Lydia Gromyko

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Lydia Dmitrievna Gromyko (Russian: Лидия Дмитриевна Громыко; née Grinevich, Гриневич; 14 April 1911[1] – 9 March 2004[2]) was the wife of Soviet leader Andrey Gromyko (1909–1989).


Lydia Dmitrievna Grinevich was born in a village in Minsk region on 14 April 1911.[3] She was a daughter of Belarusian peasants.[4]

Andrey Gromyko and she met in Minsk where they both were studying agriculture at the Minsk Institute of Agricultural Science.[3][5][6] They married in 1931.[7] The marriage was harmonious[8] and affectionate.[4] They had two children: a son, Anatoly, and a daughter, Emilia.[4][5] Anatoly (15 April 1932 – 25 September 2017) also served as a diplomat and academic.[9]

She worked as a teacher and was fluent in English.[6] In addition, she was learned in politics and literature.[6] Her major interest was painting.[6] She was the wife of the Soviet head of state from 2 July 1985 to 1 October 1988.[10] She was regularly seen in public which was not common in the Soviet Union.[6][11] There were rumors that Raisa Gorbacheva and she did not get along.[12] Lydia died on 9 March 2004, aged 92.[3]


  1. ^ГРОМЫКО_pagenumber_2.html
  2. ^Лидия+Дмитриевна+Гриневич&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjIifuMop_UAhUFQJoKHT33AmoQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=%D0%9B%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F%20%D0%94%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D0%93%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87&f=false
  3. ^ a b c "Соседи по парте (Neighbors on the desk)". Rosenbloom (in Russian). Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Craig R. Whitney (4 July 1989). "Andrei A. Gromyko: Flinty Face of Postwar Soviet Diplomacy". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Thom Shanker; Vincent J. Schodolski (4 July 1989). "Soviet Statesman Andrei Gromyko, 79". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Biography of Andrey Andreyevich Gromyko" (PDF). Ford Library Museum. 31 May 1974. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Cold War: Biographies" (PDF). GALE. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Ilya Zemtsov (1989). Chernenko. The Last Bolshevik: The Soviet Union on the Eve of Perestroika. Transaction Publishers. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-4128-1945-9. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Martin McCauley (1997). "Gromyko, Anatoly Andreevich". Who's Who in Russia since 1900. London: Routledge. p. 100. Retrieved 3 September 2013.   – via Questia (subscription required)
  10. ^ "Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet". Rulers. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Steve Goldstein (4 July 1989). "Gromyko, Always A Loyalist In The Soviet Leadership, Dies At 79". Philly. Moscow. AP. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Gromyko's Wife, Not Raisa, to Escort 1st Lady". Los Angeles Times. Moscow. Reuters. 25 May 1988. Retrieved 3 September 2013.