Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle

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Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle
Lycée Français de Londres Logo.png
Address
Main Campus: 35 Cromwell Road

London
,
SW7 2DG

England
Coordinates51°29′31″N 0°36′29″W / 51.49187°N 0.60792°W / 51.49187; -0.60792Coordinates: 51°29′31″N 0°36′29″W / 51.49187°N 0.60792°W / 51.49187; -0.60792
Information
TypeIndependent school
Primary School
Secondary School
Established1915
Department for Education URN100547 Tables
Head of SchoolOlivier Rauch
GenderMixed
Age3 to 18
Enrolment3,867
gradesBaccalauréat
Brevet des collèges
GCSE
A-Levels
Website
Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle is located in Greater London
Main
Main
Wix
Wix
Marie d'Orliac
Marie d'Orliac
André Malraux
André Malraux
Campuses
82% of the Lycée's pupils are French.

The Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle, usually referred to as the Lycée or the French Lycée, is a French co-educational primary and secondary independent day school, operated by the French Education Property Trust,[1] wholly owned by the French Government,[2] and situated in South Kensington in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London. There is also a British Section, for GCSEs and A-levels, which students can join in year 10. The French Education Property Trust also operates three primary school satellites: André Malraux (Ealing), Marie d'Orliac (Fulham), Wix (Clapham), and the associated Collège Français Bilingue de Londres (CFBL) (Kentish Town),[3] and Lycée International de Londres Winston Churchill in the former Brent Town Hall building in Wembley.[1]

Campuses[edit]

The school houses, on its main site in South Kensington (near the French Embassy, the Natural History Museum and the Victoria & Albert Museum), nursery and elementary classes as well as secondary classes, college type then high school. The main entrance is in front of the Natural History Museum.

Three additional primary schools:

  • September 1993, the Wix's Lane, in the Clapham district, called "Wix School";
  • September 1995, the Ealing Annex, named École André-Malraux in May 1997;
  • September 2008, the Fulham annex, called École Marie-d'Orliac.

These two establishments are however not annexes:[4]

  • 2012, London Bilingual French College, Kentish Town;
  • 2015, London Winston-Churchill International High School, Wembley.

Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle primary school in South Kensington, London, was a site for expatriate French citizens to cast their vote in French presidential elections on April 23, 2017.[5]

History[edit]

Maurois building,
(British Section),
27–29 Cromwell Road.

Early years[edit]

The school was founded as the French School of London, largely through the efforts of Marie d'Orliac (fr),[6][7] with backing from the University of Lille for Belgian and other francophone World War I refugees in 1915 near London's Victoria station and provided a full education for 120 pupils. In 1920, the renamed Lycée Français de Londres relocated to Cromwell Gardens, opposite the Victoria and Albert Museum. In the late 1930s it moved again to a Neo-Georgian style purpose-built school building (AJ Thomas, assistant to EL Lutyens), adjacent to the Université des lettres françaises (French Institute) in Queensberry Place – another d'Orliac project – with its own entrance in Queensberry Mews. WWII saw the Lycée evacuate to Cumberland. The aesthetics displayed in the architecture of Patrice Bonnet's 1939 French Institute[8] were translated into small touches like the Art Deco designs of the termly "Tableau d'honneur" cards, (the roll of honour) given to pupils deemed to have worked hard. The designs became utilitarian in the fifties.

During the Second World War, the Lycée pupils and their teachers were evacuated to Cumberland. The London buildings became offices for the Free French government in exile of General de Gaulle. Bombing raids on London destroyed buildings adjacent to the Lycée.

After World War II[edit]

Post-war development of the school was overseen by M. Augustin Gaudin, the Proviseur (headmaster), supported by his wife. The school and the French Institute were initially seen as largely synonymous, and remained heavily interdependent in the post-war years, and into the 1970s. Their close relations came to an end with French administrative reforms and the introduction of modern management and accounting techniques in the 1980s. Another notable feature of the time was that Lille University offered a first year of their humanities programme at the Lycée, for those completing the Terminales classes and arranged exchanges for teachers as well as pupils.

The school saw steady expansion during the post-war "baby boom". In 1947 three junior classes (jardin d'enfants, 12e and 11e) had opened in adapted rented accommodation at 29 The Boltons SW10, on the corner with Tregunter Road. The establishment formed a succursale (satellite) of the Lycée for a period of 15 years, and was known simply as "The Boltons". In 1952 an "English Section" for British or UK-based pupils was established: it was later renamed the "British Section". The bombed terraces directly opposite the Natural History Museum on Cromwell Road, which had been temporarily converted into tennis courts, were acquired by the French government, and a major development of this site was undertaken between 1955 and 1957. New facilities included modern science laboratories and multipurpose classrooms, and a spacious entrance hall at 35 Cromwell Road. The corner of Cromwell Road and Cromwell Place was occupied by the Royal College of Art, but after the Royal College moved to purpose-built premises on Kensington Gore in the 1980s, further terraced houses were gradually acquired by the French Government. Another temporary succursale in the Swinging Sixties was no. 6 Cromwell Place, SW7, home of the then "English section", watched over by Mme Thérèse Wright. Close neighbours in Cromwell Place were the French Institute's noted bi-lingual Secretarial College and the Alliance Française. In the days before IT, the Lycée library and yearly issue and collection of school textbooks – an enormous logistical exercise – was managed by Mme Betty Galitzine and later by Mme Babette Willmot. For decades, the Lycée's French stationery was procured by Neilson's in Harrington Road.

As the school grew, so the kitchens faced an increasing logistical challenge to produce upwards of 2000 hot meals daily on Lycée monogrammed china.

1960s[edit]

In 1962, President de Gaulle returned to the Lycée for a final visit, and was greeted by the entire school.

With the lull in construction, the school increased its interest in the arts, science, sport and travel. In 1966 a Lycée excursion was led by Mme Raphael to Paris to view the Picasso Retrospective exhibition at the Grand Palais.[9] There were annual organised trips to Val d'Isère for skiing in spring, a Summer School in Pont Saint-Esprit, led by Jacques Iselin and tours of the Soviet Union in association with Dr. Sanger of Westminster School. The return by rail from one such trip was briefly, though alarmingly, delayed by the Soviet led Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. Pupils put on plays, mostly in French, at the Institute's theatre (now the Ciné Lumière) and art exhibitions in the entrance halls of the 'Institut' and 35 Cromwell Road. The languages offered through the parallel curricula were Ancient Greek and Latin, German, Italian, Russian and Spanish. 'English Section' pupils took part in British school competitions in the recitation of Latin verse. Other pupils were successful in writing competitions organised by the Alliance Française. With the help of former Olympic standard PE teachers, the Lycée was noted for its competitive prowess on the sports field, in the water and in the gym: handball, rugby, basketball, tennis, even cricket (a French invention!), rowing, swimming, fencing and horse-riding.[10]

Each year, there was a steady stream of applicants to Oxbridge and to the Grandes écoles and places taken up to study architecture, economics, engineering, medicine, music and science in France, the UK and the USA. To underscore the importance of Franco-British understanding, the Alliance Française annually sponsored a special award to one pupil for "Camaraderie Franco-Britannique".

The wave of student revolutions of 1968 brought about changes in the French educational system which were also felt in South Kensington. One change was the removal of the Lycée's annual ceremonial prize-giving from the Royal Festival Hall, its home for some years, to the more convenient Royal Albert Hall. The ceremony was marked by an organ recital by the school's Master of Music, the former Notre Dame de Paris organist and composer Jean Dattas,[11] and by speeches from noted French academics. French ministries and businesses would sponsor generous expenditure on books which were then distributed as prizes to pupils of merit. The 1970s brought in their wake a Counterculture with its liberal attitude to drug use. Like many other teaching establishments, the Lycée had its share of problems.

Late twentieth century[edit]

The continuing expansion of the school led to further occupation of the mews complex behind Cromwell Place. In the mid 1960s, there had still been horses stabled in the mews, and equine odours invaded classrooms on the east side of the site. The erection in 1984 of the Primary School building to Roeven Vardi's design, in the playground on Harrington Road, allowed the primary classes to be decanted out of their cramped conditions in Queensberry Place.[12]

In 1980, the school was renamed the Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle, for the late French President, who had established his wartime offices in the decanted Lycée buildings.

Due to limited space at the South Kensington site, the Lycée opened two "feeder" primary schools, based in Clapham and Ealing, in 1993 and 1995 respectively. Since May 1997, the Ealing "satellite" has been known as the École André Malraux, named after the French author and politician.

Present day[edit]

2015 marked the school's centenary. It constitutes both a French and British cultural landmark in the UK's capital and, with its associated French Institute, a site of remarkable architectural heritage.[8] The Lycée caters for some 4,000 pupils between the ages of 3 and 18 and teaches predominantly in French. Usually referred to simply as "the Lycée", the school is an important centre for London's sizeable French community and one of the most academically successful French schools outside France. Its curriculum and management are overseen by the French National Ministry of Education through the Agency for French Teaching Abroad (AEFE). In addition to serving the French community in London, 9% of pupils at the Lycée are British, placed in the school by parents wanting their children to benefit from a bilingual education. The Lycée has a proud multicultural and international mix of pupils, with over 50 different nationalities.

The school charges fees, but these are subsidised by the French government:[13][14][15]

The vast majority of the teaching at the Lycée is in French, according to French curricula; and up to the quatrième class (at the age of 13/14), all pupils are taught entirely in French. From troisième onwards (equivalent to Year Ten or freshman year), pupils can opt either to stay in the "French Section" and study for the Brevet and the Baccalauréat, or to transfer to the "British Section" (64 students per year) and work towards GCSEs and A-levels.[16] The British Section has had a very good reputation and excellent results since it began.

The school was refurbished during summer 2008,[17] (and 2011[18]) following the buyout of Peterborough School (Clancarty Road, Fulham), to vacate most of the South Kensington primary school for occupation by secondary school pupils.

In 2008, the British Section of the Lycée (the branch which enters pupils for British school examinations) was ranked 15th in the Financial Times schools league table,[19] and 16th in The Times schools league table.[20]

In April 2007, more than 400 students gathered outside the Lycée Francais Charles de Gaulle buildings in support of Thierry Grepinet, after it was announced that he was being replaced by Natalie Routier, the wife of deputy head Yves Routier.[21][22][23]

Winter sports uniform (left) and summer sports uniform (right).

Academic results[edit]

French Baccalauréat[edit]

The Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle is one of the best[24] French schools abroad as shown by its outstanding results: Baccalauréat results 2010

Section Number of candidates Succeeded % Mention Très bien Mention Bien Mention Assez bien Total honours
Literary 15 15 100 1 6 7 14
Economics and Social Sciences 68 67 98.52 13 22 22 57
Scientific 95 95 100 46 25 18 89
Total 178 177 99.43 60 53 47 160
  • Percentage of honours "Mention Très Bien": 35% of the students.
  • Percentage of honours "Mention Bien": 30% of the students.
  • Percentage of honours "Mention Assez Bien": 26% of the students.
  • Percentage of total honours : 90% of the students.

A-levels: 2010 Results[edit]

  • 100% of students received their A-levels
  • 59.3% received A*+A (The national average being of 27%)
  • 22% obtained a B
  • 18.7% of students obtained their A-levels with a C or E

Heads of the British Section[edit]

  • Anthony Morgan (1958–1979)
  • Alan Harrison (1979–1994)
  • Rachide Bennamar (1994–2000)
  • Rosalind Nichol (2000–2010)
  • Kelvin Zane (2010–2016)[25]
  • Simon McNaught (2016–current)

Notable former pupils and teachers[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "French Lycée buys Brent Town Hall". www.colliers.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Fury as London Lycee makes room for Sarkozy's son". The Independent. 17 December 2007.
  3. ^ "Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle". franceinlondon.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Inscription". lyceefrancais.org.uk. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  5. ^ "French Elections 2017, in pictures". 7 May 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  6. ^ Janvrin, Isabelle; Rawlinson, Catherine (24 July 2016). "The French in London: From William the Conqueror to Charles de Gaulle". Bitter Lemon Press. Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "De Romain Gary à la Princesse Anne en passant par Charles de Gaulle, les 100 ans d'Histoire mouvementée du Lycée Français de Londres". francetvinfo.fr. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b "LOH Building Details". Openhouselondon.org.uk. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Pablo Picasso : Exposition rétrospective de 1966 - francetv éducation". Education.francetv.fr. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  10. ^ Chaline, Eric (15 April 2015). "The Temple of Perfection: A History of the Gym". Reaktion Books. Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Jacques Ghémard. "Jean Dattas – Les Français Libres". Francaislibres.net. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  12. ^ "Building Works Contract for Security Upgrades at Andre Malraux and Marie d'Orliac Schools". bidcomservices.co.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Le lycée français de Londres". Golondres.com. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  14. ^ "Lycee Français Charles de Gaulle". Goodschoolsguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  15. ^ "Lycee Français Charles de Gaulle (British Section)". Goodschoolsguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  16. ^ "Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle de Londres – Case Studies – Cicero Translations". cicerotranslations.co.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  17. ^ LYCÉE FRANÇAIS CHARLES DE GAULLE: Significant Defects
  18. ^ "Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle - Thomas Sinden Limited". archive.org. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  19. ^ [1] Archived 13 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "Education | The Times". Timesonline.co.uk. 2015-05-31. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  21. ^ Mylifeinlondon (23 April 2007). "Lycée en Grève". skyrock.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  22. ^ Stones, Adam (19 April 2007). "Save our teacher, say Lycée students". Retrieved 29 October 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  23. ^ ""400 Pupils Join Striking Teachers in 'Nepotism' Row" - The Evening Standard (London, England), April 19, 2007 - Online Research Library: Questia". www.questia.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Students of the Lycée français Charles de Gaulle". flickr.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  25. ^ Details from Faucher et al. 2015.
  26. ^ Benoist, J-M, Marx est mort, Paris PUF, 1970
  27. ^ "Knitting Circle Kay Dick". Web.archive.org. 2008-04-16. Archived from the original on 2008-04-16. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
  28. ^ Sale, Jonathan (22 January 1998). "Education: Passed/failed: Arabella Weir". The Independent. London. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  29. ^ "Drama - Jane Eyre - The History of Jane Eyre On-Screen". BBC. Retrieved 2010-03-30.

Further reading[edit]

  • Faucher, Charlotte; Rauch, Olivier; Zuniga, Floriane; Simon, Éric (2015). Le Lycée français Charles de Gaulle de Londres, 1915–2015. London: Association des anciens de Lycée français de Londres. ISBN 978-0993097706.

External links[edit]