Lyelchytsy District

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Lyelchytsy District
Лельчыцкі раён (Belarusian)
Лельчицкий район (Russian)
District
Flag of Lyelchytsy District
Flag
Coat of arms of Lyelchytsy District
Coat of arms
Location of Lyelchytsy District
Country  Belarus
Voblast Flag of Homyel Voblast.svg Gomel
Seat Lelchytsy
Government
 • Chairman Anatoly Gaponik[1]
Area
 • District 3,221.31 km2 (1,243.75 sq mi)
Population (2017)[2]
 • District 23,993
 • Density 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Urban 11,393
 • Rural 12,600
Demographics[3]
 • Belorusian 96.78%
 • Russian 1.70%
 • Ukrainian 1.05%
 • Other 0.48%
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Rural Councils 12
Settlements 73
Website Official website

Lyelchytsy District or Lieĺčycki Rajon (Belarusian: Лельчыцкі раён, translit. Lieĺčycki rajon; Russian: Лельчицкий район, translit. Lel'chitskiy rayon) is a district (raion) of Belarus located in the Gomel Region. Its administrative center is Lieĺčycki.

History[edit]

The district was created on 17 July 1924 during early Soviet administrative reforms and frequently changed status in the first three decades of its existence. Originally formed from the Bujnavicki and Lieĺčycki townships (volosts) of the abolished Mazyr Uyezd, the district belonged to the newly established Mazyr Okrug of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR) until 1930, when Mazyr Okrug was dissolved. From 1930 to 1935 the district was a first-order subdivision of the BSSR.

At the time of its creation in 1924, the district had 12 village councils, 147 settlements, 4,913 farms, and 27,664 residents. The village of Lieĺčycki contained 306 farms and 1,659 residents.

In 1935, the Mazyr Okrug was reinstated and Lieĺčycki rejoined. New administrative reforms in 1938 introducing regions (voblasts) dissolved Mazyr Okrug again, created the Polesia Region, and transferred Lieĺčycki to the new region. The town of Lieĺčycki was granted urban-type settlement status in 1938.

During the German occupation of World War II from 1941 to 1944, the district was annexed to the Reichskommissariat Ukraine with its administrative center in Rivne. After the war, the district returned to Polesia Region, to which it remained until 1954, when the present-day Gomel Region was created.

The district was dissolved for several years in the 1960s, being abolished in December 1962 and reinstated in January 1965. It has been a district of Belarus since its independence from the USSR in 1991.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The area of the district is 3,221 km2 (1,244 sq mi). The district is heavily forested and wet, with 69.5% forest land cover and 11.1% marsh land cover as of 2010.[4] It is bordered in the north by Zhytkavichy and Pietrykaw districts, in the east by Mazyr and Yel'sk districts, in the west by Stolin District of Brest Region, and in the south by the Zhytomyr and Rivne oblasts of Ukraine. The main river is the Ubort, a tributary of the Pripyat River.

Demographics[edit]

The population of the district was 23,993 as of 2017, with 11,393 living in Lieĺčycki and 12,600 living in rural settlements.[2] The population density of the district is 7.4 km2 (2.9 sq mi). The ethnic composition in the 2009 census was 96.8% Belorusian, 1.7% Russian, and 1.1% Ukrainian. The district's population has been in decline since the 1970s, though the urban settlement of Lieĺčycki has grown over the same period.

The district was affected by the 1986 Chernobyl disaster because of its proximity. About 650 people were resettled out of the district from 1986 to 1999 as part of the resulting resettlement program.[citation needed]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
195940,135—    
197043,939+9.5%
197938,675−12.0%
198933,797−12.6%
199931,964−5.4%
2009[3]27,722−13.3%
2017[2]23,993−13.5%

Administrative Division[edit]

The district contains twelve rural councils and one urban settlement, containing a total of 73 villages.[5] The rural councils of Hrabianioŭski and Astrazhanski have been abolished since 2009 and their settlements incorporated into the other councils.[6]

English Name Belarusian Name Russian Name Type Villages Population 2009[3]
Lieĺčycki Лельчыцкі Лельчицкий urban settlement 10,606
Bujnavicki Буйнавіцкі Буйновичский rural council 11 1,684
Bukčanski Букчанскі Букчанский rural council 2 669
Hluškievicki Глушкевіцкі Глушковичский rural council 1 2,101
Hrabianioŭski Грабянёўскі Гребенёвский rural council 9 528
Dziarzhynski Дзяржынскі Дзержинский rural council 1 812
Dubroŭski Дуброўскі Дубровский rural council 7 1,014
Udarnienski Ударненскі Ударненский rural council 7 1,546
Lieĺčycki Лельчыцкі Лельчицкий rural council 6 1,799
Baraŭski Бараўскі Боровской rural council 7 1,629
Milaševicki Мілашэвіцкі Милошевичский rural council 2 1,847
Astrazhanski Астражанскі Острожанский rural council 6 443
Simanicki Сіманіцкі Симоничский rural council 6 1,094
Stadolicki Стадоліцкі Стодоличский rural council 3 802
Toniežski Тонежскі Тонежский rural council 5 1,148

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chairman of the District Executive Committee Anatoly Gaponik". www.lelchitsy.gomel-region.by (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  2. ^ a b c "Population as of 1 January 2017 and the average annual population in 2016 in the Republic of Belarus by regions, districts, cities, and townships". www.belstat.gov.by (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  3. ^ a b c "Final census data of the population of the Republic of Belarus in 2009". census.belstat.gov.by. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  4. ^ State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus (1 Jan 2011). "State Land Cadastre of the Republic of Belarus". www.gki.gov.by (in Russian).
  5. ^ "Geographic location". www.lelchitsy.gomel-region.by (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  6. ^ "STATEKARTGEOCENTER". maps.by. Retrieved 2018-01-17.


Coordinates: 51°47′09″N 28°19′29″E / 51.78583°N 28.32472°E / 51.78583; 28.32472