Lyady, Vitebsk Region
Lyady was founded in the 17th century. It was located on the road connecting Moscow and Warsaw. It is located near the Mereya River, once the border between Russia and Poland and later between the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Lyady used to have a predominantly Jewish population. It was the center of Chabad chasidism for over a decade. The first rebbe Shneur Zalman of Liadi settled there at the invitation of Prince Stanisław Lubomirski, voivode of the town, after his second imprisonment in 1800. He left the town in 1812, fleeing the French Invasion under Napoleon.
After the German occupation of Belarus in the Second World War, the town's Jews were gathered into a ghetto. On April 2, 1942, the Germans and collaborators killed more than 2,000 Jews in the ghetto.
- Вячеслав ТАМАРКИН. ГЛАС УБИЕННЫХ МОЛЧАТЬ НЕ ДАЕТ!. Международный еврейский журнал "МИШПОХА" (in Russian). Журнал "Мишпоха". Retrieved October 27, 2013.
- David M. Glantz, Battle for Belorussia, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 2016, p. 67
- Monument of 1812 war
- "The murder of the Jews of Lyady" during World War II, Yad Vashem website
- Lyady, Belarus at JewishGen