Lygosominae

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Lygosominae
SkinkWynaad.jpg
Unidentified Eutropis species from Wayanad (Kerala, India)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Scincidae
Subfamily: Lygosominae
Mittleman, 1952

Lygosominae is the largest subfamily of skinks in the family Scincidae. The subfamily can be divided into a number of genus groups. If the rarely used taxonomic rank of infrafamily is employed, the genus groups would be designated as such, but such a move would require a formal description according to the ICZN standards.[1]

Also, several Lygosominae genera were notorious "wastebin taxa" in the past, with scientists assigning more or less closely related species to them in a haphazard fashion and without verifying that the new species were close relatives of the genera's type species. What was once placed in Lygosoma, for example, is now divided among some 15 genera. Similarly, Mabuya and Sphenomorphus are having species moved elsewhere even today.[2] Obsolete genera include Euprepis.

Egernia group

Eugongylus group

Mabuya group

  • Chioninia – Cape Verde mabuyas (formerly in Mabuya)
  • Dasia — Southeast Asian tree skinks, including Apterygodon (now considered to be part of Dasia)
  • Eumecia — Central African elongated skinks [3]
  • Eutropis – Asian (formerly in Mabuya)
  • Heremites — Mediterranean (North Africa and Middle Eastern species) [3]
  • Mabuya – American mabuyas
  • Toenayar — composed of a single species in India/Indochina [3]
  • Trachylepis – Afro-Malagasy mabuyas (formerly in Mabuya)

Sphenomorphus group

Undetermined[verification needed]

"Hinulia" elegans, described by Grey in 1838, is unidentified, but may be Eulamprus tenuis.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. J. Austin & E. N. Arnold (2006). "Using ancient and recent DNA to explore relationships of extinct and endangered Leiolopisma skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) in the Mascarene islands". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 39 (2): 503–511. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.12.011. PMID 16473026. 
  2. ^ a b G. M. Shea & J. P. Michels (2008). "A replacement name for Sphenomorphus keiensis (Kopstein, 1926) from the southeastern Moluccas, Indonesia (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) with a redescription of the species" (PDF). Zoologische Mededelingen. 82 (52): 737–747. 
  3. ^ a b c Karin, Benjamin R.; Metallinou, Margarita; Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Jackman, Todd R.; Bauer, Aaron M. (2016-09-01). "Resolving the higher-order phylogenetic relationships of the circumtropical Mabuya group (Squamata: Scincidae): An out-of-Asia diversification". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 102: 220–232. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.05.033. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Linkem, Charles W.; Diesmos, Arvin C.; Brown, Rafe M. (2011-12-01). "Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 163 (4): 1217–1243. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00747.x. ISSN 1096-3642.