Lydford-on-Fosse

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Lydford-on-Fosse
Lydford stores.jpg
Lydford stores
Lydford-on-Fosse is located in Somerset
Lydford-on-Fosse
Lydford-on-Fosse
Lydford-on-Fosse shown within Somerset
Population 511 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST565305
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SOMERTON
Postcode district TA11 7
Dialling code 01963
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°04′20″N 2°37′20″W / 51.07217°N 2.62225°W / 51.07217; -2.62225Coordinates: 51°04′20″N 2°37′20″W / 51.07217°N 2.62225°W / 51.07217; -2.62225

Lydford-on-Fosse is a village and civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. The parish includes the village of West Lydford and hamlet of East Lydford.

History[edit]

Lydford-on-Fosse straddles the Fosse Way, an ancient Roman road which linked the cities of Lincoln and Exeter. The village takes its name from two Saxon words, Lyd torrent or noisy stream and Ford a passage crossing a river,[2] and was established before the Norman Conquest.[3] The villages of East and West Lydford are to the east and west of the ford which was where the Fosse Way crossed the river Brue.

A place where a river could be forded became a meeting place and a centre for trade and the granting of a charter for a fair and weekly market in the reign of Henry III (1216 - 1272) suggests that Lydford was already a place of some importance by that time.[3] Fair Place, West Lydford, is where the fair was held. At least 1800 years of recorded history of East and West Lydford, with entries for both in the Doomsday Book, have led to the Parish now known as Lydford on Fosse.

The parish of West Lydford was part of the hundred of Catsash, while East Lydford was in Somerton Hundred.[4]

The modern A37 trunk road follows the route of the ancient Fosse Way through the parish.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Mendip, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Shepton Mallet Rural District,[5] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Somerton and Frome county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Facilities[edit]

Lydford on Fosse is served by a pub (the Cross Keys), petrol station (with shop) and a motorhome shop.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of St Mary in East Lydford[6] was built in 1866 by Benjamin Ferrey for the rector, J. J. Moss. It was last used for worship in 1987 and has been privately owned since 1993. The building is Grade II listed,[7] but is disused and derelict, and is described in the Mendip District Council Buildings at Risk Register as being in 'poor' condition and possibly being structurally unsound.[8]

Ferrey also built the Anglican parish Church of St Peter on the site of an earlier church in the village of West Lydford.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lydford-on-Fosse Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 308. ISBN 0198691033. 
  3. ^ a b R. W. Dunning (editor), A. P. Baggs, R. J. E. Bush, Margaret Tomlinson (1974). "Parishes: East Lydford". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Shepton Mallet RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ R. W. Dunning (editor), A. P. Baggs, R. J. E. Bush, Margaret Tomlinson (1974). "Parishes: East Lydford". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 25 November 2006. 
  8. ^ "Historic Buildings at Risk Register". Mendip District Council. pp. Entry 24. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Church of St. Peter". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 25 January 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Lydford-on-Fosse at Wikimedia Commons