From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"LYX" redirects here. LYX may also refer to the IATA airport code for Lydd Airport, which is operated by London Ashford Airport.
Screenshot of LyX 2.1.x on Windows
Developer(s) The LyX Team
Initial release 1995; 22 years ago (1995)
Stable release
2.2.2 / 15 October 2016; 4 months ago (2016-10-15)
Development status Active
Written in C++, Qt 5
Operating system Cross-platform
Available in Multilingual (23)
Type Document processor
License GNU General Public License

LyX (styled as ; pronounced [ˈlɪks]) is an open source document processor based on top of the LaTeX typesetting system. Unlike most word processors, which follow the WYSIWYG ("what you see is what you get") paradigm, LyX has a WYSIWYM ("what you see is what you mean") approach, where what shows up on the screen is only an approximation of what will show up on the page.

Since LyX largely functions as a front-end to the LaTeX typesetting system, it has the power and flexibility of LaTeX, and can handle documents including books, notes, theses, to academic papers, letters, etc. Knowledge of the LaTeX markup language is not necessary for basic usage, although a variety of specialized formatting is only possible by adding LaTeX directives directly into the page.

LyX is popular among technical authors and scientists for its advanced mathematical modes, though it is increasingly used by non-mathematically-oriented scholars as well[1][2] for its bibliographic database integration[3] and ability to manage multiple files.[3] LyX has also become popular among self-publishers.[4][5]

LyX is available for various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, Linux, UNIX, OS/2 and Haiku. LyX can be redistributed and modified under the terms of the GNU General Public License and is thus free software.


  • GUI with menus
  • Automatically numbered headings, titles, and paragraphs, with table of contents
  • Text is laid out according to standard typographic rules, including ligatures, kerning, indents, spacing, and hyphenation
  • Support for right-to-left languages like Arabic,[6] Persian,[7] and Hebrew,[8] including support for bi-directional text
  • Support for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean languages
  • Support for the XeTeX and LuaTeX typesetting systems
  • Standard operations like cut/paste, spell-checking
  • Notes
  • Textclasses and templates similar to the \documentclass[arguments]{theclass} command in LaTeX
  • BibTeX Support
  • Table Editor (WYSIWYG)
  • Math Editor (WYSIWYG)
  • Ability to import various common text formats
    Screenshot of PDF document created with LyX
  • Ability to natively export the document to DocBook SGML, XHTML and plain text
  • SVN, Git, RCS, CVS-support for collaboration
  • And others – see detailed list


Matthias Ettrich started developing a shareware program called Lyrix in 1995. It was then announced on Usenet, where it received a great deal of attention in the following years.

Shortly after the initial release, Lyrix was renamed to LyX due to a name-clash with a word processor produced by the company Santa Cruz Operation.[9] The name LyX was chosen because of the file-suffix '.lyx' for Lyrix files.[10]


Version Release date
0.7.0 October 24, 1995
1.0.0 February 1, 1999
1.2.0 May 29, 2002
1.3.0 February 7, 2003
1.4.0 March 8, 2006
1.5.0 July 27, 2007
1.6.0 November 10, 2008
2.0.0 May 8, 2011.[11]
2.1.0 April 25, 2014.[12]
2.1.1 July 15, 2014
2.1.2 September 26, 2014 October 30, 2014 November 17, 2014
2.1.3 February 10, 2015
2.1.4 July 30, 2015
2.2.0 26 May, 2016
2.2.1 25 July, 2016
2.2.2 15 October, 2016

Besides the main distribution of LyX which requires installation, there is also an unofficial portable version integrated with TeXLive called LyTeX.[13]


According to the project's wiki, the developers pronounce LyX as [ˈlɪks], like the English word "licks", or [ˈlʏks].[14]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]