|Birth name||Lyle Joseph Ritz|
January 10, 1930|
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||March 3, 2017
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
|Genres||Jazz, blues, rock, Hawaiian|
|Instruments||Ukulele, double bass, bass guitar|
|Associated acts||The Wrecking Crew, Herb Alpert, Beach Boys, Herb Ohta|
Lyle Joseph Ritz (January 10, 1930 – March 3, 2017) was an American jazz ukulele musician who was a key part of the Hawaii ukulele genre. As part of the Wrecking Crew, Ritz contributed to many American pop hits from the mid 1960s to the early 1980s. He was inducted to the Ukulele Hall of Fame Museum in 2007 and the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in 2007.
Southern California Music Company & US Army Band
Lyle Ritz began his music career as a college student working at the Southern California Music Company in Los Angeles, CA. Responsible for the small goods department, he demonstrated instruments including the ukulele, which was being popularized by Arthur Godfrey at the time. He purchased a Gibson tenor ukulele for his own use. Drafted into the US Army during the Korean War, Ritz played tuba in the United States Army Band. Stationed at Fort Ord, Ritz learned to play the acoustic bass. While on leave, Ritz visited the Music Company and played a few tunes on the ukulele at the urging of his colleagues. Unbeknownst to him, Guitarist Barney Kessel, a talent scout for Verve Records, was standing there.
After hearing Ritz play, Kessel approached him and made the connection that resulted in his first commercial records.
Verve released Ritz's first ukulele record, How About Uke?, in 1957. 50th State Jazz was released in 1959. Both records became very popular in Hawaii and started a wave of new ukulele players. However, the records had only limited popularity on the mainland.
The Wrecking Crew
To support himself, Ritz abandoned the ukulele and became a session musician on the bass guitar. He joined the Wrecking Crew, a popular group of studio musicians in the Los Angeles recording industry. Ritz compiled over 5,000 credits including such notable tracks as Herb Alpert's "A Taste of Honey", The Righteous Brothers' "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'", and the Beach Boys' "Good Vibrations". Other notable recording artists he backed up include Sonny & Cher, the Monkees, Herb Ohta, Dean Martin, and Linda Ronstadt. He also played bass on television soundtracks including The Rockford Files, Name That Tune, and Kojak.
In 1979 Ritz was hired to play the ukulele in place of Steve Martin when Martin was shown playing in The Jerk. In 1980, Ritz was a musician playing bass on Face the Music, a game show centered on musical puzzles.
Return to ukulele music
Roy Sakuma, a fellow ukulele player and record producer, looked up Ritz in 1984 and brought him to Hawaii for the Annual Ukulele Festival. Ritz had no idea how popular his Verve records still were in Hawaii, but he participated at the festival during the next three years. In 1988 he decided it was time to retire from the circuit, but he continued to play; his third album, Time, was released by Roy Sakuma Records the same year. In 1999, Jim Beloff, founder of Flea Market Music, put together the annual UKEtopia concert in California. Among the notable events was Bill Tapia and Ritz trading jazz licks in an impromptu cutting contest.
In 2005, Ritz purchased an Apple laptop and a copy of GarageBand, software used to make home recordings. After a half year's work, he completed a new solo album, No Frills, released in 2006. He recorded the bass track using a synthesizer so he could concentrate on the jazz ukulele. Ritz was inducted into the Ukulele Hall of Fame in 2007. His citation reads in part: "Ritz will always be known as the brilliant pioneer in the area of ukulele jazz."
- 1957 How About Uke? - Verve Records
- 1959 50th State Jazz - Universal Distribution
- 1998 Time - MVM
- 2001 Ukulele Duo - JVC Victor
- 2004 How About Uke? (Re-Release) -Verve Records
- 2005 A Night of Ukulele Jazz Live at McCabe's - Flea Market Music
- 2006 No Frills - Flea Market Music
- 2007 I Wish You Love - CD Baby / PDX Uke
- 2007 Becky & Lyle Bossa Style - CD Baby
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With Paul Horn
- Impressions! (World Pacific, 1959)
- Ritz, Lyle (2001). Jumpin Jim's Ukulele Masters. Flea Market Music. ISBN 978-0634027642.
- Ritz, Lyle; Beloff, Jim (2002). Jumpin' Jim's Ukulele Masters: Lyle Ritz Solos. Flea Market Music. ISBN 978-0634046582.
- Ritz, Lyle (2008). Lyle Lite: 16 Easy Chord Solos Arranged by Ukulele Jazz Master Lyle Ritz. Flea Market Music. ISBN 978-1423437819.
- Jeffries, David. "Lyle Ritz Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
- Tranquada, Jim (2012). The Ukulele: A History. University of Hawaii Press. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-8248-3634-4.
- Ritz, Lyle (January 7, 2009). "The Ukulele Podcast". UkeCast 201 (Interview). Interview with Nina Coquina.
- Whitcomb, Ian (2012). Ukulele Heroes: The Golden Age. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-4584-1654-4.
- Face the Music (TV Series 1979–1981) on Internet Movie Database
- Chang, Heidi (March 9, 2017). "Ukulele artist played jazz, influenced isle musicians". Honolulu Star-Advertiser.
- Chang, Heidi (July 29, 2007). "Bassist Lyle Ritz: Father of Jazz Ukulele". NPR Music.
- "2007 Hall of Fame Inductee Lyle Ritz". Ukulele Hall of Fame Museum. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "Lyle Ritz, Wrecking Crew Bassist, Dies at 87". Best Classic Bands. Best Classic Bands. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- Marble, Steve (March 9, 2017). "Lyle Ritz dies at 87; 'Wrecking Crew' bassist became Hawaii ukulele legend". Los Angeles Times.