In jazz music, the lydian chord is the major 7♯11 chord, or ♯11 chord, the chord built on the first degree of the Lydian mode, the sharp eleventh being a compound augmented fourth. This chord, built on C, is shown below.
This is described as "beautiful" and "modern sounding." The notes that make up the Lydian chord represent five of the seven notes of the Lydian mode, and the ♯11 at the top of the chord is the ♯4 (one octave higher) that distinguishes the Lydian mode from the major scale.
In a chord chart the notation, "Lydian" indicates a major family chord with an added augmented eleventh, including maj7♯11, add9♯11, and 6♯11.
Lydian chords may function as subdominants or substitutes for the tonic in major keys. The interval of the sixth is used even though it is described after other compound intervals, and perhaps should also be a compound interval (i.e., thirteenth).[vague] The interval is considered to be the compound interval (i.e., thirteenth) when appearing with the Maj7th in the initial chord.
The dominant 7♯11 or Lydian dominant (C7♯11) comprises the notes:
- r, 3, (5), ♭7, (9), ♯11, (13)
Basing this chord on the pitch C results in the pitches:
- C, E, G, B♭, (D), F♯, (A)
The same chord type may also be voiced:
- C, E, B♭, F♯, A, D, F♯
- Juergensen, Chris (2006). The Infinite Guitar, p.50. ISBN 1-4116-9007-9.
- Munro, Doug (2002). Jazz Guitar: Bebop and Beyond, p.39. ISBN 978-0-7579-8281-1.
- Miller, Scott (2002). Mel Bay Getting Into Jazz Fusion Guitar, p.44. ISBN 0-7866-6248-4.
- Benward & Saker (2009). Music in Theory and Practice: Volume II, p.185. Eighth Edition. ISBN 978-0-07-310188-0.