Lydiard Millicent

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Lydiard Millicent
Lydiard Millicent - geograph.org.uk - 1204429.jpg
Lydiard Millicent is located in Wiltshire
Lydiard Millicent
Lydiard Millicent
Lydiard Millicent shown within Wiltshire
Population 1,570 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU097859
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Swindon
Postcode district SN5
Dialling code 01793
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°34′19″N 1°51′43″W / 51.572°N 1.862°W / 51.572; -1.862Coordinates: 51°34′19″N 1°51′43″W / 51.572°N 1.862°W / 51.572; -1.862

Lydiard Millicent is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 3 12 miles (6 km) west of the centre of Swindon. The parish contains the hamlets of Lydiard Green, Lydiard Plain, Greatfield and Green Hill; in the northeast the parish extends to Common Platt, which is now contiguous with the Peatmoor area of Swindon.

The Woodbridge Brook rises near the village.

History[edit]

The first part of the name of the village may be derived from the Old English for 'gate by the ford'. Millicent comes from Millicent de Clinton, who owned the manor in the 12th century and was the wife of William de Clinton;[2][3] the suffix distinguishes the manor from its neighbour to the south, Lydiard Tregoze.

Lydiard Manor is mentioned in the Domesday survey of 1086, owned by Geoffrey de Clinton, with 25 households.[4] There was an extensive Romano-British ceramic manufacturing industry on and around Shaw Ridge, on land formerly within the two Lydiard parishes, mainly in the 2nd century.[5] In the 13th century, most of the parish was within Braydon Forest; later, the forest was only in the west of the parish.[3]

Parkside Farmhouse is from the 16th century, altered in the 18th.[6] Manor Farm has an 18th-century dovecote;[7] the present Manor House was built in 1965-6 on the site of an earlier house which burned down in 1880.[5] Lydiard House, west of the village towards Lydiard Green, was built in 1830;[3] a stable block was added nearby in 1840.[8]

A Primitive Methodist chapel was built in 1863 at Lydiard Green, of red brick in plain classical style. The building was still in use in 2004 but by 2009 had become a private house.[9]

A National School was built at The Butts in 1864, and enlarged several times; in 1902 the attendance was 115. Children of all ages were educated until 1930, when those over 11 transferred to Purton. Enrollment fell, then increased in 1965 on the closure of the school at Lydiard Tregoze.[10] A new school was opened on the other side of the lane in 2011.[11]

In the 19th century the parish boundary in the northeast was the River Ray, beyond the Cheltenham railway.[5] In 1981, the eastern end of the parish – about a third of its area, including the hamlets of Nine Elms, Roughmoor and Shaw – was transferred to Thamesdown borough, together with parts of the parishes of Purton and Lydiard Tregoze.[12] This area was subsequently developed, largely for housing, as the Swindon suburbs of Shaw, Middleleaze, Nine Elms, Hillmead, Roughmoor, Peatmoor and Common Platt.

Parish church[edit]

All Saints' Church

There was probably a church at Lydiard Millicent in the late 11th century. The present parish church is a rebuilding from the 14th century; the nave is from that period and was re-roofed in the 15th or 16th. The chancel was largely rebuilt in 1871 and the west vestry (which now houses the organ) was created in 1924.[13][14]

The font, a limestone bowl decorated with intersecting arcades, is from the 12th century.[15] The tower has six bells, three of them cast by the elder Abraham Rudhall in 1712.[16] The east window, installed in 1963, is by M. E. Aldrich Rope.[17]

The building was designated as Grade II* listed in 1955.[13] The churchyard cross has a medieval limestone shaft; in the 19th century it was provided with a base and a new head.[18]

The benefice was united with Lydiard Tregoze in 1956; the incumbent lived at Lydiard Millicent.[19] The two parishes were united in 1981[20] and following the 1989 building of a church in the Swindon suburb of Shaw, the parish was renamed West Swindon and the Lydiards in 1996.[5] Further reorganisation in 2017 separated the Lydiards and created the benefice of North West Swindon and Lydiard Millicent[21] where All Saints' is the sole church.

The parish registers kept in the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre cover the years 1579–1968 (baptisms), 1580–1992 (marriages), and 1580–1988 (burials).[22]

A substantial rectory house was built southwest of the church in 1855–7, replacing an earlier house. Northern European in style, with rock-faced limestone walls dressed with Bath stone, English Heritage describe it as "a fine example of a mid C19 rectory of substance".[23] The house was sold after a smaller house was built nearby in 1951–2.[5]

Amenities[edit]

The village school continues as Lydiard Millicent C of E VC Primary School.[24] There is a parish hall (1965),[25] a recreation field with changing rooms (2002),[26] and a pub, the Sun Inn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  2. ^ Richard Tomkins, Wiltshire place names (1983), p. 69
  3. ^ a b c "Lydiard Millicent". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  4. ^ Lydiard Millicent in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e Bainbridge, Virginia, ed. (2011). "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 18 pp186-209 - Historic Parishes - Lydiard Millicent". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Parkside Farmhouse (1023142)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Dovecote at Manor Farm (1284014)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Stables to Lydiard House and walls and gate piers enclosing yard (1023143)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Primitive Methodist Chapel, Lydiard Millicent". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Lydiard Millicent C. of E. Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Lydiard Millicent School, Wiltshire". AFLA Limited. 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  12. ^ "The North Wiltshire and Thamesdown (Areas) Order 1980". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1356045)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Church of All Saints, Lydiard Millicent". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  15. ^ "All Saints, Lydiard Millicent". Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture. King's College London. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  16. ^ "Lydiard Millicent". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Church history". All Saints Church. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Churchyard cross (1023144)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  19. ^ "No. 40824". The London Gazette. 6 July 1956. p. 3946.
  20. ^ "No. 48746". The London Gazette. 25 September 1981. p. 12173.
  21. ^ "Bishop's Council & Board of Directors report" (PDF). Diocese of Bristol. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Lydiard Millicent". GENUKI. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  23. ^ Historic England. "Honeywood House (1198049)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  24. ^ "Lydiard Millicent Primary School, Swindon". lydiardmillicentcofe.wilts.sch.uk. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  25. ^ "Lydiard Millicent Parish Hall". Wiltshire Village Halls' Association. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Jubilee Club House and Recreation Field". Lydiard Millicent Parish Council. March 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Lydiard Millicent at Wikimedia Commons

Further reading[edit]

  • David Percy Harrison, The story of the church and parish of Lydiard Millicent (1936)
  • Manor of Lydiard Millicent: court rolls, 1430-1567 (MS), in archives of Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre