George Lyman Paine Jr. (November 16, 1901 – July 1, 1978), known as Lyman Paine, was an American architect and radical left activist. He is known for his work with the Correspondence Publishing Committee with his 2nd wife Frances Drake Paine, and was closely associated with James Boggs and Grace Lee Boggs.
Early life and first marriage
Paine Jr was born in New York City, New York in November 1901. His father George Lyman Paine Sr. was an Episcopal priest and a Christian Socialist, the son of philanthropist Robert Treat Paine. After graduating from Harvard University in 1922, G. Lyman Jr. became an architect. He married Ruth Forbes of the distinguished Forbes family in March 1926.
In 1926–1932, while living in New York City, the Paines became known for their apartment socials; one frequent social attendee, Mary Bancroft, once wrote in her autobiography about her friend Ruth Forbes Paine's husband: "Lyman, ... was interested in what he termed 'The Ultimate Reality', which I interpreted as my old friend, 'Truth'. Lyman and I had endless discussions about this ultimate reality while sipping highballs of bathtub gin and ginger ale." After having two sons, Michael Paine and Cameron Paine, the couple separated about 1932 and were divorced in 1934.
Later life and second marriage
In the mid-1930s, while working for the New York City Housing Authority, Lyman became disillusioned with the utility of his work designing housing projects to produce social improvement, and he became active in Marxist politics. There he met Frances "Freddy" Drake (1912–1999), whom he married in 1939. Then in 1947, on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the Harvard College Class of 1922, Lyman wrote in their publication, the 25th Annual Report of the Harvard Class of 1922:
I came into contact with Marxism. The writings of Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin, Frederick Engels and Leon Trotsky opened new doors upon an old world. ... I became a follower of Leon Trotsky and a partisan of the world working class.
Lyman and Freddy Paine were early members of the Johnson-Forest Tendency, a group within the Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party which included Grace Lee Boggs and her husband James Boggs. The Johnson-Forest group split from the main current of the Trotskyist left at the beginning of the 1950s, setting up the Correspondence Publishing Committee which produced the newspaper Correspondence. When Johnson-Forest founder C. L. R. James left the group in 1962, the Paines remained with the Committee and the Boggses.
George Lyman Paine Jr died on July 1, 1978 while living in the County of Los Angeles, California at the age of 76 years, and his 2nd Wife, Frances 'Freddy' Drake Paine, died on May 3, 1999 also while living in California. Both, however, are buried on Sutton Island, Maine where they had summered for many years.
- Towards understanding Russia. I. Report of the British Quaker mission to Moscow, 1951. II. Objective thinking on communism 1952
- Sutton Island, Maine: its houses, people, animals, weather 1963
- Conversations in Maine 1967, 2018
- Mary Bancroft. (1983) Autobiography Of A Spy. New York: William Morrow. p.54.
- These were investigations by: the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1963), the Warren Commission (1964), the House Select Committee on Assassinations (1979), and the Dallas Police Department.
- Finding aid for the Frances D. & G. Lyman Paine Collection at the Reuther Library of Wayne State University
- Short biography at Historical Boy's Clothing
- Warren Commission Exhibit 1830 (pdf)
- Website of the Boggs Center
- History of St. Mary's Episcopal Church, Dorchester, Mass., at Dorchester Atheneum
- "The Cemetery on Sutton Island, Maine" at cranberryisles.com
- "Design Award, 1939 World's fair" at The Museum of the City of New York