors of the Polytechnic take part in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia. Poland won the war. Among those fighting on Polish side, there are Kazimierz Bartel, Stefan Bryła and Antoni Wereszczynski, who later became the rector.
  • 8 November 1919: Polish Government unifies the Agricultural Academy in Dublany and Higher School of Forestry (Lwów) with Politechnical School.
  • 28 June 1920: Adoption of the New Statute and renaming the Polytechnical School into Lwów Polytechnic (Polish: Politechnika Lwowska).
  • 19 November 1922: The Polytechnic is awarded by the Polish Government with Cross of Defenders of Lwów. Earlier in that year, Marshal of France Ferdinand Foch comes to Lwów and is awarded the title of doctor honoris causa of the school.
  • 23 February 1931: Council of the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of Polytechnic conferred academic rank of honorary doctor to professor Nils Handson (Stockholm, Sweden).
  • 1934: Construction of the building of the library on Professor Street 1 was finished.
  • 11 November 1936: President Ignacy Mościcki awards the school with Order Polonia Restituta in appreciation of its achievements.

Soviet Union

  • October 1939: The polytechnic was renamed to Lviv Polytechnical Institute.

Nazi German occupation


Ukrainian SSR

  • 1945: The Geodetic Department was founded. Most professors of Polish ethnicity, leave Lviv for Poland. The Polish traditions developed at the Polytechnic were continued at the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice and Wrocław University of Technology.
  • October 1946: The Lviv Polytechnical Institute began to publish the periodical newspaper "Lviv Polytechnic".
  • 1952: The Radio-engineering Department was founded.
  • 1962: The Automation, Electromechanical and Mechanical Technology Departments were founded.
  • 1966: The Economical Engineering Department was founded.
  • 1967: The Department of Technology of Organic Substances was founded.
  • 1970: The second building of the library was erected.
  • 1971: The Heating Engineering Department was founded.
  • 1989: Democratic changes began at Polytechnical Institute
  • 10 April 1991: Inauguration of the first democratically elected rector for the last 50 years – Yu. Rudavsky.


  • 1992: Computer Engineering Department and Information Technology Department were founded.
  • 1992: Institute of Humanities was founded on the basis of the following chairs:
    • History of Ukraine, its Science and Technology
    • Ukrainian Language
    • Politology
    • Philosophy
    • Foreign Languages (English, German, French, Spanish, Russian, Japanese)
  • 1993: The Department of Applied Mathematics was founded.
  • June 1993: The Lviv Polytechnical Institute got the status of university, becoming Lviv Polytechnic State University.
  • 1994: Lviv Polytechnic got the status of national university becoming Lviv Polytechnic National University.
  • 8 July 2009: The Lviv Polytechnic received the status of self-governing (autonomous) national research university.



The National University "Lviv Polytechnic" includes:

  • 16 educational institutes (as well as the Institute of distance learning and the International Institute of Education, Culture and Relations with the Diaspora);
  • Research Centre
  • Scientific and technical library;
  • 8 colleges, two gymnasiums;
  • 34 teaching and laboratory buildings;
  • 12 dormitories;
  • 3 sports and health camps for students and teachers;
  • Publishing house of Lviv Polytechnic National University;
  • People's House "Prosvita (Lviv Polytechnic)";
  • Design and Construction Association "Polytechnic";
  • a geodetic polygon and an astronomical-geodesic laboratory.

The university has more than 35,000 students and extramural students.[7] The training of specialists is carried out in 64 bachelor's areas and 124 specialities, of which 123 are master's level.

The teaching process is provided by a teaching staff of more than 2,200 people, of whom more than 320 are doctors of sciences and more than 1200 are associate professors, PhD. The educational process involves scientists from scientific institutions of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, production enterprises and design institutes.

Notable alumni

General Sikorski was an alumnus of the Lwów Polytechnic (1902–06)

Notable professors





  1. ^ Ownership structure Lviv Polytechnic National University. Retrieved April 30, 2023.
  2. ^ "Львівська політехніка пропустила своє 200-річчя" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2020-04-03.
  3. ^ "Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 713 dated July 8, 2009". zakon1.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2017-09-11.
  4. ^ Zaxid.net (26 October 2017). ""Львівська політехніка" відкрила власну стартап-школу". ZAXID.NET (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2020-04-03.
  5. ^ "The Opening of IoT Lab at Lviv Polytechnic". Perfectial. Retrieved 2020-04-03.
  6. ^ "Technical Education in Europe".
  7. ^ "Інформаційний пакет Національного університету "Львівська політехніка"". Національний університет «Львівська політехніка» (in Ukrainian). 2016-06-03. Retrieved 2020-04-03.

49°50′08″N 24°00′53″E / 49.83556°N 24.01472°E / 49.83556; 24.01472