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Lycaena virgaurea1.JPG
Lycaena virgaureae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lycaenidae
Subfamily: Lycaeninae
Genus: Lycaena
Fabricius, 1807

Antipodolycaena Smart, 1975
Boldenaria Zhdanko, 1995
Chalceria Scudder, 1876
Chrysophanus Hübner, 1818 (rejected)
Chysoptera Zincken, 1817
Disparia Verity, 1943 (non Nagano, 1916: preoccupied
Epidemia Scudder, 1876
Helleia Verity, 1943
Heodes Dalman, 1816
Hermelycaena L.D.Miller & F.M.Brown, 1979
Hyllolycaena L.D.Miller & F.M.Brown, 1979
Loweia Tutt, 1906
Lycia Sodovskii, 1837 (non Hübner, 1825: preoccupied)
Migonitis Sodovskii, 1837 (non Rafinesque, 1815: preoccupied
"Palaeochrysophanus" Verity, 1934 (nomen nudum)
Palaeochrysophanus Verity, 1943
Palaeoloweia Verity, 1934
Rapsidia Sibatani, 1974
Rumicia Tutt, 1906
Tharsalea Scudder, 1876
Thersamolycaena Verity, 1957
Thersamonia Verity, 1919
and see text

Lycaena is a butterfly genus.The genus range is Holarctic, with the exception of four species found in New Zealand, two in South Africa, one in New Guinea and one in Java. It is commonly divided into several subgenera, such as Antipodolycaena. Many formerly independent genera are now subsumed within Lycaena; the genus Gaiedes may also belong here.[citation needed] Many of the subgenera, species-groups and species listed here may be synonyms.


Listed alphabetically within groups:[1]

Subgenus Tharsalea Scudder, 1876:

Subgenus Chalceria Scudder, 1876:
The thaeides species-group:

The chalceria species-group:

Subgenus Epidemia Scudder, 1876:
The hyllolycaena species-group:

The epidemia species-group:

Subgenus Hermelycaena Miller & Brown, 1979:

Subgenus Antipodolycaena Smart, 1975:

Unnamed subgenus:
The heodes species-group:

The palaeochrysophanus species-group:

Subgenus Lycaena Fabricius, 1807:
The helle species-group:

The phlaeas species-group:

The thersamolycaena species-group:

The thersamonia species-group:

  • Lycaena aditya (Moore, [1875]) West Pamirs, Afghanistan, Pakistan, North India
  • Lycaena alaica (Grum-Grshimailo, 1888) Pamirs-Alai, Gissar ange , North east Afghanistan
  • Lycaena alpherakyi (Grum-Grshimailo, 1888) East Pamirs, Northwest China
  • Lycaena attila (Zhdanko, 1990) Zaalaisky mountains (Trans-Ili Alatau) Central Asia
  • Lycaena asabinus (Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]) Turkey, Transcaucasia, Iran, Armenia
  • Lycaena hyrcana (Neuburger, 1903) North Iran to Central Asia
  • Lycaena kurdistanica (Riley, 1921) Armenia, Northeast Turkey, West Iran
  • Lycaena lampon Lederer, [1870] Kopet-Dagh, Southeast Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan
  • Lycaena ochimus (Herrich-Schäffer, [1851]) Transcaucasia, Armenia, Caucasus Minor, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Talysh Mountains (Iran - Azerbaijan)
  • Lycaena phoebus (Blachier, 1905) – Moroccan Copper Morocco
  • Lycaena solskyi Erschoff, 1874 Pamirs to Alay Mountains, Gissar Range, Darvaz, Tian-Shan, Kashmir, Samarkand
  • Lycaena thersamon (Esper, 1784) – Lesser Fiery Copper
  • Lycaena thetis Klug, 1834 – Fiery Copper or Golden Copper

The phoenicurusia species-group:

  • Lycaena margelanica (Staudinger, 1881) South Tajikistan to Tien-Shan, Gissar Range, Darvaz, Alay, West Pamir Babatag, Karatau, Teriklitau, Rangontau, Zailiisky Alatau, Lake Issyk-Kul mountains

The hyrcanana species-group:

  • Lycaena caspius (Lederer, 1869) Kopet-Dagh,Gissar Range, North Iran, Afghanistan
  • Lycaena ophion Hemming, 1933 Kopet-Dagh, Gissar Range to Darvaz Tadzhikistan
  • Lycaena pamira (Nekrutenko, 1983)
  • Lycaena sartha (Staudinger, 1886) Gissar Range to Darvaz, Pamirs to Alay mountains, Northeast Afghanistan
  • Lycaena sultan (Lang, 1884) West Gissar Range (Zeravshansky, Ghissarsky, Baisuntau, Fanskie)

Unknown species group:


  1. ^ Lycaena,

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